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Drainage of excess soil water is essential to sustainable agronomic production on many soils in the Mid-Atlantic region. Drainage can improve crop yields, reduce year-to-year yield variability, and provide trafficable conditions for field operations at critical times of planting or harvest. Drainage system design and management can impact crop production and have environmental consequences. This fact sheet presents the benefits and potential consequences of artificially draining agricultural land, the steps to follow when considering a drainage system, and some aspects of proper drainage system operation and management.
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June 7, 2022