Resources for Virginia Cooperative Extension Unit Office

Title Available As Summary Date ID Author
Safe Brown Bag Lunches*
Keep your brown bag lunch safe by using this information to see which foods in your lunch should be kept cold.
Jun 17, 2020 2806-7003 (FST-203NP)
Measuring Site Index
Site index (SI) is a measurement commonly used by foresters to describe the productivity of a site. Typically this measurement is used to describe sites growing well-stocked even-aged forests. Site index is the average height of the dominant1 and codominant2 trees on the site, at a given age (base age). Typically, the base age for hardwoods and white pine in Virginia is 50 years, while the base age for loblolly pine is 25 years. For example, a SI of 75, base age 50, means that the average height of the dominant and codominant trees on a site will be 75 feet when they are 50 years old (SI50=75). The higher the SI, the higher the site productivity (trees will grow faster than on a site with a lower SI).
Apr 30, 2020 2812-1028 (CNRE-96NP)
Pocket Spending Guide
For many people, the temptation to overspend is hardest to resist when they are out at a store or restaurant. Because their spending and savings plan (budget) is at home in a drawer, the information they need to make a good spending decision isn’t available. One way to help yourself stick to your plan is to keep your information in your pocket, wallet or purse. The example below shows how to set up a pocket spending guide. By filling it out and keeping it with you, you can easily see at any time how much money you have available to spend in each category. A pocket spending guide will help you adjust your spending plan to make your money go where you really want it to go.
Sep 8, 2020 2901-7018 (AAEC-229NP)
ENERGY SERIES: What about the Air Conditioning System?
As you begin the process of selecting the most efficient air conditioning system for your home, investigate the critical issues of system size, placement, installation, and contractor experience. Your goal is to obtain an efficient system by: sizing the system for the specific cooling load of your home; selecting and properly installing the thermostats or controls; designing a ductwork system to deliver the correct amount of conditioned air to each space; and sealing and insulating all ductwork.
Feb 3, 2020 2901-9001 (BSE-289NP)
ENERGY SERIES: What About Using Ceiling Fans?
Ceiling fans create a breeze, so room occupants feel cooler and more comfortable. With a ceiling fan running, you can raise the thermostat setting by 2 to 4 degrees during the cooling season with no reduction in comfort. Increasing the room temperature by even two degrees can cut your cooling costs 4 to 6%.
Mar 26, 2020 2901-9002 (BSE-290NP)
ENERGY SERIES: What About the Ductwork?
Air distribution or duct systems are designed to supply rooms with air that is “conditioned”—that is, heated or cooled by the heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) equipment—and to recirculate or return the same volume of air back to the HVAC equipment. Your duct system has two main air transfer systems: 1) supply, and 2) return. The supply side delivers the conditioned air to the home through individual room registers. The return side picks up inside air and delivers it to the air handler of your central system where heat and moisture are either removed or added and then delivered to the supply side. All of the air drawn into the return duct(s) is conditioned and should be delivered back through the supply registers.
Apr 3, 2020 2901-9003 (BSE-291NP)
ENERGY SERIES: What about the Heating System?
The efficiency of a gas (natural or propane) or oil furnace is measured by the Annual Fuel Utilization Efficiency (AFUE), which describes the heat produced from the energy used. This rating takes into consideration losses from pilot lights, start-up, and stopping. For example, a furnace with an AFUE rating of 80 converts 80% of the fuel it burns into usable heat. New furnaces usually rate in the mid-70s to low 80s, whereas older furnaces will be in the 50s or 60s. ENERGY STAR® qualified oil and gas furnaces have annual fuel utilization efficiency (AFUE) ratings of 83% and 90%, or higher, making them up to 15% more efficient than standard models. Unlike the Seasonal Energy Efficiency Ratio (SEER) and Heating Season Performance Factor (HSPF) ratings, the AFUE does not consider the unit’s electricity use for fans and blowers.
May 12, 2020 2901-9005 (BSE-292NP)
ENERGY SERIES: What about Insulation?
Insulation is rated in terms of thermal resistance, called R-value, which indicates the resistance to heat flow. Although insulation can slow heat flow—conduction, convection and radiation—its greatest impact is on conduction.
Apr 14, 2020 2901-9006 (BSE-293NP)
ENERGY SERIES: What about the Laundry Area?
The laundry room can be a big consumer of energy—more than 1,000 kilowatt-hours (kWh) a year—and water—and a big producer of unwanted heat and humidity in the summer. It makes good sense to think about both the location and the appliances in it if you want to run an energy-efficient laundry. And there are new washers and dryers on the market now that make it easier than ever to do so.
Mar 25, 2020 2901-9007 (BSE-294NP)
ENERGY SERIES: What about Mold?
Mold has received a lot of attention of late because of high profile lawsuits and television news broadcasts that have highlighted the potential hazards and liabilities associated with indoor mold. What is mold? Molds, along with mildews, yeasts, and mushrooms, all belong to the kingdom fungi. Fungi are unicellular or multicellular organisms that primarily use absorption as a means to obtain energy from their environment, unlike green plants, which use chlorophyll to obtain energy from sunlight. The term “mold” describes unwanted visible fungal growth. “Mildew” is fungi that grows on fabrics or that causes plant disease. The term “yeast” is fungi that are unicellular when cultured.
Mar 26, 2020 2901-9008 (BSE-295NP)
ENERGY SERIES: What about the Water Heater?
Heating water is the third largest energy expense in your home, after heating and cooling the entire space; and, it can account for 15-25% of your utility bill. It’s not hard to see why a family of four, each taking a 5-minute shower a day under inefficient showerheads, can use 700 gallons of water in a week representing a 3-year supply of drinking water for one person! There are several ways to cut down the amount you spend on heating water: a) insulate your water heater and pipes; b) reduce the amount of hot water you use; and c) turn down the thermostat on your water heater.
Mar 24, 2020 2901-9009 (BSE-296NP)
ENERGY SERIES: What about Windows?
The National Fenestration Rating Council (NFRC) offers a voluntary testing and certification program for thermal performance for windows and residential door products with glass. The NFRC does not conduct structural characteristics, such as impact-resistance, but rather serves as a complementary program that can test the whole window (including frame) for the following characteristics: U-Factor, Solar Heat Gain Coefficient (SHGC), Visible Transmittance, Air Leakage, and Condensation Resistance (see sample NFRC label) .
Mar 20, 2020 2901-9010 (BSE-297NP)
ENERGY SERIES: What Are the Differences Between Mobile and Modular Homes?
Mobile and modular homes are factory-built and generally differ in how much of the construction occurs at the factory. The greater the work at the factory, the less labor is needed where the home will be located.
Mar 20, 2020 2901-9011 (BSE-298NP)
ENERGY SERIES: What Can Builders Do to Help Prevent Moisture Problems in New Construction?
Buildings should be designed and built to provide comfortable and healthy levels of relative humidity. They should also prevent both liquid water from migrating through building components and water vapor from being trapped in building assemblies, like walls.
Feb 26, 2020 2901-9012 (BSE-299NP)
ENERGY SERIES: What Does the Shape of the House Have to Do With Energy Efficiency?
