Resources for College of Natural Resources and Environment

Title Available As Summary Date ID Author
Virginia Logger Safety Checklist Booklet Mar 23, 2018 3108-1592 (CNRE-10NP)
Virginia 4-H School Enrichment: Forestry May 1, 2009 388-802
Virginia Wildlife Project - Wildlife Foods May 1, 2009 390-405
Lean Thinking: Examples and Applications in the Wood Products Industry
Lean thinking is a process focused on increasing the value added to products and services and the reduction of waste. The term “lean,” coined by Womack during one of his visits to the Japanese carmaker Toyota in the early 1980s (Womack and Jones 2003), has become the universally accepted term for increasing value and reducing waste.
Nov 6, 2018 420-002 (CNRE-33P)
Pensamiento Lean: Ejemplos y Aplicaciones en la Industria de Productos de Madera Nov 20, 2018 420-002S (CNRE-33S)
Managing Wildlife Damage: Snakes Nov 7, 2019 420-021 (CNRE-56P)
Learning to Live with Coyotes in Metropolitan Areas Nov 7, 2019 420-050 (CNRE-57P)
Invasive Exotic Plant Species: Autumn Olive (Elaeagnus umbellata)
Autumn olive was introduced to the U.S. from Japan and China in 1830. It was originally planted for wildlife habitat, shelterbelts, and mine reclamation, but has escaped cultivation. It is dispersed most frequently by birds and other wildlife, which eat the berries.
Apr 28, 2020 420-321 (CNRE-97P)
Invasive Exotic Plant Species: Honeysuckle (Lonicera spp.)
Several species of Asian honeysuckle have been introduced in the United States for their ornamental and wildlife values. Honeysuckle is perhaps the most widespread exotic invasive in the U.S., now found in at least 38 states. The Asian honeysuckle produces abundant seeds which are dispersed by birds and other wildlife. It also spreads by sprouting from its roots. Because it tolerates shade from other plants, it grows in forest understories.
Apr 1, 2020 420-323 (CNRE-95P)
Sustaining America's Aquatic Biodiversity - What Is Aquatic Biodiversity; Why Is it Important?
Aquatic biodiversity is the rich and wonderful variety of plants and animals—from crayfish to catfish, from mussels to mayflies, from tadpoles to trout—that live in watery habitats. It is the number of different native species, or species richness.
Dec 18, 2019 420-520 (CNRE-77P)
Sustaining America's Aquatic Biodiversity - Aquatic Habitats: Homes for Aquatic Animals
Natural aquatic habitats include ponds, lakes, rivers, streams, springs, estuaries, bays, and various types of wetlands. Some of these habitats are shallow and others deep, some are cold-water and others warm-water, some are freshwater and others saltwater, and some have high oxygen levels and others little oxygen.
Feb 11, 2020 420-522 (CNRE-79P)
Sustaining America's Aquatic Biodiversity - Freshwater Mussel Biodiversity and Conservation
Nearly 300 species of mussels inhabit freshwater rivers, streams, and lakes in the United States. This is the richest diversity of mussels found in the world and an extraordinary natural heritage that needs protection. Because of the lustrous, pearl-like interior of the shells, some of these pearly mussels have important commercial value in the cultured pearl and jewelry industry.
Jan 7, 2020 420-523 (CNRE-80P)
Sustaining America's Aquatic Biodiversity - Crayfish Biodiversity and Conservation
Of the approximately 500 crayfishes (some times called crawdads or crawfish) found on earth, about 400 crayfish species live in waters in North America, and about 353, nearly 70 percent of the world’s total species, inhabit waters in the United States.
Mar 24, 2020 420-524 (CNRE-82P)
Sustaining America's Aquatic Biodiversity - Freshwater Fish Biodiversity and Conservation
Nearly 800 native fish species in 36 families inhabit the freshwater rivers, streams, and lakes of the United States and Canada. North America has the most diverse temperate freshwater fish fauna in the world.
