ID

420-522 (CNRE-79P)

Authors as Published

Authored by Louis A. Helfrich, Department of Fisheries and Wildlife Sciences, Virginia Tech, and James Parkhurst, Department of Fisheries and Wildlife Sciences, Virginia Tech

This publication is available in an enhanced digital version and PDF.

Natural aquatic habitats include ponds, lakes, rivers, streams, springs, estuaries, bays, and various types of wetlands. Some of these habitats are shallow and others deep, some are cold-water and others warm-water, some are freshwater and others saltwater, and some have high oxygen levels and others little oxygen.


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Publication Date

February 11, 2020