Resources for Vegetables & Specialty Crops

Title Available As Summary Date ID Author
Potato Aphid on Tomatoes Mar 29, 2019 2901-1031 (ENTO-308NP)
Organic Production of Watermelons Jan 17, 2019 2906-1342 (SPES-102NP)
Virginia Virtual Farm to Table: Hydroponic Salad Greens Jul 2, 2020 4H-911NP
Virginia Virtual Farm to Table: Tomatoes Aug 14, 2020 4H-918NP
Virtual Farm to Table: Potatoes Aug 3, 2020 4H-919NP
Virginia Virtual Farm to Table: Herbs Aug 19, 2020 4H-920
Virginia Virtual Farm to Table: Greenhouse and Nursery Ornamentals Oct 27, 2020 4H-934NP
Virginia Virtual Farm to Table: Pumpkins Oct 26, 2020 4H-937NP
Pepper Maggot in Sweet (Bell) Pepper Apr 1, 2019 444-005 (ENTO-309NP)
Diamondback Moth Nov 27, 2018 444-007 (ENTO-293NP)
Colorado Potato Beetle Nov 27, 2018 444-012 (ENTO-292NP)
Fall Armyworm in Vegetable Crops Mar 18, 2019 444-015 (ENTO-311NP)
Asparagus Beetles Sep 27, 2017 444-620 (ENTO-243NP)
Anthracnose on Snap Beans
Anthracnose is a major disease of the common snap bean (Phaseolus vulgaris) and can occur on other legumes. It is caused by the fungus Colletotrichum lindemuthianum. When environmental conditions are favorable, crop losses can be as high as 100 percent on susceptible cultivars of snap beans.
Jul 30, 2019 450-719 (SPES-157NP)
Pest Management Guide: Field Crops, 2021 Feb 15, 2021 456-016 (ENTO-398P)
Pest Management Guide: Horticultural and Forest Crops, 2021 Feb 15, 2021 456-017 (ENTO-399P)
2020-2021 Mid-Atlantic Commercial Vegetable Production Recommendations
This guide lists vegetable varieties that are available and are adapted to the mid-Atlantic region, gives an overview of cultural practices, and list chemicals recommended to manage pests, diseases and weeds in vegetable crops. New varieties of vegetables are constantly being developed throughout the world. While all efforts are made to have comprehensive lists, not all varieties that are adapted will be listed.
Mar 9, 2020 456-420 (SPES-193P)
User Notes for Small-scale Virginia Commercial Hops Production Enterprise Budgets and Financial Statements Feb 26, 2019 AAEC-170NP
Production and Economic Considerations for Fresh Market Edamame in Southwest Virginia Jul 15, 2019 AAEC-188P
Online Ordering Options for Farm Sales during and after the COVID-19 Pandemic Sep 23, 2020 AAEC-233NP
The Basics of Hardwood-Log Shiitake Mushroom Production and Marketing Jun 17, 2020 ANR-102P(ANR-329P)
Southeastern U.S. 2020 Vegetable Crop Handbook
New varieties and strains of particular varieties of vegetables are constantly being developed throughout the world. Since it is impossible to list and describe all of them, only some of the better performing commercial types are listed in the specific crop section, either alphabetically or in order of relative maturity from early to late. These varieties are believed to be suitable for commercial production under most conditions.
Jun 30, 2020 AREC-66NP (SPES-218NP)
Irrigation Scheduling in Humid Climates Using the Checkbook Method Jan 30, 2019 BSE-239P
Internationalizing the Land Grant Mission: Lessons from Senegal Mar 20, 2018 CSES-207P
Diagnosing stink bug injury to vegetables
In the mid-Atlantic U.S. vegetable crops are attacked by several different stink bug species (1). The primary pest species include: the invasive brown marmorated stink bug (BMSB), Halyomorpha halys, which has become the dominant species in most landscapes (2), brown stink bug, Euschistus servus Say, which is the most common species attacking tomatoes; green stink bug, Chinavia hilaris Say (3); and harlequin bug, Murgantia histrionica, which is primarilly a pest of brassica vegetables only (4). All stink bugs are piercing sucking feeders that insert their stylets into the fruit, pods, buds, leaves, and stems of plants.
