Resources for Fruits & Vegetables
|Tools to More Efficiently Manage In-Season Corn Nitrogen Needs||Nov 16, 2018||2909-1410 (SPES-80NP)|
|Corn Earworm on Vegetables||Mar 25, 2019||3103-1537 (ENTO-312NP)|
|Flea Beetle Control for Home Gardens||Dec 5, 2017||3104-1549 (ENTO-251NP)|
|Virginia Virtual Farm to Table: Strawberries||Jul 6, 2020||4H-909NP|
|Virginia Virtual Farm to Table: Hydroponic Salad Greens||Jul 2, 2020||4H-911NP|
|Virginia Virtual Farm to Table: Tomatoes||Aug 14, 2020||4H-918NP|
|Growing Apples in Virginia||
Growing apples in the home garden can be an enjoyable and rewarding experience, but consistent production of high quality fruit requires knowledge of tree and fruit growth and a willingness to perform certain practices at the appropriate time. Virginia is on the southern fringe of the U. S. apple producing region. Most apple varieties produce the highest quality fruit when night-time temperatures are cool (less than 60°F) at harvest time. Apples grown under warmer conditions tend to be large, soft, poorly colored, and less flavorful than when grown under cooler conditions. Our warm humid summers are also conducive for infection of many diseases. For these reasons, the best Virginia apples are grown at elevations higher than 800 feet above sea level in the western part of the state. However, even apples grown in eastern Virginia usually have quality superior to apples purchased in the supermarkets.
|Aug 17, 2020||422-023 (SPES-233P)|
|Planning the Vegetable Garden||
How much time will you be able to devote to your garden on a regular basis? The answer to this question will dictate the size of your garden. You must remember that, once planted, the garden will have to be weeded once a week, irrigated during droughts, and vegetables harvested when ripe. Depending on the type of vegetables, you may also need to undertake pest control measures.
|Dec 11, 2015||426-312 (HORT-209P)|
|Virginia’s Home Garden Vegetable Planting Guide: Recommended Planting Dates and Amounts to Plant||Jan 21, 2020||426-331 (SPES-170P)|
|Asparagus||Sep 16, 2020||426-401 (SPES-250P)|
|Beans||Apr 16, 2015||426-402 (HORT-145P)|
|Cole Crops or Brassicas||Apr 21, 2015||426-403 (HORT-156P)|
|Sweet Corn||Sep 16, 2020||426-405 (SPES-251P)|
|Cucumbers, Melons and Squash||
Varieties include both the slicer or fresh salad type and the pickle type (which can also be used fresh); vined, dwarfvined and bush varieties; all female or all-female seedless (no pollination required); burpless; and, various mixtures of these characteristics. Disease resistance is available in many varieties.
|Sep 16, 2020||426-406 (SPES-252P)|
|Leafy Green Vegetables||
Lettuce, a cool-season vegetable crop, is one of the easiest to grow. Lettuce withstands light frost; however, sunlight and high summer temperatures usually cause seedstalk formation (bolting) and bitter flavor. Slow-bolting or heat-resistant varieties are available and are recommended for extending the lettuce-growing season.
|Mar 16, 2015||426-408 (SPES-253P)|
|Onions, Garlic, and Shallots||
Onions are often grouped according to taste. The two main types of onions are strong flavored (American) and mild (often called European). Each has three distinct colors, yellow, white, and red. In general, the American onion produces bulbs of smaller size, denser texture, stronger flavor, and better keeping quality than European types. Globe varieties tend to keep longer in storage.
|Sep 16, 2020||426-411 (SPES-254P)|
|Potatoes, Peppers and Eggplant||Apr 16, 2015||426-413 (HORT-146P)|
Tomatoes are valuable garden plants in that they require relatively little space for large production. Each standard tomato plant, properly cared for, yields 10 to 15 pounds or more of fruit.Diane Relf, Retired Extension Specialist, Horticulture, Virginia Tech Alan McDaniel, Extension Specialist, Horticulture, Virginia Tech Ronald Morse, Former Associate Professor, Horticulture, Virginia Tech Reviewed by John Freeborn, Assistant Master Gardener Coordinator, Horticulture, Virginia Tech
|Sep 29, 2016||426-418 (HORT-288P)|
|Sprouting Seeds For Food||Jun 1, 2017||426-419 (HORT-154P)|
|Herb Culture and Use||Oct 11, 2019||426-420|
|Root Crops||Sep 16, 2020||426-422 (SPES-249P)|
|Integrated Pest Management for Vegetable Gardens||Sep 12, 2019||426-708 (ENTO-330NP)|
|Small Fruit in the Home Garden||
As a general rule, plant selection and production area in a home garden should be limited to what you can properly care for. It is better to have a small, welltended planting area rather than a large, neglected one. Small fruits offer certain advantages over fruit trees for home culture because small fruits require less space for the amount of fruit produced, and they bear fruit one or two years after planting. Success with small-fruit planting will depend on the attention given to all phases of production, including crop and variety selection, site selection, soil management, fertilization, pruning, and pest management.
