Sugar Maple (Acer saccharum)
Foliage: Deciduous broadleaf
Height: 100 feet
Spread: 80 feet
Shape: Oval to round
Sugar maple is a medium/large shade tree with a no less than spectacular fall foliage display. There are many cultivars; cultivar characteristics include growth rate, form, and fall foliage color.
Zone: 3 to 8
Moisture: Moist to dry
pH Range: 3.7 to 6.5
Light: Partial shade to full sun
Soil Type: Sandy, loam, or clay loam
Suggested uses for this plant include shade or specimen tree.
Does best when planted in location where it will have ample room to spread.
Requires little care when planted in proper location (well-drained, fertile, moist soil away from polluted city conditions).
Leaf scorch (in excessive droughts) and Verticillium wilt can be a problem.
Susceptibility to gas and smoke damage makes sugar maple less suitable for city conditions than Norway and red maples.
Consult local garden centers, historic or public gardens and arboreta regarding cultivars and related species that grow well in your area.
Cultivars of Acer saccharum:
BonfireTM is a fast-growing cultivar with bright orange/red fall foliage.
`Globosum' -- a dwarf, globe-shaped form (10 by 10 feet after 20 years) `Columnare'-- an upright columnar form
Green Mountain® -- tolerates heat and is scorch resistant. ‘Legacy’ is a fast-growing cultivar with a variable fall foliage color.
The fire-red to yellow color of the sugar maple fall foliage is no less than spectacular. This species tends to have a solid symmetrical canopy which imparts a formal look.
The sap of this tree can be boiled down to produce maple syrup and sugar.
Mature sugar maples show a wide variation in form, but tend to have a broad, rounded head.
This material was developed by Carol Ness as part of the Interactive Design and Development Project funded by the Kellogg Foundation.
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October 19, 2018