Resources for Pesticide Safety Education
|Droplet Chart / Selection Guide||
When choosing nozzles/droplet sizes for spray applications, applicators must consider both coverage needed and drift potential. As a rule, smaller droplets provide better coverage, but larger droplets are less likely to drift.
|Aug 13, 2019||442-031 (BSE-263P)|
|Nozzles: Selection and Sizing||
This fact sheet covers nozzle description, recommended use for common nozzle types, and orifice sizing for agricultural and turf sprayers. Proper selection of a nozzle type and size is essential for correct and accurate pesticide application. The nozzle is a major factor in determining the amount of spray applied to an area, uniformity of application, coverage obtained on the target surface, and amount of potential drift.
|Aug 13, 2019||442-032 (BSE-262P)|
|Fine Tuning a Sprayer with “Ounce” Calibration Method||
This extension publication discusses guidelines to quickly evaluate the performance of a sprayer. Sprayer calibration, nozzle discharge, spray pattern uniformity, speed checks, pump performance, and plumbing arrangements are evaluated with minimal calculations.
|Apr 16, 2020||442-453 (BSE-320P)|
|Farm Security - “Treat it Seriously” – Security for Plant Agriculture: Producer Response for Plant Diseases, Chemical Contamination, and Unauthorized Activity||Oct 11, 2019||445-004|
|Farm Security - “Treat it Seriously” – Security for Plant Agriculture: On-Farm Assessment and Security Practices||Mar 9, 2011||445-005|
|Pest Management Guide: Field Crops, 2020||Feb 6, 2020||456-016 (ENTO-366P)|
|Pest Management Guide: Horticultural and Forest Crops, 2020||Jan 27, 2020||456-017 (ENTO-337)|
|Pest Management Guide: Home Grounds and Animals, 2020||
This 2019 Virginia Pest Management Guide provides the latest recommendations for controlling diseases, insects, and weeds for home grounds and animals. The chemical controls in this guide are based on the latest pesticide label information at the time of writing. Because pesticide labels change, read the label directions carefully before buying and using any pesticide. Regardless of the information provided here, always follow the latest product label instructions when using any pesticide.
|Feb 5, 2020||456-018 (ENTO-336P)|
|2020 Spray Bulletin for Commercial Tree Fruit Growers||
The guide contains information on pesticides used in orchards, with a seasonal treatment of when and how these materials should be employed. Efficacy information toward major fruit pests as well as beneficial species is included. The guide is black and white, but with a color photograph for the cover. It is spiral bound.
|Feb 7, 2020||456-419 (ENTO-341P)|
|Southeastern U.S. 2020 Vegetable Crop Handbook||
New varieties and strains of particular varieties of vegetables are constantly being developed throughout the world. Since it is impossible to list and describe all of them, only some of the better performing commercial types are listed in the specific crop section, either alphabetically or in order of relative maturity from early to late. These varieties are believed to be suitable for commercial production under most conditions.
|Jun 30, 2020||AREC-66NP (SPES-218NP)|
|Accurate Application and Placement of Chemicals on Lawns||Feb 12, 2020||BSE-318NP|
|Importance of Farm Phosphorus Mass Balance and Management Options||
Phosphorus is a naturally occurring element that is one of 16 elements essential for plant growth and animal health. Research has documented that applying phosphorus in fertilizers or manure increases crop growth and yield on soils that are below critical agronomic levels, as measured during routine soil testing. Although the economic benefits of phosphorus fertilization on crop production are well-documented, too much of a good thing can be detrimental to the environment. Excessive soil phosphorus is a potential threat to water quality.
|Feb 21, 2020||CSES-98P(SPES-178P)|
|Control of Brown Marmorated Stink Bug with Insecticide-Treated Window Screens||
In Virginia and other Mid-Atlantic states, the invasive brown marmorated stink bug (BMSB) has become a serious nuisance pest (Rice et al. 2014). Each fall, these insects aggregate on buildings seeking shelters in which to spend the winter months.
|Jan 26, 2016||ENTO-177NP|
|Integrated Pest Management of Hemp in Virginia||Mar 2, 2020||ENTO-349NP|
|An Introduction to Integrated Pest Management||Apr 2, 2020||ENTO-365NP|
|Organic vs. Conventional (Synthetic) Pesticides: Advantages and Disadvantages||Jun 24, 2020||ENTO-384NP|
|Pesticide Storage & Disposal – A Quick Guide for Home Use||Jun 24, 2020||ENTO-385NP|
|Myth-busting Integrated Pest Management for Extension Master Gardeners||Jul 14, 2020||ENTO-388NP|
|Understanding Pesticide Toxicity||Nov 11, 2020||ENTO-389NP|
|Plant Injury From Herbicide Residue||
In recent years, an increased number of cases of injury from herbicide residue in straw/hay, manure, and compost have been diagnosed in the Virginia Tech Plant Disease Clinic. Growers are surprised and dismayed to learn that manure, straw, mulch, or other amendments intended to improve their garden or landscape might have such unforeseen consequences. Of particular concern to organic growers are herbicide residues.
|Aug 22, 2016||PPWS-77P|
|Glyphosate Q & A Sheet||Feb 8, 2019||SPES-113NP|
|Pesticide Applicator Manuals||Nov 17, 2011||VTTP-2|
|Pyridine Herbicide Carryover: Causes and Precautions||Sep 9, 2012||VTTP-6NP|
|Virginia Tech Pesticide Programs||May 11, 2009||vtpp-1|