In a home, heat energy is transferred among all materials and substances that are of different temperatures—within the building materials, inside the building itself, and outside the building envelope. The term “building envelope” refers to all of the external building materials, windows, and walls that enclose the internal space. Heat moves only when there is a difference in temperature, and it always moves from the warm side to the cool side. Heat will continue to “flow” until any touching materials reach the same temperature. However, we usually want the inside of a home to have a different temperature from the outside.
Feb 12, 2020 2901-9013 (BSE-300NP)
ENERGY SERIES: Estimating Appliance and Home Electronic Energy Use
If you're trying to decide whether to invest in a more energy-efficient appliance or if you'd like to determine your electricity loads, you may want to estimate appliance energy consumption.
Feb 26, 2020 2901-9014 (BSE-301NP)
ENERGY SERIES: What about Appliances?
When shopping for appliances, remember that there are actually three prices to consider. The first is the one everyone considers: the purchase price. The second price is for repairs and maintenance. The third price is often forgotten, but equally important: the operating cost of the appliance. Operating cost depends on the cost of fuel (kilowatt-hour, cubic foot, therm, etc.) in your region, how much you use the appliance as well as the way you use it, and the overall energy efficiency of the appliance. Operating cost shows up on your utility bill each month for the life of the appliance. Your refrigerator, for example, may operate effectively for 15–20 years and your dishwasher for about 10 years. You'll need to consider how any given appliance will affect your utility usage.
Feb 25, 2020 2908-9015 (BSE-302NP)
ENERGY SERIES: What about the Bathroom?
Did you know the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) estimates that private homes account for more than 20 percent of the energy and about 55 percent of publicly supplied water consumed in the United States? We all know that we can save water if we just turn off the tap while brushing our teeth. We also know that when we reduce the amount of hot water used we also decrease the energy needed to heat the water. But, did you know there are products that can help you save water even when you have to use water?
Feb 12, 2020 2908-9016 (BSE-303NP)
ENERGY SERIES: What about Caulking and Weather-Stripping?
The greatest source of wasted heating and cooling energy in a home is air leaks. If you have a pair of 6' 8" exterior doors in your home that do not have weather-stripping, you can easily have an opening of ¼" all along the edge where the doors meet. This ¼" gap adds up to a 20-square-inch opening to the outside. If you saw a hole this big in your wall, wouldn’t you want it fixed?
Mar 26, 2020 2908-9017 (BSE-304NP)
ENERGY SERIES: What about Dishwashers?
It may come as a surprise that washing a load of dishes in the dishwasher uses less water than doing the same number of dishes by hand. (Dishwashers also do a better job of killing germs, because they use hotter water than you would normally use if washing by hand.) For each cycle, an ENERGYSTAR qualified dishwasher model uses about 4 gallons of water; a non-qualified model uses about 6 gallons.
Feb 24, 2020 2908-9018 (BSE-305NP)
ENERGY SERIES:What about House Design and Room Location?
While a good heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) system and other energy saving features can provide you with a comfortable indoor environment, it is even more efficient to prevent heat from entering the house in the first place. By designing a house with the right shape and orientation, and strategically locating rooms, you can save on energy costs for cooling and heating. If renting or purchasing, look for these same features in an existing home.
Feb 17, 2020 2908-9019 (BSE-306NP)
ENERGY SERIES: What about Moisture?
Air is made up of a mixture of gases including oxygen, nitrogen, and carbon dioxide. It also contains water vapor—water in the form of a gas. The temperature of the air determines how much water vapor it can hold: warm air can hold more than cool air. When the air is saturated, it cannot hold any more, and any extra water vapor will condense into liquid form.
Feb 24, 2020 2908-9020 (BSE-307NP)
ENERGY SERIES: What about Radiant Barriers?
Reflective insulation systems are made from aluminum foils with a variety of backings such as roof sheathing, kraft paper, plastic film, cardboard, bubble wrap, etc. The resistance to heat flow depends on the direction of heat flow with this type of insulation most effective in reducing downward heat flow and requiring an air space next to the reflective side. Reflective systems are usually located between roof rafters, floor joists, or wall studs. Reflective insulation placed in walls or on the attic floor must be perforated to allow water vapor to pass through it.
Feb 14, 2020 2908-9021 (BSE-308NP)
ENERGY SERIES: What about Refrigerators and Freezers?
Your refrigerator is the only appliance that works continuously in your home 24 hours a day. In most households, the refrigerator is the single biggest energy consuming kitchen appliance. According to ENERGY STAR, replacing a refrigerator bought in 1990 with a new ENERGY STAR qualified model can save enough to pay for lighting an average household for nearly four months.
Feb 14, 2020 2908-9022 (BSE-309NP)
ENERGY SERIES: What about the Roof?
Roofing is more than shingles, tile, or metal. A roof system consists of several components, properly assembled to provide the appropriate shelter for a structure. These include structural elements, moisture barriers, and possibly insulation or ventilation.
Feb 12, 2020 2908-9023 (BSE-310NP)
ENERGY SERIES: What about Ventilation?
“Ventilation” is “the natural or mechanical process of supplying conditioned or unconditioned air to, or removing air from, any space.” “Infiltration” is the uncontrolled leakage of air through cracks and gaps in the building envelope, especially around windows and doors. Infiltration deals with uncontrolled situations. In our homes we want to be able to control air movement.
Feb 12, 2020 2908-9024 (BSE-311NP)
ENERGY SERIES: What is the Whole-House Systems Approach to Energy Efficiency?
The whole-house systems approach looks at the entire house as an energy system with interdependent parts. Like a human body, when one part functions poorly it affects the performance of the entire system. For instance, the benefits of an energy-efficient air conditioner are lessened when a duct system leaks, windows don’t close tightly, the attic is uninsulated, and humid summer breezes are drifting in under the door.
Feb 12, 2020 2908-9025 (BSE-312NP)
Tools to More Efficiently Manage In-Season Corn Nitrogen Needs Nov 16, 2018 2909-1410 (SPES-80NP)
Effects of Twin-Row Spacing on Corn Silage Growth Development and Yield in the Shenandoah Valley Nov 16, 2018 3003-1440 (SPES-79NP)
Soybean Rust Incidence and the Response of Soybeans to Fungicides in 2009 Dec 21, 2010 3012-1520
Agritourism: Ideas and Resources Sep 20, 2018 310-004 (AAEC-160NP)
Preparing for an Emergency: The Smart Thing to Do
Preparing for emergencies is not new. Your grandparents probably have extra supplies, such as: soap and shampoo in the bathroom closets, onions and potatoes stored in the basement, and canned goods on pantry shelves in their home. They understood the value of having a little extra on hand in case of emergencies.
