This publication is available in a PDF file format only.
This publication outlines how to quantify and use manure nutrients as a crop fertilizer on small farms to prevent environmental damage that may be caused by nutrient losses. Characteristics of manure from different livestock species are presented and examples of how to conduct calculations to estimate the value of manure are presented.
Virginia Cooperative Extension materials are available for public use, reprint, or citation without further permission, provided the use includes credit to the author and to Virginia Cooperative Extension, Virginia Tech, and Virginia State University.
Issued in furtherance of Cooperative Extension work, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Virginia State University, and the U.S. Department of Agriculture cooperating. Edwin J. Jones, Director, Virginia Cooperative Extension, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg; M. Ray McKinnie, Administrator, 1890 Extension Program, Virginia State University, Petersburg.
December 17, 2018