Nov 13, 2015 ENTO-173NP
Survey of Pest Management Practices of Virginia Sweet Corn Growers – 2017 Dec 5, 2017 ENTO-248NP
Corn earworm monitoring in commercial sweet corn fields in Virginia – 2017 Mar 5, 2018 ENTO-266NP
Flea Beetles Attacking Brassica Plants in Virginia Mar 27, 2018 ENTO-267NP
Food Safety Modernization Act Produce Safety Rule: Worker Health, Hygiene and Training Jun 5, 2017 FST-278NP
Assessing On-Farm Produce Safety Risks: Performing a Hazard Analysis Jan 20, 2022 FST-400NP
Assessing On-Farm Produce Safety Risks: General Practices Jan 20, 2022 FST-401NP
Assessing On-Farm Produce Safety Risks: Pre-Plant Stage Jan 20, 2022 FST-402NP
Assessing On-Farm Produce Safety Risks: Harvest Stage Jan 20, 2022 FST-404NP
Assessing On-Farm Produce Safety Risks: Post-Harvest Handling Stage Jan 20, 2022 FST-405NP
Assessing On-Farm Produce Safety Risks: Preparing for GAP Certification Jan 20, 2022 FST-406NP
Hops in Virginia: Need-to-Know Information about Extension Resources Jan 24, 2018 HORT-182NP (HORT-287NP)
Hops in Virginia: Need-to-Know Information about the Industry
Background: Hops were grown in Virginia even in the days of Thomas Jefferson, but production eventually shifted away from the east coast in favor of the Pacific Northwest. For the past few decades, hops have not been grown commercially on a substantial level in Virginia. However, beginning several years ago when the craft brewing industry surged, renewed interest in hops production led to a rapid increase in the number of hobby and commercial hops growers. A fall 2014 survey showed approximately 50 growers in the state, but as of 2015 many new growers have been added to the ranks. Much of the production is clustered in Northern Virginia and the I-81 and I-64 corridors, but growers can be found in all regions of the state stretching from Southeast to Southwest Virginia.
Jan 24, 2018 HORT-183NP (HORT-288NP)
Vertical Gardening Using Trellises, Stakes, and Cages
Vertical gardening is the practice of “gardening up,” in which a variety of structures are used to elevate plant growth to take advantage of vertical space. Vertical gardening is well-suited to urban areas where space is limited and gardeners are interested in using space most efficiently. Balconies, decks, patios, windowsills, fence lines, and backyard gardens are excellent places to practice vertical gardening. This publication will describe the use of vertical gardening techniques to get the most out of growing vegetables and other plants in these small spaces.
Jun 17, 2020 HORT-189NP
Evaluation of Blackberry Varieties in Virginia
Blackberries (Rubus spp.) are of interest among strawberry and vegetable growers in Virginia looking to diversify their crops. Including blackberries in farm plans could allow these growers to keep their farms and pick-your-own activities open to customers for a longer duration, increasing agritourism and sales; however, Virginia growers lack information on blackberry varieties that perform well in the state.
Oct 7, 2016 HORT-226P
GAPs and FSMA – an Overview for Hop Growers in Virginia
Food safety is a hot topic for hop growers and brewers. With multiple acronyms for various practices, standards, and regulations: GAPs, FSMA, PSR, PCR, and more; the confusion is understandable. Let’s examine where the small-acreage hop grower fits in. This fact sheet serves as an orientation to these standards,regulations, and practices as they may apply to hops; it is in no way a complete set of guidelines or substitute for training.
