Resources by David Close
|Winterizing the Water Garden||
Water gardens require maintenance throughout the year. Preparation for the winter months is especially important for the survival of both the aquatic plants and the wildlife in and around the pond. Some plants will not tolerate winter weather and must be removed from the pond while cold-hardy plants need only to be completely immersed in the pond. Debris such as leaves and dying plants must be removed, especially if there are fish in the pond. Fall is the time to take action. Prepare the pond for the winter months by managing the plants, cleaning the pond, and monitoring the water conditions. If treated properly, many aquatic plants and wildlife can survive in the water garden for years.
|Mar 1, 2020||426-042 (SPES-261P)|
|Urban Water-Quality Management: Wildlife in the Home Pond Garden||
Small home pond gardens support aquatic plants and also attract a variety of wildlife. Turtles, frogs, birds, snakes, lizards, and raccoons as well as many other animals may use these ponds. Most wildlife needs water to survive and will seek out ponds for drinking, bathing, habitat, and in some cases, reproduction.
|Sep 2, 2020||426-045 (HORT-126P)|
|Backyard Wildlife Habitats||Oct 28, 2020||426-070 (SPES-247P)|
|Patriotic Gardens: How to Plant a Red, White and Blue Garden||Jul 9, 2020||426-210 (HORT-185)|
|America's Anniversary Garden: A Statewide Corridor and Entrance Enhancement Program||Jul 9, 2020||426-211 (HORT-186P)|
|Seed For The Garden||Apr 8, 2022||426-316 (SPES-392P)|
|Fertilizing the Vegetable Garden||
The amount of fertilizer to apply to a garden depends on the natural fertility of the soil, the amount of organic matter present, the type of fertilizer used, and the crop being grown. The best way to determine fertilizer needs is to have the soil tested. Soil testing is available through your local Extension agent, through private labs, and with soil test kits which can be purchased from garden shops and catalogs.
|Jan 14, 2021||426-323 (SPES-295P)|
|Leafy Green Vegetables||
Lettuce, a cool-season vegetable crop, is one of the easiest to grow. Lettuce withstands light frost; however, sunlight and high summer temperatures usually cause seedstalk formation (bolting) and bitter flavor. Slow-bolting or heat-resistant varieties are available and are recommended for extending the lettuce-growing season.
|Mar 16, 2015||426-408 (SPES-253P)|
|Sprouting Seeds for Food||Apr 6, 2022||426-419 (SPES-394P)|
|The Art of Bonsai||Oct 7, 2020||426-601 (SPES-246P)|
|Selecting Landscape Plants: Rare and Unusual Trees||
There are many tree species that can be successfully grown in Virginia, but are rarely seen in our landscapes. Although not ordinarily recommended or readily available, these trees may be useful to carry out a specific landscape theme, to substitute for an exotic type which is not locally adapted, or may be prized for unusual form, flowers, fruits, bark, or foliage.
|May 19, 2021||426-604 (SPES-320P)|
|Selecting Landscape Plants: Flowering Trees||May 19, 2021||426-611 (SPES-321P)|
|The Value of Landscaping||
Landscaping is an integral part of our culture and plays an essential role in the quality of our environment, affecting our economic well-being and our physical and psychological health. If we are to keep our communities strong and prosperous, we must take responsibility for our environment.
|Sep 23, 2022||426-721 (SPES-404)|
|Fertilizing Landscape Trees and Shrubs||
Maintenance programs should be developed for trees and shrubs in both residential and commercial landscapes. A good maintenance program includes monitoring and controlling insect and disease problems, suppressing weed competition, and making timely applications of water, mulch, and fertilizer. Tree and shrub fertilization is especially important in urban and suburban areas of Virginia where soils have been altered due to construction. These urban soils tend to be heavily compacted, poorly aerated, poorly drained, and low in organic matter. Even where soils have not been affected, fertilization may be needed as part of a maintenance program to increase plant vigor or to improve root or top growth.
|Jul 12, 2021||430-018 (HORT-120P)|
|Trees for Problem Landscape Sites -- Air Pollution||Aug 10, 2020||430-022 (HORT-123P)|
|24 Ways to Kill a Tree||
Few residential trees die of “old age.” Mechanical damage and improper tree care kill more trees than any insects or diseases. Avoid making the tree-damaging mistakes shown in the diagram below. Few of these items alone would kill a tree, but multiple problems will certainly stress, and could eventually kill, a tree.
|Mar 9, 2021||430-210 (SPES-307P)|
|Pruning Crapemyrtles||Apr 19, 2022||430-451 (SPES-387P)|
|Teaching Tips and Techniques: A Dialogue Learning Approach||
Volunteer teachers are important to Virginia Cooperative Extension (VCE). Volunteers convey information on a variety of topics by teaching or assisting with programs. Although there are many methods for delivering content, this publication will focus on a selection of teaching techniques to foster dialogue.
|Jul 17, 2023||FST-284NP (FST-452NP)|
|For the Birds, Butterflies & Hummingbirds: Creating Inviting Habitats||May 13, 2020||HORT-59NP (HORT-74NP)|
|Emerald Ash Borer||
The emerald ash borer (Agrilus planipennis Fairmaire) is a wood-boring beetle native to eastern Asia and is now considered the most destructive forest pest ever seen in North America. Since its discovery in Michigan in 2002, it has killed tens of millions of native ash (Fraxinus spp.) trees in the United States and Canada. This destruction has already cost municipalities, property owners, and businesses tens of millions of dollars in damages.
|May 10, 2020||HORT-69NP|