Resources for Pasture & Forage - Crops & Soils
|Warm-Season Annual Grasses for Summer Forage||Apr 1, 2019||418-004 (SPES-88P)|
|Fertilizing Cool-Season Forages with Poultry Litter versus Commercial Fertilizer||Aug 30, 2019||418-142|
|Growing Small Grains for Forage in Virginia||Dec 19, 2018||424-006 (SPES-81P)|
|Agronomy Handbook, 2000||May 1, 2009||424-100||
|Determining Forage Moisture Concentration||
Harvesting and storing forage at the proper moisture concentration is essential to producing a high-quality product. Ideally, hay forage should have a moisture concentration between 15 percent and 18 percent during baling. Hay baled at higher moisture levels is subject to heat damage, dry-matter loss, mold spoilage, and hay fires. Protein and total digestible nutrient losses are increased for hay baled at lower moisture levels. Baling at the proper moisture level is critical to making quality hay, especially for larger bales (round and square) since moisture and heat dissipate more slowly in comparison to smaller bales.
|Jul 2, 2020||442-106(BSE-330P)|
|Management Tips for Round Bale Hay Harvesting, Moving, and Storage||
Hay production and feeding is one of the most expensive components of forage-livestock systems. Specific management practices are necessary to maintain hay quality and minimize hay loss during harvest, transportation and storage of large round bales.
|Jul 1, 2020||442-454 (BSE-332P)|
|Large Round Bale Safety||
This Extension publication covers the safety aspects of equipment used in large round bale packages such as: balers, front-end loaders, bale handling and transport devices. The key to safe and efficient systems for handling large round bales is an operator who knows the hazards involved and who follows safety practices that can prevent accidents. Operators must be constantly alert for situations that may cause injuries to themselves or others. Besides pain and suffering, accidents contribute to higher costs in terms of unnecessary downtime or costly machine repairs. Alertness and safety consciousness can result in more efficient and profitable baling and handling.
|May 26, 2020||442-455 (BSE-331P)|
|Soil Test Note #2 - Field Crops||
Most Virginia soils are acidic and require lime applications at three- to five-year intervals. Maintaining the correct soil pH has several benefits, such as encouraging healthy root development and making sure nutrients in the soil are available to the plant. For example, low pH can cause aluminum toxicity and can decrease phosphorus availability.
|Sep 9, 2019||452-702 (CSES-100P)|
|Soil Test Note No.3 - Liming and Fertilization of Cool-Season Forage Crops||Aug 30, 2019||452-703|
|Powell River Project - Revegetation Species and Practices||Mar 26, 2018||460-122 (CSES-210P)|
|AgrAbility Virginia Program Evaluation Brief: 2021 Survey & Interview Results||Jun 29, 2021||ALCE-255NP|
|Taste of Farming: Grazing Math||Apr 1, 2022||ALCE-296-11|
|Taste of Farming: Agroforestry||Apr 4, 2022||ALCE-296-13|
|Defining Silvopastures: Integrating Tree Production With Forage-Livestock Systems for Economic, Environmental, and Aesthetic Outcomes||May 6, 2021||CSES-146P|
|Creating Silvopastures: Some Considerations When Thinning Existing Timber Stands||
Silvopastures intentionally integrate trees with forage and livestock production in a rotational grazing system. These systems have the potential to improve animal comfort, increase farm resource use efficiency, boost income, and mitigate environmental costs.
|Apr 20, 2021||CSES-155P|
|Creating Silvopastures: Some Considerations When Planting Trees in Pastures||Dec 11, 2017||CSES-185P|
|Using a Summer Stockpiling System to Extend the Grazing Season||Nov 14, 2017||CSES-201NP|
|Manure Injection in No-Till and Pasture Systems||Mar 27, 2018||CSES-22P (SPES-5P)|
|Tall Fescue, Endophytes and Alkaloids, and Fescue Toxicosis||Apr 12, 2019||SPES-114P|
|Converting Pastures to Native Warm Season Grasses: Forage for Drought in Bedford County||Mar 31, 2020||SPES-196NP|
|Sampling Tall Fescue for Endophyte Infection and Ergot Alkaloid Concentration||Oct 19, 2018||SPES-21P|
|Soil, Conservation and Place -- C.J. Isbell of Keenbell Farm||Jun 8, 2020||SPES-216NP|
|Biofortification: Creating a Healthier Food Supply||Nov 23, 2020||SPES-267P|
|Converting pastures to native warm season grasses: Summer forage and wildlife habitat in Caroline County||Mar 5, 2021||SPES-308NP|
|Small Grain Forage Variety Testing, 2021||Jun 28, 2021||SPES-335NP|
|Giant Hogweed: Identification and Control||Sep 21, 2020||SPES-48NP (SPES-245NP)|
|Control of Common Grassy Weeds in Pastures and Hayfields||
Grassy weeds in pastures and hayfields compete with desired forage species and reduce the productivity of forage systems. Lack of selective herbicides makes grassy weed species, such as Johnsongrass, Japanese stiltgrass, broomsedge, and foxtail species difficult to control. Proper soil fertility, grazing management, and correct timing and placement of herbicide application can effectively control these species.
|Nov 6, 2018||SPES-58P|
|Warm-Season Annual Grasses for Summer Forage||Apr 5, 2019||SPES-88P|
|Chemical Options for Defruting Young Apple Trees||Apr 14, 2022||SPES-396NP|
|Rootstock Effects on Tree Growth and Yield of ‘Honeycrisp’ Apple under Virginia State Climatic Conditions||May 4, 2022||SPES-398NP|
|No-Till Seeding of Forage Grasses and Legumes||May 6, 2019||SPES-92P|
|VCE Ag Today: Late Summer Pasture Management||Apr 12, 2021||VCE-1027-20NP|
|VCE AG Today: Understanding Soil Test Reports||Apr 9, 2021||VCE-1027-43NP|
|VCE Ag Today: Grow Award - Winning Hay||May 5, 2021||VCE-1027-47NP|
|VCE Ag Today: Weed Control in Pastures||Nov 10, 2021||VCE-1027-55NP|
|Pesticide Applicator Manuals||Dec 17, 2021||VTTP-2|