|Oct 13, 2016||426-840 (HORT-216P)|
|Tree Fruit in the Home Garden||
It is desirable to locate the fruit planting as close to your home as possible. Where space is limited, fruit trees may be set in almost any location suitable for ornamental plants. Consider the mature size of the tree when designing the planting.
|Sep 21, 2020||426-841 (SPES-259P)|
|Nitrogen Management for White Potato Production||Sep 28, 2009||438-012|
|Pest Management Guide: Field Crops, 2020||Feb 6, 2020||456-016 (ENTO-366P)|
|Pest Management Guide: Horticultural and Forest Crops, 2020||Jan 27, 2020||456-017 (ENTO-337)|
|Pest Management Guide: Home Grounds and Animals, 2020||
This 2019 Virginia Pest Management Guide provides the latest recommendations for controlling diseases, insects, and weeds for home grounds and animals. The chemical controls in this guide are based on the latest pesticide label information at the time of writing. Because pesticide labels change, read the label directions carefully before buying and using any pesticide. Regardless of the information provided here, always follow the latest product label instructions when using any pesticide.
|Feb 5, 2020||456-018 (ENTO-336P)|
|IMPACT: Virginia Winter Fruit School Impact||
Tree fruits are important to the agricultural economy in Virginia. The commonwealth ranks sixth in the nation in apple production, with a crop valued at more than $68 million, and 20th in peach production, with a crop valued at $4.5 million. Although smaller in acreage, cherries, pears, and plums also play an important role in some areas of Virginia. These fruit crops are susceptible to an everchanging array of insects, plant diseases, and weeds, and pest management programs are complex and knowledge-intensive.
|May 13, 2015||AREC-135NP|
|Southeastern U.S. 2020 Vegetable Crop Handbook||
New varieties and strains of particular varieties of vegetables are constantly being developed throughout the world. Since it is impossible to list and describe all of them, only some of the better performing commercial types are listed in the specific crop section, either alphabetically or in order of relative maturity from early to late. These varieties are believed to be suitable for commercial production under most conditions.
|Jun 30, 2020||AREC-66NP (SPES-218NP)|
|Arthropod Pest Management Research on Vegetables in Virginia – 2011||
This booklet summarizes more than 50 experiments of arthropod pest management research conducted on vegetable crops in Virginia in 2011. Experiments were primarily conducted at three Virginia Tech research stations: the Eastern Shore Agricultural Research and Extension Center (ESAREC) near Painter, VA, the Hampton Roads Agricultural Research and Extension Center (HRAREC) in Virginia Beach, VA and the Kentland Research Farm near Blacksburg, VA. All plots were maintained according to standard commercial practices.
|Feb 1, 2012||ENTO-1|
|Benefits of an Insecticide Seed Treatment for Pumpkin Production in Virginia||
In recent years cucurbit growers in the Mid-Atlantic U.S. could purchase their seeds pre-treated with the neonicotinoid insecticide thiamethoxam. The insecticide seed treatment is currently packaged as FarMore F1400, which also includes three proven and complementary fungicides that provide the first line of defense against several key seed and seedling diseases including Rhizoctonia, Fusarium, Pythium, general damping-off and seedling blight.
|Dec 21, 2015||ENTO-174NP|
|Stink Bugs||Oct 13, 2017||ENTO-242NP|
|Flea Beetles Attacking Brassica Plants in Virginia||Mar 27, 2018||ENTO-267NP|
|Flea Beetles Attacking Eggplant in Virginia||Apr 11, 2018||ENTO-270NP|
|What in the World? International Produce Takes a Stand at Virginia Farmers Markets||May 25, 2016||HORT-225NP|
|USDA Edamame Project||Feb 15, 2019||SPES-104NP|
|Changes to USDA GAP & GHP, Produce Harmonized GAP, and Harmonized GAP Plus+ Audit Billing and Scheduling||Jun 17, 2019||SPES-132NP (SPES-147NP)|
|A Survey of Strawberry Production Practices in Virginia||Aug 12, 2019||SPES-150P|
|Common Fertilizers Used in Virginia: Secondary and Micronutrients||Apr 10, 2020||SPES-200NP|
|Conversion Factors Needed for Common Fertilizer Calculations||Apr 29, 2020||SPES-201NP|
|Kitchen Garden Presentation by Henrico Master Gardeners||Jul 14, 2020||SPES-225NP|
|Frost/Freeze Protection in Strawberry||Aug 27, 2018||SPES-56NP|
|Insecticide and Acaricide Research on Vegetables in Virginia -2017||Dec 17, 2018||SPES-85NP|