May 11, 2020 3104-1590 (VCE-1020)
Freezing Fruits and Vegetables Jan 9, 2019 348-596
Virginia 4-H Beef Heifer Project Junior Record Book Jun 27, 2013 4H-140P
Virginia 4-H Beef Heifer Project Senior Record Book Jul 1, 2013 4H-141P
Virginia 4-H Market Beef Project Junior Record Book Aug 23, 2013 4H-142P
Virginia 4-H Market Beef Project Senior Record Book Aug 27, 2013 4H-143P
Virginia 4-H Market Goat Project Junior Record Book Aug 27, 2013 4H-144P
Virginia 4-H Market Goat Project Senior Record Book Aug 27, 2013 4H-145P
Virginia 4-H Market Hog Project Junior Record Book Aug 27, 2013 4H-146P
Virginia 4-H Market Hog Project Senior Record Book Aug 27, 2013 4H-147P
Virginia 4-H Market Lamb Project Junior Record Book Aug 27, 2013 4H-148P
Virginia 4-H Market Lamb Project Senior Record Book Aug 27, 2013 4H-149P
Virginia 4-H Sheep Flock Project Junior Record Book Sep 30, 2013 4H-150P
Virginia 4-H Sheep Flock Project Senior Record Book Sep 27, 2013 4H-151P
Express Yourself! Public Speaking and Presentations Jun 27, 2013 388-028 (4H-160NP)
Teen Leadership and Development Fact Sheets: Preparing Teens for Opportunities Beyond the Local Level
Virginia 4-H offers a wide variety of opportunities beyond the local level that enable teens to develop the knowledge, skills, attitudes, and aspirations needed for success. However, before we involve teens in opportunities such as State 4-H Cabinet, State 4-H Congress, Virginia 4-H All Stars, Citizenship Washington Focus, National 4-H Congress, and National 4-H Conference, we — as 4-H professionals — must be sure the teens are adequately prepared for such ventures. This fact sheet provides tips on how to prepare your teens for district, state, national, and international 4-H opportunities.
Feb 14, 2020 4H-283P (4H-880P)
Teen Leadership and Development Fact Sheets: Recruitment and Retention of Teens
Often, society hears negative reports related to teens — for example, 51 percent cheated on a test in the last year (Josephson Institute of Ethics 2012) — and the lack of positive opportunities provided for teens contributes to these statistics. Research shows that when teens are engaged in long-term, positive opportunities with caring adults, they are more likely to be academically productive in high school and to graduate (Lerner et al. 2011). 4-H Youth Development provides the longitudinal opportunities and caring adults who promote positive outcomes for teens. However, the recruitment and retention of teen 4-H members is often difficult because of family and community factors. While these factors may inhibit positive teen opportunities, there are other factors that can help overcome the barriers.
Jun 18, 2014 4H-284P
General Horse Information Agents Need To Know Apr 20, 2020 4H-308 (4H-887NP)
Teen Leadership and Development Fact Sheets: Working Effectively With Teen Volunteers Oct 2, 2020 4H-510P
4-H Animal Science Financial Record Keeping Lessons
This is the first in a series of six lessons that focus on 4-H livestock financial record keeping. It discusses the importance of matching your livestock project animal with your farm’s facilities. This activity will help members learn to set and achieve goals in their animal projects. The discussion about the factors to consider and the questions to ask themselves will help members answer the questions in the project planning section of the record book.
Feb 22, 2022 4H-540P
4-H Member Record Book - Novice Apr 4, 2022 4H-689NP
4-H Member Record Book • Experienced Junior Apr 4, 2022 4H-690NP
4-H Member Record Book • Experienced Senior Apr 4, 2022 4H-691NP
Table Setting Contest Scoresheet
Kari Sponaugle,Associate Extension Agent, 4-H Youth Development Kelly Mallory, Associate Extension Agent, 4-H Madison Coop Extension Service Kaci Daniel, Extension Agent, 4-H Youth DevelopmentKari Sponaugle,Associate Extension Agent, 4-H Youth Development Kelly Mallory, Associate Extension Agent, 4-H Madison Coop Extension Service Kaci Daniel, Extension Agent, 4-H Youth Development
Jul 27, 2017 4H-719NP (4H-766NP)
Virginia 4-H Horse Project Junior Record Book Feb 26, 2018 406-122 (4H-694P)
Virginia 4-H Horse Project Senior Record Book Dec 19, 2018 406-123 (4H-837P)
Survival Guide for 4-H Leaders May 1, 2009 406-130
4H Forestry Tree Planting Project Book Jan 8, 2019 420-025
Skidder Safety and Efficiency: A Discussion Leader's Guide Mar 24, 2020 420-122 (BSE-288P)
Exotic Invasive Plants
Invasive exotic species are plants that are not native to a given area and have the ability to out-compete indigenous plant species. Invasive exotics are often brought into their non-native surroundings by humans with good intentions.
Apr 29, 2020 420-320 (CNRE-105NP)
Invasive Exotic Plant Species: Autumn Olive (Elaeagnus umbellata)
Autumn olive was introduced to the U.S. from Japan and China in 1830. It was originally planted for wildlife habitat, shelterbelts, and mine reclamation, but has escaped cultivation. It is dispersed most frequently by birds and other wildlife, which eat the berries.
Apr 28, 2020 420-321 (CNRE-97P)
Invasive Exotic Plant Species: Honeysuckle (Lonicera spp.)
Several species of Asian honeysuckle have been introduced in the United States for their ornamental and wildlife values. Honeysuckle is perhaps the most widespread exotic invasive in the U.S., now found in at least 38 states. The Asian honeysuckle produces abundant seeds which are dispersed by birds and other wildlife. It also spreads by sprouting from its roots. Because it tolerates shade from other plants, it grows in forest understories.
Apr 1, 2020 420-323 (CNRE-95P)
Characteristics of Common Western Virginia Trees
Forest management is a complex process. Silviculture—a system in which healthy communities of trees and other vegetation are established and maintained for the benefit of people—uses forest ecology to guide complex management prescriptions that mimic forest disturbances and processes. Silvics—the natural characteristics of trees—play an important role in prescribing effective silviculture.
May 20, 2020 420-351 (ANR-118NP)
Nitrogen and Phosphorous Fertilization of Corn Mar 20, 2019 424-027
Fertilizer Types and Calculating Application Rates Aug 30, 2019 424-035
Tips for Profitable Variety Selection: How to Use Data From Different Types of Variety Trials Mar 29, 2019 424-040
Deep Tillage Prior to No-Till Corn: Research and Recommendations Mar 29, 2019 424-053
What Is a Watershed? Aug 29, 2018 426-041 (SPES-2P)
Rain Garden Plants
A rain garden is a landscaped area specially designed to collect rainfall and storm-water runoff. The plants and soil in the rain garden clean pollutants from the water as it seeps into the ground and evaporates back into the atmosphere. For a rain garden to work, plants must be selected, installed, and maintained properly.
