Foliage: 1 to 2 inch long needles; 2 needles per fascicle (bundle); evergreen
Height: Depends on cultivar
Spread: Depends on cultivar
Shape: most dwarf types have a low mound form or an upright oval form; the species is a medium to large multi-stem tree form
Main Features: Generally only dwarf forms of mugo pine are sold at garden centers; the species (non-dwarf) is a multi-stem medium to large tree. Dwarf forms vary in their growth rate from 1 to 8 inches per year, and in their form (mounded to upright oval). Hence, cultivar selection is important to match the cultivar to the available garden/landscape space. Cultivars are useful in mass, as foundation plants, and to frame a landscape element (e.g., entryway, walkway, art work); individual cultivars will be discussed in the Additional Information section. Mugo pine tolerates dry and alkaline soil.
Zone 3 to 7 (will languish in hotter portions of zone 7)
Light: Full sun
Moisture: Average to dry
pH range: Acid to alkaline
Dwarf forms of mugo pine are useful in mass, as foundation plants, and to frame a landscape element (e.g., entryway, walkway, art work).
No special care is needed. If pruning is required, then candle growth (newly emerging shoots in spring) should be cut in half.
There are numerous cultivars in the trade (more than 40). Some of the popular ones are:
‘Mops’ slow-growing globe-shaped form
var. pumilo (Pumilo Group) wide-growing form
‘Sherwood Compact’ slow-growing flat mound form
‘Slowmound’ slow-growing mounded form
‘Tannenbaum’ tall-growing form (10 feet +) with a dense conical form
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September 17, 2018