This publication is available in an enhanced digital version and PDF.
Over 1,200 native fish species inhabit the freshwater rivers, streams, and lakes of the United States and Canada. About 95% of these species are non-game species such as darters, minnows, and dace. Nongame fishes are an important ecological link in the food chain, feeding on insects and serving as prey for sport fishes, birds, and other wildlife. This publication describes the biology of freshwater fish and conservation concerns.
Virginia Cooperative Extension materials are available for public use, reprint, or citation without further permission, provided the use includes credit to the author and to Virginia Cooperative Extension, Virginia Tech, and Virginia State University.
Issued in furtherance of Cooperative Extension work, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Virginia State University, and the U.S. Department of Agriculture cooperating. Edwin J. Jones, Director, Virginia Cooperative Extension, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg; M. Ray McKinnie, Administrator, 1890 Extension Program, Virginia State University, Petersburg.
February 11, 2020