Feb 11, 2020 420-525 (CNRE-83P)
Sustaining America's Aquatic Biodiversity - Selected Freshwater Fish Families
This is the largest and most ecologically diverse family of freshwater fishes in the world. Minnows are exclusively freshwater, although some species stray into brackish, tidal waters. Over 290 species of minnows occur in North America.
Feb 12, 2020 420-526 (CNRE-90P)
Sustaining America's Aquatic Biodiversity - Frog Biodiversity and Conservation
Frogs can be found in all landscapes, from deep under the water to high in trees. There are more than 100 species of frogs in the United States, and many of these are of conservation concern. This publication describes frog biology, diversity, and conservation issues.
Feb 12, 2020 420-527 (CNRE-87P)
Sustaining America's Aquatic Biodiversity - Salamander Biodiversity and Conservation
Of the more than 700 species of salamanders found worldwide, more than 200 live in North America, and over 40 percent of these are considered to be at risk. Although these secretive creatures are unknown to many people, they are important parts of our natural world and in serious need of our protection. This publication describes salamander biology and conservation concerns.
Feb 12, 2020 420-528 (CNRE-88P)
Sustaining America's Aquatic Biodiversity - Aquatic Insect Biodiversity and Conservation
The diversity of insects can only be described as amazing. More than half of all known species of living things (microbes, plants, and animals) are insects.
Dec 17, 2019 420-531 (CNRE-81P)
Coloring Christmas Trees Before Harvest
As the Christmas tree industry develops in Virginia, the production of larger quantities of trees places growers in a more competitive environment. Under conditions of competition, it becomes necessary for growers to produce the highest quality trees possible in order to enjoy marketing success. There are many characteristics of Christmas trees which are widely considered to be quality factors, but the most important are shape, needle retention, straightness, and color.
Sep 14, 2020 420-638(CNRE-118P)
Trees for Problem Landscape Sites -- Air Pollution Aug 10, 2020 430-022 (HORT-123P)
Trees for Problem Landscape Sites — Trees for Landscape Containers and Planters
Planting trees in aboveground containers and planters is becoming a common practice on sites that are not suited for inground planting. Containers differ from raised planters in that they are usually smaller in volume and moveable, whereas planters are generally larger, and often built as part of the permanent hardscape (paving, etc.). The greatest challenge in selecting trees for containers and planters is in choosing trees that can survive temperature extremes, and that can establish roots in a limited volume of substrate (potting soil). Consider several factors when selecting containers and trees including environmental influences, container and planter design, substrate type, and tree characteristics.
Apr 9, 2015 430-023 (HORT-119P)
Trees for Problem Landscape Sites — Trees for Hot Sites
Hot landscape sites require special consideration before trees are planted. Trees can survive, and even thrive, in hot sites if the site is prepared correctly, if heat-tolerant species are selected, and if the trees are properly maintained. A variety of different locations and situations qualify as hot landscape sites.
Apr 9, 2015 430-024 (HORT-118P)
Trees for Problem Landscape Sites — Screening
Using trees as living screens can easily enhance living and working spaces. Before selecting trees for screening, first determine the screen’s purpose, whether functional or environmental. Screening can be used to define an area, modify or hide a view, create privacy, block wind, dust, salt and snow, control noise, filter light, and direct traffic flow.
Apr 9, 2015 430-025 (HORT-117P)
Trees for Problem Landscape Sites — Wet and Dry Sites
To grow, all trees require air, light, water and nutrients. Some trees can survive over a wide range of climatic and soil conditions, whereas others are very site specific. Both wet and dry sites present establishment and growth challenges, making selection of the right tree for the right site very important.
Apr 8, 2015 430-026 (HORT-114P)
Virginia Master Naturalist
The Virginia Master Naturalist program is a statewide corps of volunteers providing education, outreach, and service dedicated to the beneficial management of natural resources and natural areas within their communities.