Dec 21, 2018 426-043 (SPES-57P)
Poison Ivy: Leaves of three? Let it be! May 9, 2018 426-109 (HORT-292P)
Patriotic Gardens: How to Plant a Red, White and Blue Garden Jul 9, 2020 426-210 (HORT-185)
America's Anniversary Garden: A Statewide Corridor and Entrance Enhancement Program Jul 9, 2020 426-211 (HORT-186P)
Trees for Problem Landscape Sites -- Air Pollution Aug 10, 2020 430-022 (HORT-123P)
Aphids in Virginia Small Grains: Life Cycles, Damage and Control Mar 20, 2019 444-018 (ENTO-306NP)
Bluegrass Billbug Pest Management in Orchardgrass Feb 4, 2019 444-040
Hunting Billbug Pest Management in Orchardgrass Feb 4, 2019 444-041
Using Pitfall Traps to Monitor Insect Activity Feb 4, 2019 444-416
Soil Test Note 5: Fertilizing With Manures Aug 30, 2019 452-705
To Clear or Not To Clear -- That Is the Question
The economic and ecological considerations of clear cutting wooded acreage.
Mar 2, 2022 465-340 (CNRE-139P)
Farm Financial Risk Management Series Part II: Introduction of Financial Systems for New and Beginning Farmers
There are many factors to consider before starting a new farm enterprise. Financial management is an important component in the startup and decision-making processes for beginning farmers. The purpose of this series of publications is to inform Virginia agribusiness owners and managers about farm financial risk management tools, techniques, and resources available to help them prepare and use a financial systems approach for their operations.
Oct 19, 2016 AAEC-115P
Farm Financial Risk Management Series Part III: Introduction to Farm Planning Budgets for New and Beginning Farmers
There are many factors to consider before starting a new farm enterprise. Financial management is an important component in the startup and decision-making processes for beginning farmers. The purpose of this series of publications is to inform Virginia agribusiness owners and managers about farm financial risk management tools, techniques, and resources available to help them prepare and use a financial systems approach for their operations.
Oct 19, 2016 AAEC-116P
Introduction to Labor Issues for Beginning Farmers
There are many factors to consider before you start a new farm enterprise. Labor issues are often underemphasized in the decision-making processes of beginning farmers. It is important to consider who you will hire, where you will find help, how you will manage your employees, and what legal matters are relevant to your farm.
Mar 18, 2020 AEE-106NP (ALCE-186NP)
Successful Farm Startup for Beginners: Virginia Beginning Farmer and Rancher Coalition Program
Starting a farm is an exciting yet challenging opportunity. As with any new undertaking, there is a lot to think about before beginning a farm venture. Gaining access to farmland, viable markets, capital and credit, as well as hands-on training and resources are some of the most important startup issues to consider as part of the planning process. You are likely asking yourself, “Where do I begin?” The purpose of this resource is to help newcomers make informed decisions at the start of the planning process. This “quick guide” is primarily designed for beginning farmers and ranchers, but service providers will also find this resource useful for answering questions about the farm startup process. This foundational work offers a valuable starting point on which to create a successful whole farm plan for a new agricultural venture.
May 12, 2020 AEE-67P
Community, Local, and Regional Food Systems (CLRFS) Forum Report Oct 7, 2016 ALCE-156NP
Community, Local, and Regional Food Systems (CLRFS) Forum Executive Summary
Virginia’s food system directly impacts the survival and viability of farms and farmland; the economic development of rural and urban communities; the care, restoration, and resilience of ecological resources such as local waterways; and critical health issues. We use the language of community, local, and regional food systems to broadly define a complex and interconnected set of systems and pathways that comprise sustainable food production, processing, distribution, consumption, and waste management to bring about social, economic, and ecological change that benefits all residents.
Oct 7, 2016 ALCE-157NP
Welcome to the Woods! A Guide for New Virginia Woodland Owners
We all depend on and benefit from the woods every day, whether we know it or not. The trees, shrubs, plants, animals, and soil that make up your woods provide you, your neighbors, and your region with a host of environmental, social, and economic benefits.
Jul 16, 2020 ANR-136P(CNRE-110P)
So You Want To Sell Timber
Research into the attitudes and actions of private forest landowners shows that although very few own their forestland for the purpose of producing timber, most will sell timber at least once in their lifetimes. Private forest landowners sell timber for a variety of reasons that range from purely financial to solely for management purposes. Often landowners do not consider selling timber until they have an immediate need for cash. Other times the landowner has planned an immediate commercial thinning with a full timber harvest scheduled in 10 years. Whatever the reason(s) for a timber sale, careful consideration of objectives is paramount.
Dec 18, 2018 ANR-154P
Timber Selling Tips: Forestry Fact Sheet for Landowners
Timber harvesting is a valuable tool to help forest landowners realize certain financial and land management goals. Following are some suggestions to consider before selling timber.
Dec 18, 2018 ANR-155P
What is a Virginia Master Naturalist? Jan 20, 2017 ANR-242
Going To Market Jun 29, 2017 ANR-46NP (FST-273NP)
Late Blight of Tomato and Potato Nov 20, 2018 ANR-6 (SPES-72P)
Vineyard Financial Calculator
The Vineyard Financial Calculator is an educational tool that is useful for comparing the financial performance of different vineyard operational scenarios. This tool's intended user is an individual or organization exploring the financial requirements of vineyard establishment and operation in Virginia. The tool was designed to forecast the approximate pretax annual cash inflows and outflows of a vineyard − information required to build a business prospectus. Users can modify certain input variables, such as vineyard size and labor costs, as well as outputs, such as crop level, to tailor the projections to personal expectations. The VFC is only a predictive tool; actual results could vary from those predicted due to site conditions, variances in costs, or unanticipated gains or losses.
Mar 7, 2017 AREC-188NP
ENERGY SERIES: What about Landscaping and Energy Efficiency?
The design and management of a landscape can have a notable impact on household energy consumption. Throughout the history of civilization, people have altered their dwellings and landscapes to make them more comfortable and energy efficient.
Jul 1, 2020 BSE-145NP(BSE-334NP)
Direct Sales: Certifying Market Scales
Virginia farmers sell their produce through many venues including on-farm sales, farm stands, and farmers’ markets. Wherever the produce is sold, it must be sold by weight, count, head/bunch, or dry measure. If the produce is sold by weight, the produce will be weighed on scales that have been certified by the Virginia Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services Office of Weights and Measures.
May 28, 2020 CV-40NP
Emerald Ash Borer: Options for Landowners
Emerald ash borer (EAB) is found in all regions of Virginia. Some areas have established populations with a high level of ash tree mortality and other areas are seeing it for the first time. With a wider spread of infestation many homeowners are seeking methods to protect their ash trees.
Dec 17, 2019 ENTO-76NP (ENTO-343NP)
Hops in Virginia: Need-to-Know Information about Extension Resources Jan 24, 2018 HORT-182NP (HORT-287NP)
Hops in Virginia: Need-to-Know Information about the Industry
Background: Hops were grown in Virginia even in the days of Thomas Jefferson, but production eventually shifted away from the east coast in favor of the Pacific Northwest. For the past few decades, hops have not been grown commercially on a substantial level in Virginia. However, beginning several years ago when the craft brewing industry surged, renewed interest in hops production led to a rapid increase in the number of hobby and commercial hops growers. A fall 2014 survey showed approximately 50 growers in the state, but as of 2015 many new growers have been added to the ranks. Much of the production is clustered in Northern Virginia and the I-81 and I-64 corridors, but growers can be found in all regions of the state stretching from Southeast to Southwest Virginia.
