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Title Available As Summary Date ID Author
Virginia Agriculture - Relating to Farmers Nov 8, 2017 3104-1591 (BSE-218NP)
Dealing with the High Cost of Energy for Greenhouse Operations
Increased fuel costs and colder than normal winters make heating costs a significant burden on many greenhouse operations. So, how can growers deal with high energy costs in the greenhouse? This publication covers energy conservation, alternative fuel choices, growing temperatures and production practices.
Aug 21, 2023 430-101 (HORT-284P)
Farm Record Book Request Form May 1, 2009 446-016
Farm Record Book: Expenses and Receipts
This book provides forms for many of the categories of expenses, receipts, labor, and financial summaries needed by most agricultural related businesses using cash accounting methods. Column headings are included for major items with some columns remaining blank for your own headings.
Apr 20, 2022 446-017 (VCE-867NP)
Planning the Future of Your Farm: A Workbook Supporting Farm Transfer Decisions, Virginia Edition Apr 12, 2017 446-610 (AAEC-131P)
Farm Financial Risk Management Series Part I: Overview of Financial Systems for New and Beginning Farmers Sep 23, 2022 AAEC-114P (AAEC-296P)
Farm Financial Risk Management Series Part II: Introduction of Financial Systems for New and Beginning Farmers
There are many factors to consider before starting a new farm enterprise. Financial management is an important component in the startup and decision-making processes for beginning farmers. The purpose of this series of publications is to inform Virginia agribusiness owners and managers about farm financial risk management tools, techniques, and resources available to help them prepare and use a financial systems approach for their operations.
Sep 23, 2022 AAEC-115P (AAEC-297P)
Farm Financial Risk Management Series Part III: Introduction to Farm Planning Budgets for New and Beginning Farmers
There are many factors to consider before starting a new farm enterprise. Financial management is an important component in the startup and decision-making processes for beginning farmers. The purpose of this series of publications is to inform Virginia agribusiness owners and managers about farm financial risk management tools, techniques, and resources available to help them prepare and use a financial systems approach for their operations.
Sep 23, 2022 AAEC-116P (AAEC-298P)
2017 NASS Cropland and Pastureland Rental Rates Nov 14, 2017 AAEC-142NP
Virginia Retail Sales and Use Tax Regulations Sep 21, 2018 AAEC-159NP
Market Ready Farm to Restaurant – A Conversation about Pricing May 6, 2019 AAEC-176NP
COVID-19 Resources for Virginia Farmers, Agribusinesses, and Cooperative Extension Agents and Specialists Apr 27, 2020 AAEC-221NP
Webinar: Understanding CFAP (the USDA Coronavirus Food Assistance Program) Jul 22, 2020 AAEC-227NP
Online Ordering Options for Farm Sales during and after the COVID-19 Pandemic Sep 23, 2020 AAEC-233NP
Grain and Soybean Production and Storage in Virginia: A Summary and Spatial Examination
Grain and soybean production is a critical component of Virginia agriculture — the state’s No. 1 industry (VDACS 2013). Virginia’s farmers produced more than half a billion bushels of grain and soybeans over the span of 2006 to 2012 (USDA-NASS 2013b)1. The objectives of this publication are to characterize the market for grain production and storage in Virginia.
Sep 26, 2019 AAEC-60P
Selling Directly to Buyers: How to Price Your Products
Did you know that farmers who sell unprocessed foods to retail outlets typically receive just 11.6 cents of each dollar the consumer spends on food? The remaining amount is allocated to industry groups such as food processors, packaging and transportation, retail trade, food services, energy, finance and insurance, and legal services
Dec 11, 2015 AAEC-97P
Assessing the Effectiveness of NCRAC-funded Research in Aquaculture Within the North Central Region May 17, 2023 AAEC-318NP
Virginia Commodity Marketing
This site outlines commodity information and resources to help Virginia producers build successful agricultural enterprises. It includes auctions, historical prices, basis, marketing trends, and more.
