Resources for Tools & Techniques

Title Available As Summary Date ID Author
Plant Propagation from Seed May 1, 2009 426-001
Propagation by Cuttings, Layering and Division May 1, 2009 426-002
Urban Water-Quality Management - Winterizing the Water Garden
Water gardens require maintenance throughout the year. Preparation for the winter months is especially important for the survival of both the aquatic plants and the wildlife in and around the pond. Some plants will not tolerate winter weather and must be removed from the pond while cold-hardy plants need only to be completely immersed in the pond.
Mar 19, 2015 426-042 (HORT-125P)
Gardening & Your Health, Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
Gardening with carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) can be very difficult, especially when a long day of shoveling, raking, or weed pulling leaves you with a painful or “tingling” hand or wrist. These aches and pains are often caused in part by improper techniques or tools used in gardening.
Jun 1, 2017 426-060(HORT-131P)
Gardening and Your Health: Protecting Your Hands and Feet
The skin on hands and feet is like most ornamental plants. Neither likes the extremes of being dried out or kept too wet. Treat skin as tenderly as the most sensitive plants and safeguard your horticultural health.
Apr 29, 2015 426-061 (HORT-135P)
Gardening and Your Health: Sunburn & Skin Cancer
Most people have suffered from at least one bad sunburn. The beginning of a sunburn is shown by hot, pink skin. Later comes swelling, burning pain, and possibly blistering. As the burn leaves, peeling inevitably appears. Peeling means that the skin is thickening up to protect itself from further sun damage. If burned skin continues to get exposed to sun, damage can’t be repaired. Even if damage is not visible, skin cells mutate with each sun exposure. Over a lifetime these mutations may add up to cancer, a problem seen on gardeners who work unprotected in the sun. A severe sunburn is one of the biggest risk factors in getting a melanoma skin cancer.
Mar 18, 2015 426-063 (HORT-133P)
Gardening and Your Health: Protecting Your Knees and Back
Many gardening tasks require knee strength and stability, whether kneeling, sitting, standing, or walking. The best way to protect knees from the stress and strain is to condition them with strengthening exercises and stretching.
May 22, 2015 426-065(HORT-128P)
Gardening and Your Health: Ticks May 1, 2009 426-066
Gardening and Your Health: Plant Allergies
Allergic reactions are caused by an overactive immune system response to a foreign substance such as pollen, dust, or molds. When this reaction affects the eyes or nose, it results in allergic rhinitis. Typical symptoms include sneezing, a runny nose, and itchy watery eyes. When an inflammation affects the bronchial tubes, it results in asthma. Typical symptoms include wheezing and shortness of breath.
Mar 18, 2015 426-067 (HORT-129P)
Home Hydroponics May 1, 2009 426-084
Seed For The Garden Apr 21, 2015 426-316 (HORT-153P)
Irrigating the Home Garden
Adequate soil moisture is essential for good crop growth. A healthy plant is 75 percent to 90 percent water. The plant needs that much water to carry out vital functions, including photosynthesis, support (rigidity), transpiration, and transportation of nutrients and sugars to various parts of the plant. During the first two weeks of growth, plants are becoming established and must have the proper amount of water to build their root systems. Too little water can stunt or even kill tender seedlings, while excessive moisture can prevent roots from moving out into the soil searching for water and nutrients. Without a sufficient root system, hot, dry weather can adversely affect vegetable plants as they mature. In areas prone to repeated drought, select drought-resistant varieties when buying seed or plants.
May 20, 2015 426-322(HORT-178P)
Fertilizing the Vegetable Garden
The amount of fertilizer to apply to a garden depends on the natural fertility of the soil, the amount of organic matter present, the type of fertilizer used, and the crop being grown. The best way to determine fertilizer needs is to have the soil tested. Soil testing is available through your local Extension agent, through private labs, and with soil test kits which can be purchased from garden shops and catalogs.
Apr 16, 2015 426-323 (HORT-144P)
Mulches for the Home Vegetable Garden
Mulching is a practice adaptable to nearly all home gardens. To mulch is simply to cover the soil around plants with a protective material, organic or inorganic.
Mar 20, 2015 426-326(HORT-140P)
Intensive Gardening Methods May 1, 2009 426-335
Season Extenders Apr 22, 2015 426-381 (HORT-159P)
Calibrating Your Lawn Spreader May 1, 2009 430-017
Precision Farming Tools: Variable-Rate Application Aug 1, 2011 442-505
Soil Sample Information Sheet for Home Lawns, Gardens, Fruits, and Ornamentals Jun 23, 2017 452-125(CSES-191NP)
Soil Sampling for the Home Gardener
This publication explains how to obtain representative soil samples and to submit them for analysis to the Virginia Tech Soil Testing Laboratory.
May 1, 2009 452-129
Tractor-Mounted Lifts Jan 8, 2013 BSE-58NP
Tractor-Mounted Vertical Lifts Jan 8, 2013 BSE-59NP
Tractor-Mounted Inclined Lifts Jan 8, 2013 BSE-60NP
Determining Harvesting Time for Corn Silage May 5, 2016 DASC-82NP
Backyard Composting Feb 27, 2013 HORT-49P
Author Checklist May 26, 2016 VCE-733NP
Virginia Cooperative Extension Peer Reviewer Feedback Form Jun 10, 2016 VCE-747NP
Virginia Cooperative Extension Peer-Reviewed Content Request Form Jun 10, 2016 VCE-748NP