Jan 24, 2018 HORT-183NP (HORT-288NP)
Vertical Gardening Using Trellises, Stakes, and Cages
Vertical gardening is the practice of “gardening up,” in which a variety of structures are used to elevate plant growth to take advantage of vertical space. Vertical gardening is well-suited to urban areas where space is limited and gardeners are interested in using space most efficiently. Balconies, decks, patios, windowsills, fence lines, and backyard gardens are excellent places to practice vertical gardening. This publication will describe the use of vertical gardening techniques to get the most out of growing vegetables and other plants in these small spaces.
Jun 17, 2020 HORT-189NP
GAPs and FSMA – an Overview for Hop Growers in Virginia
Food safety is a hot topic for hop growers and brewers. With multiple acronyms for various practices, standards, and regulations: GAPs, FSMA, PSR, PCR, and more; the confusion is understandable. Let’s examine where the small-acreage hop grower fits in. This fact sheet serves as an orientation to these standards,regulations, and practices as they may apply to hops; it is in no way a complete set of guidelines or substitute for training.
Dec 20, 2016 HORT-237NP
Virginia Boxwood Blight Task Force
To provide leadership in safeguarding and protecting the ornamental horticulture industry, historical gardens and landscape plantings from boxwood blight.
Jul 1, 2019 PPWS-30
Best Management Practices for Boxwood Blight in Virginia Production Nurseries WITHOUT Boxwood Blight Version 2, September 2016
This Best Management Practice document is a set of guidelines for home growers of landscape boxwood to avoid introduction of the boxwood blight pathogen into a landscape or, if the disease is already present in a landscape, to manage the disease in the most effective manner and avoid spread of the disease to new locations.
Jan 5, 2021 PPWS-33NP (PPWS-86NP)
Best Management Practices for Boxwood Blight for Greenery Producers
Best management practices for boxwood blight (also called “box blight”) for greenery producers are practices recommended to avoid the introduction and spread of boxwood blight, caused by the fungus Calonectria pseudonaviculata (syn. Cylindrocladium pseudonaviculatum). The recommendations in this document are designed to avoid spread of boxwood blight within a planting or to new locations when pruned tips are collected, sold and/or used for holiday greenery1. These recommendations are relevant to anyone involved in the greenery (“tipping”) industry, including small and large-scale greenery producers, home growers who sell boxwood tips, and people who tip-prune boxwood on other people’s property. Care must be taken at all levels of greenery production to prevent the spread of the boxwood blight pathogen and avoid economic losses associated with this disease.
Jan 6, 2021 PPWS-39NP (PPWS-95NP)
VCE Situational Analysis Checklist Jul 7, 2021 VCE-1049NP
Food Deserts in Virginia
In 2012, Delegate Delores McQuinn introduced House Joint Resolution 88 and then in 2013 reintroduced House Joint Resolution 646 to request that the Virginia General Assembly review the issue of food deserts in Virginia. The Honorable William Howell, Speaker of the House of Delegates of the Virginia General Assembly, commissioned Alan Grant, dean of the College of Agriculture and Life Sciences at Virginia Tech, and Jewel Hairston, dean of the College of Agriculture at Virginia State University, to conduct a study of food deserts in the Commonwealth of Virginia.
Jul 10, 2019 VCE-294
Basic First-Aid Supplies
Being Prepared helps families alleviate fears and reduce potential losses related to disasters. In the event of emergencies or disasters, injured people need to receive help within the first hour of the incident. Often family members and co-workers are the initial first responders. First-aid kits are a necessity for attending to victims and should be kept in homes, vehicles, schools and workplaces.
May 8, 2020 VCE-409NP
Biological & Chemical Terrorism
Terrorism is the use of force or violence against people or property in violation of the criminal laws of the United States for purposes of intimidation, coercion or ransom.
May 7, 2020 VCE-410NP
Child Emergency Preparedness
Children and Disasters: Disasters can leave children feeling frightened, confused and insecure. Children may respond to disaster by demonstrating fears, sadness or behavioral problems. Younger children may return to earlier behavior patterns, such as bedwetting, sleep problems and separation anxiety. Older children also may display anger, aggression, school problems or withdrawal. Some children who have only indirect contact with the disaster but witness it on television also may develop distress. Whether a child has personally experienced trauma, has merely seen the event on TV or has heard it discussed by adults, parents and teachers should be informed and ready to help if reactions to stress begin to occur.
May 8, 2020 VCE-411NP
Earthquakes
Earthquakes are sudden slips along a geological fault and the resulting ground shaking and radiated seismic energy caused by the slip or by volcanic activity or other sudden stress changes in the earth.
May 8, 2020 VCE-412NP
Floods
Floods are one of the most common hazards in the United States. A flood is defined as any high flow, overflow or inundation by water that causes or threatens damage. Flood effects can be local, impacting a neighborhood or community, or very large, affecting entire river basins and multiple states. Each year coastal, estuarine, riverine, overland and flash flooding places thousands of people, pets and livestock at risk of serious injury and death, and destroys property and infrastructure costing valued at billions of dollars.
May 7, 2020 VCE-413NP
Pet Preparedness
Pets often are an important part of people’s lives. If you are like many animal owners, your pet is an important member of your family. The likelihood that you and your animals will survive emergencies or disasters such as a fire, earthquake, flood, tornado or terrorist attack depends largely on emergency planning. Because animals can influence a person’s decision to take protective actions, understand how to manage animals in emergencies.Create fear among the public.
May 8, 2020 VCE-414NP
Tornadoes
Tornadoes are violently rotating columns of air with circulation that reaches the ground. Tornadoes usually start as a funnel cloud and are accompanied by a loud, roaring noise.
May 7, 2020 VCE-415NP
Preparing for an Emergency: Make a Family Emergency Kit
Preparing for emergencies is not new. Your grandparents probably have extra supplies, such as: soap and shampoo in the bathroom closets, onions and potatoes stored in the basement, and canned goods on pantry shelves in their home. They understood the value of having a little extra on hand in case of emergencies. All states and counties have experienced disasters. Virginian’s have experienced ice storms, thunder storms, tornadoes, hurricanes, floods, and power outages. It is wise to be prepared for the unexpected.
May 22, 2020 VCE-486NP (VCE-1021NP)
Situation Analysis Report: Accomack County, 2018 Aug 19, 2019 VCE-596-1NP (VCE-1002-1NP)
Situation Analysis Report: Bath County, 2018 Aug 19, 2019 VCE-596-10NP (VCE-1002-10NP)
Situation Analysis Report: Tazewell County, 2018 Aug 19, 2019 VCE-596-100NP (VCE-1002-100NP)
Situation Analysis Report: City of Virginia Beach, 2018
Virginia Cooperative Extension takes pride in the premise that vital programming is based on the issues, problems, and needs of the people. A thorough analysis of the situation provides context for understanding and addressing these problems. Each local office updates their situation analysis every 4-5 years. Click here to see the 2013 report.
