ID

420-320 (CNRE-105NP)

Authors as Published

Jennifer Gagnon, Extension Associate, Forest Resources and Environmental Conservation


This publication is available in a PDF file format only.

Economically, exotic invasives cost the United States over $120 billion annually (Pimentel et al. 2005). Costs arise from decreased productivity and expenses associated with control efforts. Exotic invasives come in all shapes, sizes, and kingdoms. There are exotic invasive mammals, fish, insects, crustaceans, mollusks, bacteria, fungi, plants, and viruses. This publication will focus on exotic invasive plants. Virginia has over 90 species of exotic invasive plants.


Virginia Cooperative Extension materials are available for public use, reprint, or citation without further permission, provided the use includes credit to the author and to Virginia Cooperative Extension, Virginia Tech, and Virginia State University.

Virginia Cooperative Extension is a partnership of Virginia Tech, Virginia State University, the U.S. Department of Agriculture, and local governments. Its programs and employment are open to all, regardless of age, color, disability, gender, gender identity, gender expression, national origin, political affiliation, race, religion, sexual orientation, genetic information, military status, or any other basis protected by law.

Publication Date

April 29, 2020