ID

AAEC-191NP

Authors as Published

Stephen Clements, Graduate Student, Department of Wildlife, Fisheries & Aquaculture, Mississippi State; Brian Dorr, Research Wildlife Biologist, US Department of Agriculture, Wildlife Services, National Wildlife Research Center, Mississippi Field Station; Carole Engle, Director, Engle-Stone Aquatic$, LLC, Adjunct faculty, Virginia Seafood Agricultural and Extension Center, Virginia Tech; Luke Roy, Extension Specialist and Associate Research Professor, Auburn University; Anita Kelly, Extension Specialist and Research Professor, Auburn University; Jonathan van Senten, Assistant Professor and Extension Specialist, Virginia Seafood Agricultural and Extension Center, Virginia Tech; and Brian Davis, Associate Professor, Kennedy Chair Waterfowl & Wetlands Ecology, Department of Wildlife, Fisheries & Aquaculture, Mississippi State

This publication is available in a PDF file format only.

Baitfish farmers raise several different species of fish, often called minnows, to sell as live bait for anglers across the United States. Many baitfish farms are located in a major flyway used by migrating birds. Scaup depredation is highly variable and fluctuates annually and even from farm to farm based on weather patterns, prey availability, and other factors. Losses of baitfish to avian predators occur in spite of intensive efforts by baitfish farmers to scare birds from their farms. The combined economic effect of lost revenue from fish losses and the expense of scaring birds decreased overall profit margins by $251/acre to $300/acre.


Virginia Cooperative Extension materials are available for public use, reprint, or citation without further permission, provided the use includes credit to the author and to Virginia Cooperative Extension, Virginia Tech, and Virginia State University.

Issued in furtherance of Cooperative Extension work, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Virginia State University, and the U.S. Department of Agriculture cooperating. Edwin J. Jones, Director, Virginia Cooperative Extension, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg; M. Ray McKinnie, Administrator, 1890 Extension Program, Virginia State University, Petersburg.

Publication Date

July 8, 2019