Aug 19, 2019 VCE-596-101NP (VCE-1002-101NP)
Situation Analysis Report: Warren County, 2018
Virginia Cooperative Extension takes pride in the premise that vital programming is based on the issues, problems, and needs of the people. A thorough analysis of the situation provides context for understanding and addressing these problems. Each local office updates their situation analysis every 4-5 years. Click here to see the 2013 report.
Aug 19, 2019 VCE-596-102NP (VCE-1002-102NP)
Situation Analysis Report: Washington County, 2018 Sep 4, 2019 VCE-1002-103NP
Situation Analysis Report: Westmoreland County, 2018 Aug 20, 2019 VCE-596-104NP (VCE-1002-104NP)
Situation Analysis Report: Wise County, 2019
Virginia Cooperative Extension takes pride in the premise that vital programming is based on the issues, problems, and needs of the people. A thorough analysis of the situation provides context for understanding and addressing these problems. Each local office updates their situation analysis every 4-5 years. Click here to see the 2013 report.
Aug 20, 2019 VCE-596-105NP (VCE-1002-105NP)
Situation Analysis Report: Wythe County, 2018 Sep 4, 2019 VCE-1002-106NP
Situation Analysis Report: York County/City of Poquoson, 2018 Sep 4, 2019 VCE-1002-107NP
Situation Analysis Report: Bedford County, 2018
Virginia Cooperative Extension takes pride in the premise that vital programming is based on the issues, problems, and needs of the people. A thorough analysis of the situation provides context for understanding and addressing these problems. Each local office updates their situation analysis every 4-5 years.
Aug 20, 2019 VCE-596-11NP (VCE-1002-11NP)
Situation Analysis Report: Bland County, 2018 Aug 20, 2019 VCE-596-12NP (VCE-1002-12NP)
Situation Analysis Report: Brunswick County, 2018 Aug 20, 2019 VCE-596-14NP (VCE-1002-14NP)
Situation Analysis Report: Buchanan, 2018 Sep 3, 2019 VCE-1002-15NP
Situation Analysis Report: Buckingham County, 2018
Virginia Cooperative Extension takes pride in the premise that vital programming is based on the issues, problems, and needs of the people. A thorough analysis of the situation provides context for understanding and addressing these problems. Each local office updates their situation analysis every 4-5 years.
Aug 20, 2019 VCE-596-16NP (VCE-1002-16NP)
Situation Analysis Report: Campbell County, 2018 Sep 3, 2019 VCE-1002-17NP
Situation Analysis Report: Carroll County, 2018 Sep 3, 2019 VCE-1002-19NP
Situation Analysis Report: Albemarle County / City of Charlottesville, 2018 Aug 20, 2019 VCE-596-2NP (VCE-1002-2NP)
Situation Analysis Report: Charlotte County, 2018
Virginia Cooperative Extension takes pride in the premise that vital programming is based on the issues, problems, and needs of the people. A thorough analysis of the situation provides context for understanding and addressing these problems. Each local office updates their situation analysis every 4-5 years. Click here to see the 2013 report.
Aug 20, 2019 VCE-596-21NP (VCE-1002-21NP)
Situation Analysis Report: City of Chesapeake, 2018 Aug 20, 2019 VCE-596-22NP (VCE-1002-22NP)
Situation Analysis Report: Chesterfield County, 2018
Virginia Cooperative Extension takes pride in the premise that vital programming is based on the issues, problems, and needs of the people. A thorough analysis of the situation provides context for understanding and addressing these problems. Each local office updates their situation analysis every 4-5 years. Click here to see the 2013 report.
Aug 20, 2019 VCE-596-23NP (VCE-1002-23NP)
Situation Analysis Report: Craig County, 2018 Aug 20, 2019 VCE-596-25NP (VCE-1002-25NP)
Situation Analysis Report: Culpeper County, 2018 Aug 20, 2019 VCE-596-26NP (VCE-1002-26NP)
Situation Analysis Report: Cumberland County, 2018
Virginia Cooperative Extension takes pride in the premise that vital programming is based on the issues, problems, and needs of the people. A thorough analysis of the situation provides context for understanding and addressing these problems. Each local office updates their situation analysis every 4-5 years.
Aug 20, 2019 VCE-596-27NP (VCE-1002-27NP)
Situation Analysis Report: City of Danville, 2018 Aug 20, 2019 VCE-596-28NP (VCE-1002-28NP)
Situation Analysis Report: Dickenson County, 2018
Virginia Cooperative Extension takes pride in the premise that vital programming is based on the issues, problems, and needs of the people. A thorough analysis of the situation provides context for understanding and addressing these problems. Each local office updates their situation analysis every 4-5 years. Click here to see the 2013 report.
Aug 20, 2019 VCE-596-29NP (VCE-1002-29NP)
Situation Analysis Report: City of Alexandria, 2018
Virginia Cooperative Extension takes pride in the premise that vital programming is based on the issues, problems, and needs of the people. A thorough analysis of the situation provides context for understanding and addressing these problems. Each local office updates their situation analysis every 4-5 years. Click here to see the 2013 report.
Aug 20, 2019 VCE-596-3NP (VCE-1002-3NP)
Situation Analysis Report: Dinwiddie County, 2018 Sep 4, 2019 VCE-596-30NP (VCE-1002-30NP)
Situation Analysis Report: Essex County, 2018
Virginia Cooperative Extension takes pride in the premise that vital programming is based on the issues, problems, and needs of the people. A thorough analysis of the situation provides context for understanding and addressing these problems. Each local office updates their situation analysis every 4-5 years. Click here to see the 2013 report.
Aug 20, 2019 VCE-596-31NP (VCE-1002-31NP)
Situation Analysis Report: Fairfax County, 2018 Aug 20, 2019 VCE-596-32NP (VCE-1002-32NP)
Situation Analysis Report: Fauquier County, 2018
Virginia Cooperative Extension takes pride in the premise that vital programming is based on the issues, problems, and needs of the people. A thorough analysis of the situation provides context for understanding and addressing these problems. Each local office updates their situation analysis every 4-5 years.
Aug 20, 2019 VCE-596-33NP (VCE-1002-33NP)
Situation Analysis Report: Floyd County, 2018
Virginia Cooperative Extension takes pride in the premise that vital programming is based on the issues, problems, and needs of the people. A thorough analysis of the situation provides context for understanding and addressing these problems. Each local office updates their situation analysis every 4-5 years. Click here to see the 2013 report.
Aug 20, 2019 VCE-596-34NP (VCE-1002-34NP)
Situation Analysis Report: Fluvanna County, 2018 Aug 20, 2019 VCE-596-35NP (VCE-1002-35NP)
Situation Analysis Report: Franklin County, 2018 Aug 20, 2019 VCE-596-36NP (VCE-1002-36NP)
Situation Analysis Report: Frederick County, 2018
Virginia Cooperative Extension takes pride in the premise that vital programming is based on the issues, problems, and needs of the people. A thorough analysis of the situation provides context for understanding and addressing these problems. Each local office updates their situation analysis every 4-5 years. Click here to see the 2013 report.
