Resources by J.H. Fike
|Determining Forage Moisture Concentration||
Harvesting and storing forage at the proper moisture concentration is essential to producing a high-quality product. Ideally, hay forage should have a moisture concentration between 15 percent and 18 percent during baling. Hay baled at higher moisture levels is subject to heat damage, dry-matter loss, mold spoilage, and hay fires. Protein and total digestible nutrient losses are increased for hay baled at lower moisture levels. Baling at the proper moisture level is critical to making quality hay, especially for larger bales (round and square) since moisture and heat dissipate more slowly in comparison to smaller bales.
|Jul 2, 2020||442-106(BSE-330P)|
|Management Tips for Round Bale Hay Harvesting, Moving, and Storage||
Hay production and feeding is one of the most expensive components of forage-livestock systems. Specific management practices are necessary to maintain hay quality and minimize hay loss during harvest, transportation and storage of large round bales.
|Jul 1, 2020||442-454 (BSE-332P)|
|Large Round Bale Safety||
This Extension publication covers the safety aspects of equipment used in large round bale packages such as: balers, front-end loaders, bale handling and transport devices. The key to safe and efficient systems for handling large round bales is an operator who knows the hazards involved and who follows safety practices that can prevent accidents. Operators must be constantly alert for situations that may cause injuries to themselves or others. Besides pain and suffering, accidents contribute to higher costs in terms of unnecessary downtime or costly machine repairs. Alertness and safety consciousness can result in more efficient and profitable baling and handling.
|May 26, 2020||442-455 (BSE-331P)|
|Powell River Project - Conversion of Sericea Lespedeza-dominant Vegetation to Quality Forages for Livestock Use||Mar 15, 2018||460-119 (CSES-219P)|
|Whitethorne Agroforestry Research and Demonstration Site at Virginia Tech’s Kentland Farm||Jul 17, 2017||ANR-277|
|Defining Silvopastures: Integrating Tree Production With Forage-Livestock Systems for Economic, Environmental, and Aesthetic Outcomes||May 6, 2021||CSES-146P|
|Creating Silvopastures: Some Considerations When Thinning Existing Timber Stands||
Silvopastures intentionally integrate trees with forage and livestock production in a rotational grazing system. These systems have the potential to improve animal comfort, increase farm resource use efficiency, boost income, and mitigate environmental costs.
|Apr 20, 2021||CSES-155P|
|Creating Silvopastures: Some Considerations When Planting Trees in Pastures||Dec 11, 2017||CSES-185P|
|Facts About Industrial Hemp||Aug 14, 2017||CSES-196NP|
|Tall Fescue, Endophytes and Alkaloids, and Fescue Toxicosis||Apr 12, 2019||SPES-114P|
|Strategies for Managing Endophyte-Infected Tall Fescue – A Whole-Farm Approach||Nov 26, 2019||SPES-163P|
|Sampling Tall Fescue for Endophyte Infection and Ergot Alkaloid Concentration||Oct 19, 2018||SPES-21P|
|Establishing Trees in Pasture Stocked with Livestock||Nov 24, 2020||SPES-269-1|
|Fescue Toxicosis and Some Strategies to Mitigate Alkaloids||May 9, 2018||SPES-6|
|Animal Performance on Toxic Tall Fescue During the Summer||Sep 19, 2018||SPES-62NP|
|Warm-Season Annual Grasses for Summer Forage||Apr 5, 2019||SPES-88P|
|No-Till Seeding of Forage Grasses and Legumes||May 6, 2019||SPES-92P|