May 1, 2018 465-300 (ANR-307NP)
Virginia Master Naturalist, American Naturalists
Jared Diamond (2005), in his book, “Collapse: How Societies Choose to Fail or Succeed,” defines landscape amnesia as one of the primary mechanisms for the decline and ultimate collapse of societies. This phenomenon occurs when people lose knowledge of how the natural world once was, with each succeeding generation accepting a degraded environment as the status quo. Carried to its end, a society remains unconcerned until it reaches the point of no return.
Jun 19, 2015 465-312(ANR-20NP)
Virginia Master Naturalist, Basic Training Course, Mammalogy Jul 19, 2018 465-314 (CNRE-16P)
To Clear or Not To Clear -- That Is the Question
The economic and ecological considerations of clear cutting wooded acreage.
Sep 25, 2019 465-340(CNRE-66P)
Intensive Marine Finfish Larviculture
Marine finfish production is a rapidly expanding field, both in research and industrial aquaculture. A driving force behind this growth is the inherently high value placed upon marine finfish products in the marketplace.
Feb 7, 2020 600-050 (CNRE-84P)
Rotifer Production (as a First Feed Item) for Intensive Finfish Larviculture Aug 30, 2019 600-105 (CNRE-61P)
Artemia Culture for Intensive Finfish and Crustacean Larviculture Aug 21, 2019 600-106 (CNRE-60P)
Virginia Master Naturalist, Basic Training Course, Botany
Plants can be defined as multicellular, photosynthetic organisms with reproductive structures that are more complex than single cells. By this definition, algae are not considered plants because they are either unicellular or their reproductive structures are essentially unicellular. Fungi, too, are excluded because they are not photosynthetic. At least 400 million years of diversification have resulted in a wide diversity of taxonomically distinct major groups of plants. Some of the most important groups of plants found in Virginia are described below.
Jul 19, 2019 ANR-10NP (CNRE-62NP)
Virginia Master Naturalist, Basic Training Course, Botany (Introductory Version)
Plants can be defined as multicellular photosynthetic organisms with reproductive structures that are more complex than single cells. By this definition, algae are not considered plants because they are either unicellular or their reproductive structures are essentially unicellular, and fungi, too, are excluded because they are not photosynthetic.
Jul 19, 2019 ANR-12NP (CNRE-63NP)
So You Want To Sell Timber
Research into the attitudes and actions of private forest landowners shows that although very few own their forestland for the purpose of producing timber, most will sell timber at least once in their lifetimes. Private forest landowners sell timber for a variety of reasons that range from purely financial to solely for management purposes. Often landowners do not consider selling timber until they have an immediate need for cash. Other times the landowner has planned an immediate commercial thinning with a full timber harvest scheduled in 10 years. Whatever the reason(s) for a timber sale, careful consideration of objectives is paramount.
Dec 18, 2018 ANR-154P
The Virginia Tech – U.S. Forest Service December 2015 Housing Commentary: A Feb 24, 2016 ANR-182NP
The Virginia Tech – U.S. Forest Service December 2015 Housing Commentary: Part B
“If current laws governing federal taxes and spending generally remained in place, by CBO’s projections, real GDP would grow by 2.7 percent this calendar year and by 2.5 percent in 2017, as measured by the change from the fourth quarter of the previous year. From 2018 through 2020, the economy would grow at an average annual rate of 2.0 percent, CBO projects.
Feb 25, 2016 ANR-183NP
The Virginia Tech – U.S. Forest Service February 2016 Housing Commentary: Section I
In February, housing was mixed. Total and single-family starts improved modestly month-over-month. Once again, aggregate housing permits were disappointing – total permits decreased month-over-month; single-family permits eked out a gain, and multifamily permits were decidedly negative. Housing under construction data indicated minimal increases and housing completions were negative. Total private and new single-family construction spending increased somewhat. New house sales exhibited some growth and existing sales were disappointingly negative.