Aug 20, 2019 VCE-596-37NP (VCE-1002-37NP)
Situation Analysis Report: Giles County, 2018
Virginia Cooperative Extension takes pride in the premise that vital programming is based on the issues, problems, and needs of the people. A thorough analysis of the situation provides context for understanding and addressing these problems. Each local office updates their situation analysis every 4-5 years. Click here to see the 2013 report.
Aug 20, 2019 VCE-596-38NP (VCE-1002-38NP)
Situation Analysis Report: Gloucester County, 2018 Aug 20, 2019 VCE-596-39NP (VCE-1002-39NP)
Situation Analysis Report: Alleghany County, 2018
Virginia Cooperative Extension takes pride in the premise that vital programming is based on the issues, problems, and needs of the people. A thorough analysis of the situation provides context for understanding and addressing these problems. Each local office updates their situation analysis every 4-5 years. Click here to see the 2013 report.
Aug 20, 2019 VCE-596-4NP (VCE-1002-4NP)
Situation Analysis Report: Goochland County, 2018 Aug 20, 2019 VCE-596-40NP (VCE-1002-40NP)
Situation Analysis Report: Grayson County, 2018
Virginia Cooperative Extension takes pride in the premise that vital programming is based on the issues, problems, and needs of the people. A thorough analysis of the situation provides context for understanding and addressing these problems. Each local office updates their situation analysis every 4-5 years. Click here to see the 2013 report.
Aug 20, 2019 VCE-596-41NP (VCE-1002-41NP)
Situation Analysis Report: Greene County, 2018 Aug 20, 2019 VCE-596-42NP (VCE-1002-42NP)
Situation Analysis Report: Greensville County/City of Emporia, 2018 Sep 3, 2019 VCE-1002-43NP
Situation Analysis Report: Halifax County, 2018 Mar 11, 2020 VCE-1002-108NP
Situation Analysis Report: City of Hampton, 2018
Virginia Cooperative Extension takes pride in the premise that vital programming is based on the issues, problems, and needs of the people. A thorough analysis of the situation provides context for understanding and addressing these problems. Each local office updates their situation analysis every 4-5 years. Click here to see the 2013 report.
Sep 3, 2019 VCE-596-45NP (VCE-1002-45NP)
Situation Analysis Report: Hanover County, 2018
Virginia Cooperative Extension takes pride in the premise that vital programming is based on the issues, problems, and needs of the people. A thorough analysis of the situation provides context for understanding and addressing these problems. Each local office updates their situation analysis every 4-5 years. Click here to see the 2013 report.
Sep 3, 2019 VCE-596-46NP (VCE-1002-46NP)
Situation Analysis Report: Henrico County, 2018
Virginia Cooperative Extension takes pride in the premise that vital programming is based on the issues, problems, and needs of the people. A thorough analysis of the situation provides context for understanding and addressing these problems. Each local office updates their situation analysis every 4-5 years. Click here to see the 2013 report.
Sep 3, 2019 VCE-596-47NP (VCE-1002-47NP)
Situation Analysis Report: Henry County/City of Martinsville, 2018
Virginia Cooperative Extension takes pride in the premise that vital programming is based on the issues, problems, and needs of the people. A thorough analysis of the situation provides context for understanding and addressing these problems. Each local office updates their situation analysis every 4-5 years. Click here to see the 2013 report.
Sep 3, 2019 VCE-596-48NP (VCE-1002-48NP)
Situation Analysis Report: Highland County, 2018
Virginia Cooperative Extension takes pride in the premise that vital programming is based on the issues, problems, and needs of the people. A thorough analysis of the situation provides context for understanding and addressing these problems. Each local office updates their situation analysis every 4-5 years. Click here to see the 2013 report.
Sep 3, 2019 VCE-596-49NP (VCE-1002-49NP)
Situation Analysis Report: Amelia County, 2018
Virginia Cooperative Extension takes pride in the premise that vital programming is based on the issues, problems, and needs of the people. A thorough analysis of the situation provides context for understanding and addressing these problems. Each local office updates their situation analysis every 4-5 years. Click here to see the 2013 report.
Sep 3, 2019 VCE-596-5NP (VCE-1002-5NP)
Situation Analysis Report: Isle of Wight County, 2018 Sep 3, 2019 VCE-596-50NP (VCE-1002-50NP)
Situation Analysis Report: King and Queen County, 2018 Sep 3, 2019 VCE-1002-52NP
Situation Analysis Report: King George County, 2018 Sep 3, 2019 VCE-596-53NP (VCE-1002-53NP)
Situation Analysis Report: King William County, 2018 Sep 3, 2019 VCE-1002-54NP
Situation Analysis Report: Lancaster County, 2018 Sep 3, 2019 VCE-1002-55NP
Situation Analysis Report: Lee County, 2018 Sep 3, 2019 VCE-596-56NP (VCE-1002-56NP)
Situation Analysis Report: Loudoun County, 2018 Sep 3, 2019 VCE-596-57NP (VCE-1002-57NP)
Situation Analysis Report: Louisa County, 2018 Sep 3, 2019 VCE-596-58NP (VCE-1002-58NP)
Situation Analysis Report: Lunenburg County, 2018 Oct 3, 2019 VCE-1002-59NP
Situation Analysis Report - City of Lynchburg, 2018 Sep 4, 2019 VCE-1002-60NP
Situation Analysis Report: Madison County, 2018
Virginia Cooperative Extension takes pride in the premise that vital programming is based on the issues, problems, and needs of the people. A thorough analysis of the situation provides context for understanding and addressing these problems. Each local office updates their situation analysis every 4-5 years. Click here to see the 2013 report.
Sep 3, 2019 VCE-596-61NP (VCE-1002-61NP)
Situation Analysis Report: Mathews County, 2018 Sep 3, 2019 VCE-596-62NP (VCE-1002-62NP)
Situation Analysis Report: Mecklenburg County, 2018
Virginia Cooperative Extension takes pride in the premise that vital programming is based on the issues, problems, and needs of the people. A thorough analysis of the situation provides context for understanding and addressing these problems. Each local office updates their situation analysis every 4-5 years. Click here to see the 2013 report.
Sep 3, 2019 VCE-596-63NP (VCE-1002-63NP)
Situation Analysis Report: Middlesex County, 2018 Sep 3, 2019 VCE-596-64NP (VCE-1002-64NP)
Situation Analysis Report: Montgomery County, 2018
Virginia Cooperative Extension takes pride in the premise that vital programming is based on the issues, problems, and needs of the people. A thorough analysis of the situation provides context for understanding and addressing these problems. Each local office updates their situation analysis every 4-5 years. Click here to see the 2013 report.
Sep 3, 2019 VCE-596-65NP (VCE-1002-65NP)
Situation Analysis Report: Nelson County, 2018
Virginia Cooperative Extension takes pride in the premise that vital programming is based on the issues, problems, and needs of the people. A thorough analysis of the situation provides context for understanding and addressing these problems. Each local office updates their situation analysis every 4-5 years. Click here to see the 2013 report.