Jan 5, 2024 AAEC-325NP
Virginia Property Tax Reassessment Overview
The publication provides an overview of the property tax reassessment process in Virginia. It explains why tax reassessment is important, and what the typical process looks like for Virginia jurisdictions. The paper gives a breakdown on how often reassessments are conducted, how the process differs for counties versus cities, and a step-by-step breakdown of the process for contractors or state officials. In addition to reassessment methodologies, the publication also provides figures showing statistical breakdowns of reassessment factors such as contracting or conducting in-house, the use of a physical inspection, and common reassessment intervals.
Jun 21, 2024 AAEC-327NP
Introduction to Labor Issues for Beginning Farmers
There are many factors to consider before you start a new farm enterprise. Labor issues are often underemphasized in the decision-making processes of beginning farmers. It is important to consider who you will hire, where you will find help, how you will manage your employees, and what legal matters are relevant to your farm.
Mar 18, 2020 AEE-106NP (ALCE-186NP)
Markets, Planning & Operations - Amy's Garden - Summer 2015 Jul 25, 2016 AEE-142NP
Virginia Beginning Farmer & Rancher Coalition Project: Mountain View Farm & Vineyard (Part 1): Developing a farm enterprise Sep 22, 2023 AEE-31NP
Virginia Beginning Farmer & Rancher Coalition Project: Mountain View Farm & Vineyard (Part 2): Exploring production goals Sep 22, 2023 AEE-32NP
Virginia Beginning Farmer & Rancher Coalition Project: Mountain View Farm & Vineyard (Part 3): Measuring success Sep 22, 2023 AEE-33NP
Virginia Beginning Farmer & Rancher Coalition Project: Mountain View Farm & Vineyard (Part 4): Economic challenges Sep 22, 2023 AEE-34NP
Virginia Beginning Farmer & Rancher Coalition Project: Mountain View Farm & Vineyard (Part 5): Marketing challenges Sep 22, 2023 AEE-35NP
Virginia Beginning Farmer & Rancher Coalition Project: Mountain View Farm & Vineyard (Part 6): Balancing on-farm and off-farm employment Sep 22, 2023 AEE-36NP
Virginia Beginning Farmer & Rancher Coalition Project: Croushorn Farms (Part 1): Starting a new farm enterprise Sep 22, 2023 AEE-37NP
Virginia Beginning Farmer & Rancher Coalition Project: Croushorn Farms (Part 2): Challenges to new farm enterprises Sep 22, 2023 AEE-38NP
Virginia Beginning Farmer & Rancher Coalition Project: Croushorn Farms (Part 3): Land and tenure acquisition Sep 22, 2023 AEE-39NP
Virginia Beginning Farmer & Rancher Coalition Project: Croushorn Farms (Part 4): Marketing and business management Sep 22, 2023 AEE-40NP
Virginia Beginning Farmer & Rancher Coalition Project: Juba Farm (Part 1): Starting a new farm enterprise Sep 22, 2023 AEE-41NP
Virginia Beginning Farmer & Rancher Coalition Project: Juba Farm (Part 2): Challenges to farming Sep 22, 2023 AEE-42NP
Virginia Beginning Farmer & Rancher Coalition Project: Juba Farm (Part 3): Crops grown on the farm Sep 22, 2023 AEE-43NP
Virginia Beginning Farmer & Rancher Coalition Project: Juba Farm (Part 4): Cultural differences in farming in the U.S. Mar 1, 2023 AEE-44NP
Virginia Beginning Farmer & Rancher Coalition Project: Huntley Farm & Seitz Angus (Part 1): Overview of a farm enterprise Sep 22, 2023 AEE-45NP
Virginia Beginning Farmer & Rancher Coalition Project: Huntley Farm & Seitz Angus (Part 2): Challenges in new farm enterprise Sep 22, 2023 AEE-46NP
Virginia Beginning Farmer & Rancher Coalition Project: Huntley Farm & Seitz Angus (Part 3): Advice for beginning farmers Sep 22, 2023 AEE-47NP
Successful Farm Startup for Beginners: Virginia Beginning Farmer and Rancher Coalition Program
Starting a farm is an exciting yet challenging opportunity. As with any new undertaking, there is a lot to think about before beginning a farm venture. Gaining access to farmland, viable markets, capital and credit, as well as hands-on training and resources are some of the most important startup issues to consider as part of the planning process. You are likely asking yourself, “Where do I begin?” The purpose of this resource is to help newcomers make informed decisions at the start of the planning process. This “quick guide” is primarily designed for beginning farmers and ranchers, but service providers will also find this resource useful for answering questions about the farm startup process. This foundational work offers a valuable starting point on which to create a successful whole farm plan for a new agricultural venture.