Apr 29, 2016 ANR-189NP (ANR-196NP)
The Virginia Tech – U.S. Forest Service February 2016 Housing Commentary: Section II
The baseline scenario for the United States is a moderate economic expansion through the projection period. Real GDP grows at an average rate of 2! percent per year. The unemployment rate declines to 4! percent in the middle of 2017 and remains near that level through the end of the scenario period. CPI inflation rises to 2! percent at an annual rate by the middle of 2017 before dropping back to about 2 percent in the first quarter of 2018 and remaining near that level thereafter.
May 4, 2016 ANR-190NP (ANR-197NP)
The Virginia Tech – U.S. Forest Service October 2015 Housing Commentary: Section I Mar 24, 2016 ANR-191NP
The Woods In Your Backyard: Learning to Create and Enhance Natural Areas Around Your Home May 17, 2016 ANR-199NP
The Virginia Tech – U.S. Forest Service March 2016 Housing Commentary: Section I May 17, 2016 ANR-202NP
The Virginia Tech – U.S. Forest Service March 2016 Housing Commentary: Section II May 17, 2016 ANR-203NP
The Role of Logging Business Owners in Forest Certification Nov 9, 2018 ANR-51NP (CNRE-35NP)
Wood Identification for Species Native to Virginia May 10, 2019 ANR-64P (ANR-324P)
Agency 229 Matters Dec 13, 2017 CALS-1099NP
The Impact of Agency 229 Dec 13, 2017 CALS-1122NP
The Virginia Tech – U.S. Forest Service September 2017 Housing Commentary: Section I Dec 13, 2017 CNRE-1NP
The Virginia Tech – U.S. Forest Service January 2020 Housing Commentary: Section I Mar 25, 2020 CNRE-101NP
Champion Big Trees of Virginia, 2019-2020 Update Apr 8, 2020 CNRE-104NP
How to Sell Timber Apr 27, 2020 CNRE-107NP
The Virginia Tech – U.S. Forest Service February 2020 Housing Commentary: Section II Apr 29, 2020 CNRE-108NP
The Virginia Tech – U.S. Forest Service January 2018 Housing Commentary: Section I Apr 11, 2018 CNRE-11NP
The Virginia Tech – U.S. Forest Service March 2020 Housing Commentary: Section I Jun 24, 2020 CNRE-111NP
The Virginia Tech – U.S. Forest Service January 2018 Housing Commentary: Section II Apr 11, 2018 CNRE-12NP
The Socrates Project - Poisonous Plants in Virginia Jun 29, 2018 CNRE-13NP (CNRE-21NP)
The Virginia Tech – U.S. Forest Service February 2018 Housing Commentary: Section II Apr 25, 2018 CNRE-15NP
The Virginia Tech –U.S. Forest Service March 2018 Housing Commentary: Section I May 22, 2018 CNRE-17NP
The Virginia Tech –U.S. Forest Service March 2018 Housing Commentary: Section II May 22, 2018 CNRE-18NP
The Virginia Tech – U.S. Forest Service April 2018 Housing Commentary: Section I Jun 25, 2018 CNRE-19NP
The Virginia Tech – U.S. Forest Service September 2017 Housing Commentary: Section II Dec 12, 2017 CNRE-2NP
The Virginia Tech – U.S. Forest Service April 2018 Housing Commentary: Section II Jun 25, 2018 CNRE-20NP
The Virginia Tech – U.S. Forest Service May 2018 Housing Commentary: Section I Jul 20, 2018 CNRE-22NP
The Virginia Tech – U.S. Forest Service May 2018 Housing Commentary: Section II Jul 20, 2018 CNRE-23NP
The Virginia Tech – U.S. Forest Service June 2018 Housing Commentary: Section I Aug 27, 2018 CNRE-25NP
The Virginia Tech – U.S. Forest Service June 2018 Housing Commentary: Section II Aug 27, 2018 CNRE-26NP
The Virginia Tech – U.S. Forest Service July 2018 Housing Commentary: Section I Sep 24, 2018 CNRE-29NP
