This publication is available in a PDF file format only.
Turtles are freshwater, marine, and terrestrial vertebrates with a shell. Many species of turtles worldwide and in the United States are in need of conservation. This publication describes turtle biology, their ecological and cultural value, and threats to turtle populations.
Virginia Cooperative Extension materials are available for public use, reprint, or citation without further permission, provided the use includes credit to the author and to Virginia Cooperative Extension, Virginia Tech, and Virginia State University.
Virginia Cooperative Extension is a partnership of Virginia Tech, Virginia State University, the U.S. Department of Agriculture, and local governments. Its programs and employment are open to all, regardless of age, color, disability, gender, gender identity, gender expression, national origin, political affiliation, race, religion, sexual orientation, genetic information, military status, or any other basis protected by law.
March 19, 2020