May 12, 2020 AEE-67P
Virginia Beginning Farmer & Rancher Coalition Program: Virginia Beginning Farmer Profiles May 12, 2020 AEE-70NP
Virginia Beginning Farmer & Rancher Coalition Project: Seven Springs Farm: CSA Farm Model Sep 16, 2013 AEE-78NP
An Evaluation of Program, Training, and Resource Needs of Virginia Beginning Farmers and Ranchers: Virginia Beginning Farmer and Rancher Coalition Program
With funding from the USDA Beginning Farmer and Rancher Development Program in fall 2010, the Virginia Beginning Farmer and Rancher Coalition Program aims to meet the expressed needs of Virginia’s beginning farmers and support the development of social networks through which they can gain vital skills, information, technical assistance, and business capacity for long-term agricultural viability (see www.vabeginningfarmer.org).
Oct 4, 2019 AEE-81P
Community, Local, and Regional Food Systems Apr 22, 2022 ALCE-155NP (ALCE-291NP)
Understanding and Developing an Agribusiness
This publication is a teaching resource (series of lesson plans) developed by a participant in the Graduate Extension Scholars (GES) program.
May 31, 2024 ALCE-176P
Understanding and Developing an Agribusiness
This publication is a teaching resource (series of lesson plans) developed by a participant in the Graduate Extension Scholars (GES) program.
May 31, 2024 ALCE-176P
Understanding Business Structures, Markets, and Risk Management Strategies
This publication is a teaching resource (series of lesson plans) developed by a participant in the Graduate Extension Scholars (GES) program.
May 31, 2024 ALCE-177
Best Practices to Managing Farm Financial Health and Wellbeing Sep 2, 2020 ALCE-222NP
Farmer Financial Health and Wellbeing Assessment: A Tool for Fostering Supportive Financial Conversations
Extension agents are closely involved in advising farmers and farm families on identification and mitigation of financial risks unique to the agricultural industry. Financial decisions are often time-sensitive and complicated, and the source of many sleepless nights to farmers and advisors alike. This tool is intended for use as a communication aid to foster safe, productive conversations between farmers and service providers. It is designed to complement related resources aimed at supporting the mental health of our farmers who make tough decisions under conditions of uncertainty on a daily basis.
Sep 28, 2020 ALCE-226NP
The Farm Safety, Health & Wellness Toolkit
Farmers nationwide are experiencing socio-economic crisis and Virginia’s farmers are no exception. Farmers in Virginia are under immense stress due to various threats including social threats (within the family or community), economic threats (including land or market loss and associated financial stress), political threats (such as systemic discrimination, racism, and disadvantageous political policy), and environmental threats (like drought, flooding, or pest infestation). Farmers in Virginia experience overwhelming feelings of stress and may encounter associated mental health issues due to the current crises and the threats they face.
Nov 9, 2020 ALCE-233NP
The Virginia Beginning Farmer and Rancher Coalition Program (brochure) Feb 17, 2023 ALCE-305NP
La Coalición de Granjeros y Rancheros Principiantes de Virginia (The Virginia Beginning Farmer and Rancher Coalition Program) Apr 4, 2023 ALCE-305NP
Example Survey for Determining New Farmers Market Feasibility Jun 30, 2021 ANR-204NP (ANR-216NP)
Example Survey for Determining New Farmers Market Feasibility Jul 28, 2016 ANR-216NP
Are you a Beginning Farmer?
You are likely asking yourself, “Where do I begin?” The purpose of this tool is to help you gather a solid basis of information as you consider your “start-up” situation. Once you have completed as much as you can of this worksheet (or if you have any questions along the way), please bring it to your local Virginia Cooperative Extension office to get guidance on where to go next: http://www.ext.vt.edu/offices/index.html. Good Luck! We look forward to helping you bring your farm vision to life!