Dec 20, 2016 HORT-237NP
A Guide to the Good Agricultural Practices (GAP) Certification Process Jan 24, 2018 HORT-252NP (HORT-285NP)
Guide to Identifying Food Safety Hazards in Greenhouse Systems
According to the United States Department of Agriculture 2012 Census of Agriculture, sales from greenhouse-grown food crops equaled around $800 million in the U.S. Crops grown included tomatoes, lettuce, cucumbers, peppers, and berries, with hydroponic production operations making up about 64% of the total production (cwt) (USDA Census of Agriculture, 2012). Demand for greenhouse-grown produce continues to increase, providing growers with unique opportunities to tap into this expanding market. Although greenhouse systems provide a more protected environment than field-grown systems, it is important to understand the unique food safety risks and possible sources of contamination when growing produce in these systems. Identifying food safety hazards are necessary to implementing practices that reduce the risk of contamination during the pre-plant, production, harvest, and post-harvest handling stages. Use the checklist below to guide you in asking important questions targeting possible risks at each of the greenhouse system stages.
Jul 10, 2017 HORT-254NP
Accessing Virginia’s Regional Wholesale Market Sector: Fresh Produce Food Safety Considerations Nov 17, 2017 HORT-271NP
Accessing Virginia’s Market Sectors: Fresh Produce Purchasing Considerations Nov 17, 2017 HORT-272NP
Accessing Virginia’s Retail Market Sector: Fresh Produce Food Safety Considerations Nov 27, 2017 HORT-273NP
Accessing Virginia’s Restaurant Market Sector: Fresh Produce Food Safety Considerations Nov 17, 2017 HORT-274NP
Accessing Virginia’s Public School (K-12) Market Sector: Fresh Produce Food Safety Considerations Nov 27, 2017 HORT-275NP
Accessing Virginia’s Hospital Market Sector: Fresh Produce Food Safety Considerations Nov 27, 2017 HORT-276NP
Accessing Virginia’s Direct-to-Consumer Market Sector: Fresh Produce Food Safety Considerations Nov 27, 2017 HORT-277NP
Accessing Virginia’s College & University Market Sector: Fresh Produce Food Safety Considerations Nov 27, 2017 HORT-278NP
Accessing Virginia Market Sectors: Establishing a Marketing Perspective Nov 27, 2017 HORT-279NP
Sweetpotato Production and Variety Performance in Southeast Virginia, 2015-2016 May 8, 2018 HORT-282P
Low Tunnels in Vegetable Crops: Beyond Season Extension May 30, 2018 HORT-291P
Results for the 2017 VSU Blueberry Variety Field Trial Mar 20, 2019 SPES-108NP
Leaching Fraction: A Tool to Schedule Irrigation for Container-Grown Nursery Crops Jun 11, 2019 SPES-128P
Most Troublesome Pumpkin Diseases in Virginia May 28, 2019 SPES-140NP
Considerations for Producers Seeking Market Access to Schools Jun 11, 2019 SPES-145NP
Common Fertilizers Used in Virginia: Nitrogen, Phosphorus and Potassium Apr 7, 2020 SPES-199NP
Common Fertilizers Used in Virginia: Secondary and Micronutrients Apr 10, 2020 SPES-200NP
Conversion Factors Needed for Common Fertilizer Calculations Apr 29, 2020 SPES-201NP
2020 Virginia Tech Eastern Shore AREC Virtual Research Field Day Aug 17, 2020 SPES-239NP(SPES-243NP)
Biofortification: Creating a Healthier Food Supply Nov 23, 2020 SPES-267P
Lime: Common Soil Additives to Raise Soil pH in Virginia Feb 16, 2021 SPES-298NP
Fresh Hops Harvesting and Handling Tips Jun 29, 2018 SPES-43NP
Frost/Freeze Protection in Strawberry Aug 27, 2018 SPES-56NP
Irrigation Considerations for Commercial Hop Producers Mar 7, 2019 SPES-95P