Sep 3, 2019 VCE-596-66NP (VCE-1002-66NP)
Situation Analysis Report: City of Newport News, 2018
Virginia Cooperative Extension takes pride in the premise that vital programming is based on the issues, problems, and needs of the people. A thorough analysis of the situation provides context for understanding and addressing these problems. Each local office updates their situation analysis every 4-5 years. Click here to see the 2013 report.
Sep 3, 2019 VCE-596-68NP (VCE-1002-68NP)
Situation Analysis Report: City of Norfolk, 2018 Sep 3, 2019 VCE-596-69NP (VCE-1002-69NP)
Situation Analysis Report: Appomattox County, 2018
Virginia Cooperative Extension takes pride in the premise that vital programming is based on the issues, problems, and needs of the people. A thorough analysis of the situation provides context for understanding and addressing these problems. Each local office updates their situation analysis every 4-5 years. Click here to see the 2013 report.
Sep 3, 2019 VCE-596-7NP (VCE-1002-7NP)
Situation Analysis Report: Northampton County, 2018 Sep 3, 2019 VCE-596-70NP (VCE-1002-70NP)
Situation Analysis Report: Northumberland County, 2018
Virginia Cooperative Extension takes pride in the premise that vital programming is based on the issues, problems, and needs of the people. A thorough analysis of the situation provides context for understanding and addressing these problems. Each local office updates their situation analysis every 4-5 years. Click here to see the 2013 report.
Sep 3, 2019 VCE-596-71NP (VCE-1002-71NP)
Situation Analysis Report: Nottoway County, 2018
Virginia Cooperative Extension takes pride in the premise that vital programming is based on the issues, problems, and needs of the people. A thorough analysis of the situation provides context for understanding and addressing these problems. Each local office updates their situation analysis every 4-5 years. Click here to see the 2013 report.
Sep 3, 2019 VCE-596-72NP (VCE-1002-72NP)
Situation Analysis Report: Orange County, 2018
Virginia Cooperative Extension takes pride in the premise that vital programming is based on the issues, problems, and needs of the people. A thorough analysis of the situation provides context for understanding and addressing these problems. Each local office updates their situation analysis every 4-5 years. Click here to see the 2013 report.
Sep 3, 2019 VCE-596-73NP (VCE-1002-73NP)
Situation Analysis Report: Page County, 2018
Virginia Cooperative Extension takes pride in the premise that vital programming is based on the issues, problems, and needs of the people. A thorough analysis of the situation provides context for understanding and addressing these problems. Each local office updates their situation analysis every 4-5 years. Click here to see the 2013 report.
Sep 3, 2019 VCE-596-74NP (VCE-1002-74NP)
Situation Analysis Report: Patrick County, 2018 Sep 4, 2019 VCE-1002-75NP
Situation Analysis Report: City of Petersburg, 2018 Sep 3, 2019 VCE-596-76NP (VCE-1002-76NP)
Situation Analysis Report: Pittsylvania County, 2018 Sep 3, 2019 VCE-596-77NP (VCE-1002-77NP)
Situation Analysis Report: City of Portsmouth, 2018 Sep 3, 2019 VCE-596-78NP (VCE-1002-78NP)
Situation Analysis Report: Powhatan County, 2018 Sep 3, 2019 VCE-596-79NP (VCE-1002-79NP)
Situation Analysis Report: Arlington County, 2018 Sep 3, 2019 VCE-596-8NP (VCE-1002-8NP)
Situation Analysis Report: Prince Edward County, 2018 Sep 3, 2019 VCE-596-80NP (VCE-1002-80NP)
Situation Analysis Report: Prince George County, 2018 Sep 3, 2019 VCE-596-81NP (VCE-1002-81NP)
Situation Analysis Report: Pulaski County, 2018 Sep 3, 2019 VCE-596-83NP (VCE-1002-83NP)
Situation Analysis Report: Rappahannock County, 2018 Sep 3, 2019 VCE-596-84NP (VCE-1002-84NP)
Situation Analysis Report: City of Richmond, 2018
Virginia Cooperative Extension takes pride in the premise that vital programming is based on the issues, problems, and needs of the people. A thorough analysis of the situation provides context for understanding and addressing these problems. Each local office updates their situation analysis every 4-5 years. Click here to see the 2013 report.
Sep 3, 2019 VCE-596-85NP (VCE-1002-85NP)
Situation Analysis Report: Richmond County, 2018 Sep 3, 2019 VCE-596-86NP (VCE-1002-86NP)
Situation Analysis Report: Roanoke and Salem, 2018 Sep 3, 2019 VCE-596-87NP (VCE-1002-87NP)
Situation Analysis Report: Rockbridge County, 2018 Sep 4, 2019 VCE-1002-88NP
Situation Analysis Report: Rockingham County, 2018 Sep 3, 2019 VCE-596-89NP (VCE-1002-89NP)
Situation Analysis Report: Augusta County, 2018
Virginia Cooperative Extension takes pride in the premise that vital programming is based on the issues, problems, and needs of the people. A thorough analysis of the situation provides context for understanding and addressing these problems. Each local office updates their situation analysis every 4-5 years.
Sep 3, 2019 VCE-596-9NP (VCE-1002-9NP)
Situation Analysis Report: Scott County, 2018 Sep 3, 2019 VCE-596-91NP (VCE-1002-91NP)
Situation Analysis Report: Shenandoah County, 2018 Sep 3, 2019 VCE-596-92NP (VCE-1002-92NP)
Situation Analysis Report: Smyth County, 2018 Sep 3, 2019 VCE-596-93NP (VCE-1002-93NP)
Situation Analysis Report: Southampton County, 2018
Virginia Cooperative Extension takes pride in the premise that vital programming is based on the issues, problems, and needs of the people. A thorough analysis of the situation provides context for understanding and addressing these problems. Each local office updates their situation analysis every 4-5 years. Click here to see the 2013 report.
Sep 3, 2019 VCE-596-94NP (VCE-1002-94NP)
Situation Analysis Report: Spotsylvania County, 2018 Sep 4, 2019 VCE-1002-95NP
Situation Analysis Report: Stafford County, 2018
Virginia Cooperative Extension takes pride in the premise that vital programming is based on the issues, problems, and needs of the people. A thorough analysis of the situation provides context for understanding and addressing these problems. Each local office updates their situation analysis every 4-5 years. Click here to see the 2013 report.
Aug 21, 2019 VCE-596-96NP (VCE-1002-96NP)
Situation Analysis Report: Surry County, 2018 Aug 21, 2019 VCE-596-98NP (VCE-1002-98NP)
Situation Analysis Report: Sussex County, 2018 Sep 12, 2019 VCE-1002-99NP
Limited English Proficiency Program Accommodation Record Apr 8, 2022 VCE-1075NP
Frequency of Limited English Proficiency (LEP) Contacts Record Apr 8, 2022 VCE-1076NP
Easy Ways to Eat More Veggies
A mom and daughter show how easy it is to eat more veggies by making some small and simple changes in their daily lives.
May 26, 2016 VCEP-52NP
Cow/Calf Operations Cost Per Pound of Beef Sold May 8, 2009
Surviving the Beef Cattle Market Crisis May 8, 2009
Analyzing the Cost of a Bull May 8, 2009