May 12, 2020 ANR-91NP
Vineyard Financial Calculator
The Vineyard Financial Calculator is an educational tool that is useful for comparing the financial performance of different vineyard operational scenarios. This tool's intended user is an individual or organization exploring the financial requirements of vineyard establishment and operation in Virginia. The tool was designed to forecast the approximate pretax annual cash inflows and outflows of a vineyard − information required to build a business prospectus. Users can modify certain input variables, such as vineyard size and labor costs, as well as outputs, such as crop level, to tailor the projections to personal expectations. The VFC is only a predictive tool; actual results could vary from those predicted due to site conditions, variances in costs, or unanticipated gains or losses. This tool was created in 2016 and originally published in 2017. The principals with which this tool operates are still valid, but the raw material prices may have changed.
Sep 23, 2022 AREC-188NP (SPES-424NP)
Estimating Financial Costs and Benefits of Supplemental Irrigation with the Irrigation Financial Estimator Tool (IFET)
Row crop agriculture in Virginia and other Eastern states is largely rainfed, but there is increasing interest in irrigation as a way to manage dry periods and weather variability. However, irrigation systems require substantial installation and operating costs, and it can be very difficult to determine if yield improvements will be sufficient to justify these costs. This publication provides an overview on the Irrigation Financial Estimator Tool, which was recently developed to help row crop producers estimate financial aspects of supplemental irrigation. The tool estimates installation and operating costs, as well as revenues from improved yields, using user-supplied information and historic data on weather and prices for crops and fuel. It accounts for uncertainty in these estimates by presenting a range of values for each cost.
Apr 30, 2024 BSE-237P (BSE-358P)
Supplemental Irrigation with the Irrigation Financial Estimator Tool (IFET)-Workbook
Row crop agriculture in Virginia and other Eastern states is largely rainfed, but there is increasing interest in irrigation as a way to manage dry periods and weather variability. However, irrigation systems require substantial installation and operating costs, and it can be very difficult determine if yield improvements will be sufficient to justify these costs. This publication provides an overview on the Irrigation Financial Estimator Tool, which was recently developed to help row crop producers estimate financial aspects of supplemental irrigation. The tool estimates installation and operating costs, as well as revenues from improved yields, using user-supplied information and historic data on weather and prices for crops and fuel. It accounts for uncertainty in these estimates by presenting a range of values for each cost.
Apr 29, 2024 BSE-237A
Analysis of Financial Statements Using Ratios May 10, 2019 CNRE-43P
Direct Sales: Certifying Market Scales
Virginia farmers sell their produce through many venues including on-farm sales, farm stands, and farmers’ markets. Wherever the produce is sold, it must be sold by weight, count, head/bunch, or dry measure. If the produce is sold by weight, the produce will be weighed on scales that have been certified by the Virginia Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services Office of Weights and Measures.
May 28, 2020 CV-40NP
Dairy Pipeline, May 2020 Apr 21, 2020 DASC-135NP
A Decision-Making Tool to Determine the Feasibility of Purchasing Virginia Milk Commission Base
Dairy farmers are usually subject to net income fluctuations due to volatility in both milk and feed prices. Risk management tools, such as hedging milk prices in the futures market, may be used to protect dairy farmers against milk price volatility. Alternatively, dairy farmers selling milk in Virginia can buy Virginia milk commission base (MCB) to obtain higher milk prices and, therefore, sustain or increase net cash flows.
Feb 14, 2023 DASC-30P (DASC-111P)
September 2022 Dairy Pipeline Aug 24, 2022 DASC-152NP
Getting Started and Managing Resources Jan 24, 2020 SPES-189NP
Peanut Variety and Quality Evaluation 2022 I. Agronomic and Grade Data Feb 22, 2023 SPES-475NP
Stone Burier Implement
Demonstration and explanation of operation and use of a stone burier implement for tractor. The tool buries stones in a field and makes raised beds at the same time. Burying stones prevents cultivation and planting equipment from skipping and causing loss of production. The stone burier can also be used to bury cover crops allowing quicker field turnovers.
Feb 26, 2024 SPES-572NP