Resources for Pasture & Forage - Crops & Soils
|2009-2010 Performance of Sorghum Hybrids in the Virginia‐Carolina Region||Jan 25, 2011||3101-1531|
|Warm-Season Annual Grasses for Summer Forage||May 1, 2009||418-004|
|Managing Virginia's Steep Pastures||May 1, 2009||418-005|
|No-Till Seeding of Forage Grasses and Legumes||May 1, 2009||418-007|
|Controlled Grazing of Virginia's Pastures||May 1, 2009||418-012|
|Planting and Managing Switchgrass for Forage, Wildlife, and Conservation||May 1, 2009||418-013|
|Winter Seeding Methods to Establish Clover in Permanent Pasture||Jun 10, 2010||418-022|
|Forage Establishment: Getting Off to a Good Start||May 1, 2009||418-120|
|Calibrating Forage Seeding Equipment||Dec 10, 2009||418-121|
|Putting the Punch Back in Your Pastures: Pasture Renovation||May 1, 2009||418-134|
|Fertilizing Cool-Season Forages with Poultry Litter versus Commercial Fertilizer||Sep 16, 2009||418-142|
|The Nutritive Value of Common Pasture Weeds and Their Relation to Livestock Nutrient Requirements||Aug 6, 2009||418-150|
|Herbage Quality, Biomass, and Animal Performance of Cattle Grazing. Part I: Forage Biomass, Botanical Composition, and Nutritive Values||Nov 19, 2009||418-151|
|Herbage Quality, Biomass, and Animal Performance of Cattle Grazing. Part II: Animal Performance||Nov 19, 2009||418-152|
|Growing Small Grains for Forage in Virginia||Dec 19, 2018||424-006 (SPES-81P)|
|Agronomy Handbook, 2000||May 1, 2009||424-100||
|Control of Common Pasture and Hayfield Weeds in Virginia and West Virginia||May 1, 2009||427-002|
|Determining Forage Moisture Concentration||May 1, 2009||442-106|
|Planning Fencing Systems For Controlled Grazing||Feb 11, 2019||442-130 (BSE-247P)|
|Management Tips for Round Bale Hay Harvesting, Moving, and Storage||
Hay production and feeding is one of the most expensive components of forage-livestock systems. Specific management practices are necessary to maintain hay quality and minimize hay loss during harvest, transportation and storage of large round bales.
|Oct 9, 2014||442-454 (BSE-173P)|
|Large Round Bale Safety||
This Extension publication covers the safety aspects of equipment used in large round bale packages such as: balers, front-end loaders, bale handling and transport devices. The key to safe and efficient systems for handling large round bales is an operator who knows the hazards involved and who follows safety practices that can prevent accidents. Operators must be constantly alert for situations that may cause injuries to themselves or others. Besides pain and suffering, accidents contribute to higher costs in terms of unnecessary downtime or costly machine repairs. Alertness and safety consciousness can result in more efficient and profitable baling and handling.
|Oct 13, 2014||442-455 (BSE-172P)|
|Explanation of Soil Tests||
The accompanying Soil Test Report will help you assess your plant's need for fertilizer and lime.
|Dec 7, 2018||452-701 (SPES-75NP)|
|Soil Test Note #2 - Field Crops||
Most Virginia soils are acidic and require lime applications at three- to five-year intervals. Maintaining the correct soil pH has several benefits, such as encouraging healthy root development and making sure nutrients in the soil are available to the plant. For example, low pH can cause aluminum toxicity and can decrease phosphorus availability.
|Sep 25, 2014||452-702 (CSES-100P)|
|Soil Test Note No.3 - Liming and Fertilization of Cool-Season Forage Crops||Aug 28, 2012||452-703 (CSES-16P)|
|Soil Test Note #4 - Trace Elements||Dec 7, 2018||452-704 (SPES-76NP)|
|Soil Test Note 5: Fertilizing With Manures||Aug 19, 2009||452-705|
|Powell River Project - Revegetation Species and Practices||Mar 26, 2018||460-122 (CSES-210P)|
|Soybean Reproductive Development Stages||
Remove the soybean plant at ground level to make it easier to stage. Examine each main stem node one at a time to determine the development stage. Focus on the top four nodes that contain fully developed leaves (shown below). A fully developed leaf is one that is located immediately below a node containing a leaf with unrolled or unfolded leaflets (leaflet edges are no longer touching). The soybean crop is considered to be at a particular stage when 50% of the plants reach that stage. Listed with stage description for R1 through R6 are the approximate number of days to R7, or physiological maturity, for full season (FS) soybean planted in May and double crop (DC) soybean planted in June/July.
|Nov 25, 2013||AREC-59NP|
|2018 Peanut Variety and Quality Evaluation Results||Mar 7, 2019||AREC-64NP (SPES-119NP)|
|Defining Silvopastures: Integrating Tree Production With Forage-Livestock Systems for Economic, Environmental, and Aesthetic Outcomes||May 23, 2016||CSES-146P|
|Creating Silvopastures: Some Considerations When Thinning Existing Timber Stands||
Silvopastures intentionally integrate trees with forage and livestock production in a rotational grazing system. These systems have the potential to improve animal comfort, increase farm resource use efficiency, boost income, and mitigate environmental costs.
|Sep 30, 2016||CSES-155P|
|Creating Silvopastures: Some Considerations When Planting Trees in Pastures||Dec 11, 2017||CSES-185P|
|Using a Summer Stockpiling System to Extend the Grazing Season||Nov 14, 2017||CSES-201NP|
|Manure Injection in No-Till and Pasture Systems||Mar 27, 2018||CSES-22P (SPES-5P)|
|Determining Harvesting Time for Corn Silage||May 5, 2016||DASC-82NP|
|Tall Fescue, Endophytes and Alkaloids, and Fescue Toxicosis||Apr 12, 2019||SPES-114P|
|Sampling Tall Fescue for Endophyte Infection and Ergot Alkaloid Concentration||Oct 19, 2018||SPES-21P|
|Control of Common Grassy Weeds in Pastures and Hayfields||Jun 25, 2018||SPES-28NP|
|Control of Common Grassy Weeds in Pastures and Hayfields||
Grassy weeds in pastures and hayfields compete with desired forage species and reduce the productivity of forage systems. Lack of selective herbicides makes grassy weed species, such as Johnsongrass, Japanese stiltgrass, broomsedge, and foxtail species difficult to control. Proper soil fertility, grazing management, and correct timing and placement of herbicide application can effectively control these species.
|Nov 6, 2018||SPES-58P|
|Warm-Season Annual Grasses for Summer Forage||Apr 5, 2019||SPES-88P|
|Pesticide Applicator Manuals||Nov 17, 2011||VTTP-2|