Resources for Tools & Techniques
|Plant Propagation from Seed||Oct 11, 2019||426-001|
|Propagation by Cuttings, Layering and Division||Oct 11, 2019||426-002|
|Urban Water-Quality Management - Winterizing the Water Garden||
Water gardens require maintenance throughout the year. Preparation for the winter months is especially important for the survival of both the aquatic plants and the wildlife in and around the pond. Some plants will not tolerate winter weather and must be removed from the pond while cold-hardy plants need only to be completely immersed in the pond.
|Sep 4, 2020||426-042 (SPES-261P)|
|Gardening & Your Health, Carpal Tunnel Syndrome||
Gardening with carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) can be very difficult, especially when a long day of shoveling, raking, or weed pulling leaves you with a painful or “tingling” hand or wrist. These aches and pains are often caused in part by improper techniques or tools used in gardening.
|Jun 1, 2017||426-060 (HORT-245NP)|
|Gardening and Your Health: Protecting Your Hands and Feet||
The skin on hands and feet is like most ornamental plants. Neither likes the extremes of being dried out or kept too wet. Treat skin as tenderly as the most sensitive plants and safeguard your horticultural health.
|Apr 29, 2015||426-061 (HORT-135P)|
|Gardening and Your Health: Sunburn & Skin Cancer||
Most people have suffered from at least one bad sunburn. The beginning of a sunburn is shown by hot, pink skin. Later comes swelling, burning pain, and possibly blistering. As the burn leaves, peeling inevitably appears. Peeling means that the skin is thickening up to protect itself from further sun damage. If burned skin continues to get exposed to sun, damage can’t be repaired. Even if damage is not visible, skin cells mutate with each sun exposure. Over a lifetime these mutations may add up to cancer, a problem seen on gardeners who work unprotected in the sun. A severe sunburn is one of the biggest risk factors in getting a melanoma skin cancer.
|Mar 18, 2015||426-063 (HORT-133P)|
|Gardening and Your Health: Protecting Your Knees and Back||
Many gardening tasks require knee strength and stability, whether kneeling, sitting, standing, or walking. The best way to protect knees from the stress and strain is to condition them with strengthening exercises and stretching.
|May 22, 2015||426-065(HORT-128P)|
|Gardening and Your Health: Plant Allergies||
Allergic reactions are caused by an overactive immune system response to a foreign substance such as pollen, dust, or molds. When this reaction affects the eyes or nose, it results in allergic rhinitis. Typical symptoms include sneezing, a runny nose, and itchy watery eyes. When an inflammation affects the bronchial tubes, it results in asthma. Typical symptoms include wheezing and shortness of breath.
|Mar 18, 2015||426-067 (HORT-129P)|
|Home Hydroponics||May 1, 2009||426-084|
|Seed For The Garden||Apr 21, 2015||426-316 (HORT-153P)|
|Irrigating the Home Garden||
Adequate soil moisture is essential for good crop growth. A healthy plant is 75 percent to 90 percent water. The plant needs that much water to carry out vital functions, including photosynthesis, support (rigidity), transpiration, and transportation of nutrients and sugars to various parts of the plant. During the first two weeks of growth, plants are becoming established and must have the proper amount of water to build their root systems. Too little water can stunt or even kill tender seedlings, while excessive moisture can prevent roots from moving out into the soil searching for water and nutrients. Without a sufficient root system, hot, dry weather can adversely affect vegetable plants as they mature. In areas prone to repeated drought, select drought-resistant varieties when buying seed or plants.
|May 20, 2015||426-322(HORT-178P)|
|Fertilizing the Vegetable Garden||
The amount of fertilizer to apply to a garden depends on the natural fertility of the soil, the amount of organic matter present, the type of fertilizer used, and the crop being grown. The best way to determine fertilizer needs is to have the soil tested. Soil testing is available through your local Extension agent, through private labs, and with soil test kits which can be purchased from garden shops and catalogs.
|Apr 16, 2015||426-323 (HORT-144P)|
|Mulches for the Home Vegetable Garden||
Mulching is a practice adaptable to nearly all home gardens. To mulch is simply to cover the soil around plants with a protective material, organic or inorganic.
|Sep 16, 2020||426-326 (SPES-256P)|
|Intensive Gardening Methods||Nov 5, 2018||426-335|
|Season Extenders||Apr 22, 2015||426-381 (HORT-159P)|
|Calibrating Your Lawn Spreader||May 1, 2009||430-017|
|Fine Tuning a Sprayer with “Ounce” Calibration Method||
This extension publication discusses guidelines to quickly evaluate the performance of a sprayer. Sprayer calibration, nozzle discharge, spray pattern uniformity, speed checks, pump performance, and plumbing arrangements are evaluated with minimal calculations.
|Apr 16, 2020||442-453 (BSE-320P)|
|Soil Sample Information Sheet for Home Lawns, Gardens, Fruits, and Ornamentals||Nov 15, 2019||452-125 (SPES-172NP)|
|Forma Para el Muestreo de Suelos de Céspedes, jardines, frutas y ornamentales en el hogar||May 30, 2018||452-125S (SPES-8NP)|
|Soil Sampling for the Home Gardener||
This publication explains how to obtain representative soil samples and to submit them for analysis to the Virginia Tech Soil Testing Laboratory.
|Feb 6, 2020||452-129 (SPES-176P)|
|Accurate Application and Placement of Chemicals on Lawns||Feb 12, 2020||BSE-318NP|
|Guidelines for Protecting Youth Workers: Promote Safe Practices and Protect Youth Workers||
The goal of this training guide is to reduce the number of accidents and related injuries among the youth workers in the green industry by making workplaces safer. This guide is primarily for employers or supervisors of youth workers in the green industry. In addition to familiarizing the employers/supervisors with the regulations associated with hiring youth workers, the guide discusses the steps they can take to make their work environments safer. It also covers the responsibilities of guardians and youth workers for making workplaces safer.
|Apr 17, 2020||BSE-46NP (BSE-314P)|
|Hand Tools Safety: Lawn Care Training Guide Hand Tool Care and Safe Use||
Many hand tools such as rakes, shovels, and pruners are used widely in lawn care operations. While these non-powered tools are not known to cause major injuries, they have the potential for injuries that may require absence from work and/or medical assistance when they are used improperly.
|Apr 17, 2020||BSE-51P (BSE-323P)|
|Tractor-Mounted Lifts||Jun 18, 2018||BSE-58NP (BSE-230NP)|
|Tractor-Mounted Vertical Lifts||Jun 22, 2018||BSE-59NP (BSE-232NP)|
|Tractor-Mounted Inclined Lifts||Jun 22, 2018||BSE-60NP (BSE-231NP)|
|Determining Harvesting Time for Corn Silage||May 5, 2016||DASC-82NP|
|Backyard Composting||Feb 27, 2013||HORT-49P|
|Author Checklist||May 26, 2016||VCE-733NP|
|Virginia Cooperative Extension Peer Reviewer Feedback Form||Jun 10, 2016||VCE-747NP|
|Virginia Cooperative Extension Peer-Reviewed Content Request Form||Jun 10, 2016||VCE-748NP|
|Nonpeer-Reviewed Publication Word Template||Mar 5, 2020||VCE-946NP (VCE-1012NP)|
|Nonpeer-Reviewed Content Process Details||Jun 12, 2018||VCE-947NP|