The Virginia Tech – U.S. Forest Service October 2017 Housing Commentary: Section I Jan 4, 2018 CNRE-3NP
The Virginia Tech – U.S. Forest Service July 2018 Housing Commentary: Section II Sep 24, 2018 CNRE-30NP
The Virginia Tech – U.S. Forest Service August 2018 Housing Commentary: Section I Nov 7, 2018 CNRE-31NP
The Virginia Tech – U.S. Forest Service August 2018 Housing Commentary: Section II Nov 7, 2018 CNRE-32NP
The Virginia Tech – U.S. Forest Service September 2018 Housing Commentary: Section I Nov 26, 2018 CNRE-36NP
The Virginia Tech – U.S. Forest Service September 2018 Housing Commentary: Section II Nov 26, 2018 CNRE-37NP
The Virginia Tech – U.S. Forest Service October 2017 Housing Commentary: Section II Jan 4, 2018 CNRE-4NP
The Virginia Tech The Virginia Tech – U.S. Forest Service October 2018 Housing Commentary: Section II Feb 13, 2019 CNRE-41NP
The Virginia Tech Virginia Tech – U.S. Forest Service U.S. Forest Service October 2018 Housing Commentary: Section I Feb 13, 2019 CNRE-42NP
Analysis of Financial Statements Using Ratios May 10, 2019 CNRE-43P
The Virginia Tech – U.S. Forest Service November 2018 Housing Commentary: Section I Feb 27, 2019 CNRE-45NP
The Virginia Tech – U.S. Forest Service November 2018 Housing Commentary: Section II Feb 27, 2019 CNRE-46NP
Legacy Planning Stories May 10, 2019 CNRE-50NP
The Virginia Tech – U.S. Forest Service March 2019 Housing Commentary: Section II May 28, 2019 CNRE-55NP
The Virginia Tech – U.S. Forest Service Service April 2019 Housing Commentary: Section I Jul 9, 2019 CNRE-58NP
The Virginia Tech – U.S. Forest Service April 2019 Housing Commentary: Section II Jul 9, 2019 CNRE-59NP
The Virginia Tech – U.S. Forest Service November 2017 Housing Commentary: Section I Jan 25, 2018 CNRE-6NP
The Virginia Tech - U.S. Forest Service May 2019 Housing Commentary: Section I Aug 30, 2019 CNRE-64NP
The Virginia Tech – U.S. Forest Service May 2019 Housing Commentary: Section II Jul 22, 2019 CNRE-65NP
The Virginia Tech - U.S. Forest Service June 2019 Housing Commentary: Section I Aug 21, 2019 CNRE-67NP
The Virginia Tech - U.S. Forest Service June 2019 Housing Commentary: Section II Aug 21, 2019 CNRE-68NP
The Virginia Tech – U.S. Forest Service November 2017 Housing Commentary: Section II Jan 25, 2018 CNRE-7NP
The Virginia Tech – U.S. Forest Service July 2019 Housing Commentary: Section I Sep 18, 2019 CNRE-71NP
The Virginia Tech – U.S. Forest Service July 2019 Housing Commentary: Section II Sep 18, 2019 CNRE-72NP
The Virginia Tech – U.S. Forest Service August 2019 Housing Commentary: Section I Oct 22, 2019 CNRE-74NP
The Virginia Tech – U.S. Forest Service August 2019 Housing Commentary: Section II Oct 22, 2019 CNRE-75NP
The Virginia Tech – U.S. Forest Service December 2017 Housing Commentary: Section I Feb 27, 2018 CNRE-8NP
The Virginia Tech – U.S. Forest Service December 2017 Housing Commentary: Section II Feb 26, 2018 CNRE-9NP
The Virginia Tech – U.S. Forest Service February 2018 Housing Commentary: Section I Apr 25, 2018 CNRE-14NP
2012 Annual Report, Agency 229 - Partners for Progress Jan 24, 2013 VCE-16
2013 Annual Report, Agency 229 - Partners for Progress Nov 12, 2014 VCE-196
2014 Annual Report, Agency 229 - Partners for Progress Nov 12, 2014 VCE-444
2015 Annual Report, Agency 229 — Partners for Progress Sep 30, 2015 VCE-583NP