|Arthropod Pest Management Research on Vegetables in Virginia – 2011||Feb 1, 2012||ENTO-1|
Asparagus is a perennial vegetable that will live from 12 to 15 years or longer. It is one of the most valuable of the early vegetables and is well adapted to freezer storage. During the harvest period (traditionally spring, but see below for summer harvest instructions), the spears develop daily from underground crowns. Asparagus does well where winters are cool and the soil occasionally freezes at least a few inches deep; it is considered very hardy.
|Mar 6, 2015||426-401(HORT-152P)|
Environmental PreferencesLight: sunny
Fertility: medium rich
pH: 5.8 - 7.0
Temperature: warm (65 degrees - 80 degrees) except fava beans
|Apr 16, 2015||426-402 (HORT-145P)|
|Benefits of an Insecticide Seed Treatment for Pumpkin Production in Virginia||
In recent years cucurbit growers in the Mid-Atlantic U.S. could purchase their seeds pre-treated with the neonicotinoid insecticide thiamethoxam. The insecticide seed treatment is currently packaged as FarMore F1400, which also includes three proven and complementary fungicides that provide the first line of defense against several key seed and seedling diseases including Rhizoctonia, Fusarium, Pythium, general damping-off and seedling blight. The seed treatment is relatively cheap (less than $1 per acre), and has become widely used by growers. However, as the use of neonicotinoids have become controversial, particularly as it relates to pollinator protection issues, some growers have asked whether the thiamethoxam is really needed. In this bulletin, we hope to provide some information that might be helpful to answering that question.
|Dec 21, 2015||ENTO-174NP|
|Cole Crops or Brassicas||
All of the following crops are members of the cabbage family. It is best not to plant cabbage family crops in the same spot year after year, since diseases and insect pests will build up. Rotate crops within your garden.
|Apr 21, 2015||426-403 (HORT-156P)|
|Corn Earworm on Vegetables||Mar 22, 2011||3103-1537|
|Cucumbers, Melons and Squash||
Varieties include both the slicer or fresh salad type and the pickle type (which can also be used fresh); vined, dwarfvined and bush varieties; all female or all-female seedless (no pollination required); burpless; and, various mixtures of these characteristics. Disease resistance is available in many varieties.
|Mar 16, 2015||426-406 (HORT-147P)|
|Herb Culture and Use||
Herbs have been used for seasoning, medicine, fragrance, and sorcery for thousands of years. Tarragon, rosemary, and thyme are among the most ancient of seasonings, yet there are few culinary achievements that can top good poultry roasted with these three herbs.
|Nov 11, 2011||426-420|
|IMPACT: Virginia Winter Fruit School Impact||May 13, 2015||AREC-135NP|
|Integrated Pest Management for Vegetable Gardens||
Maintain a slightly acid soil (around pH 6.5). If in doubt, have a soil analysis done through your local Extension office, by a private lab, or with a commercial soil test kit. Lime can be used to increase soil pH and sulfur can lower it.
Maintain adequate levels of soil fertility through additions of potassium and phosphorus releasing materials, such as commercial fertilizers or animal manures. Soil testing should be done every three years to determine levels of these important nutrients.
Build a biologically active, healthy soil through regular addition of organic matter, such as yard waste, compost, and manure.
For planting areas not being cropped, grow annual cover crops, such as clover or rye grass, to provide additional organic matter.
Till the soil in the fall to expose pests living near the surface to natural enemies and weather, and to destroy insects overwintering in crop residues.
|May 1, 2009||426-708||
|Leafy Green Vegetables||
Lettuce, a cool-season vegetable crop, is one of the easiest to grow. Lettuce withstands light frost; however, sunlight and high summer temperatures usually cause seedstalk formation (bolting) and bitter flavor. Slow-bolting or heat-resistant varieties are available and are recommended for extending the lettuce-growing season.
|Mar 16, 2015||426-408 (HORT-148P)|
|Nitrogen Management for White Potato Production||
One of the challenges of white potato production, as with any crop, is the efficient management of nitrogen
|Sep 28, 2009||438-012|
|Onions, Garlic, and Shallots||
Onions are often grouped according to taste. The two main types of onions are strong flavored (American) and mild (often called European). Each has three distinct colors, yellow, white, and red. In general, the American onion produces bulbs of smaller size, denser texture, stronger flavor, and better keeping quality than European types. Globe varieties tend to keep longer in storage.
|Mar 16, 2015||426-411(HORT-143P)|
|Performance of Insecticides on Brown Marmorated Stink Bug on Vegetables||Dec 14, 2012||ENTO-28NP|
|Pest Management Guide: Field Crops, 2016||Jan 26, 2016||456-016 (ENTO-167P)|
|Pest Management Guide: Home Grounds and Animals, 2016||Feb 1, 2016||456-018 (ENTO-166P)|
|Pest Management Guide: Horticultural and Forest Crops, 2016||Jan 26, 2016||456-017 (ENTO-163P)|
|Planning the Vegetable Garden||
How much time will you be able to devote to your garden on a regular basis? The answer to this question will dictate the size of your garden. You must remember that, once planted, the garden will have to be weeded once a week, irrigated during droughts, and vegetables harvested when ripe. Depending on the type of vegetables, you may also need to undertake pest control measures.
|Dec 11, 2015||426-312 (HORT-209P)|
|Potatoes, Peppers and Eggplant||
Environmental PreferencesLIGHT: Sunny.
SOIL: Well-drained with moderate organic matter.
pH: 4.8 to 6.5
TEMPERATURE: Cool (55 TO 65°F).
MOISTURE: Uniform moisture, especially while tubers are developing.
|Apr 16, 2015||426-413 (HORT-146P)|
|Root Crops||Mar 5, 2015||426-422 (HORT-150P)|
|Small Fruit in the Home Garden||
The small fruits offer advantages over fruit trees for home culture. They require a minimum of space for the amount of fruit produced and bear one or two years after planting. Also, pest control typically is easier than with most tree fruits.
Success with a small fruit planting will depend on the attention given to all phases of production: variety selection, soil management, fertilization, pruning, and pest control. Plant only what you can care for properly. It is better to have a well-attended, small planting than a neglected, large one.
|May 1, 2009||426-840|
|Southeastern U.S. 2016 Vegetable Crop Handbook||Feb 17, 2016||AREC-66NP (AREC-169NP)|
|Sprouting Seeds For Food||
Seeds themselves are a very nutritious form of food because they contain proteins, carbohydrates, vitamins, minerals, and oils that a beginning plant needs to grow. Many of these constituents are increased greatly when the seeds are sprouted.
If their presence in restaurant salad bars and in grocery stores is any indication, the popularity of sprouts is increasing. It's very easy to grow your own sprouts at home with a minimum of supplies.
|Mar 6, 2015||426-419 (HORT-154P)|
Sweet corn varieties differ significantly in time to maturity and in quality; yellow, white, bi-color, standard, and extra-sweet varieties are available. Most varieties planted are hybrids which have been bred for greater vigor and higher yields. A continuous harvest can be planned by planting early, mid-season, and late-season varieties or by making successive plantings of the same variety every two weeks or when the last planting has three to four leaves (corn sown in early spring will take longer because of cool temperatures).
|Mar 16, 2015||426-405 (HORT-151P)|
Tomatoes are valuable garden plants in that they require relatively little space for large production. Each standard tomato plant, properly cared for, yields 10 to 15 pounds or more of fruit.
|Mar 17, 2015||426-418 (HORT-142P)|
|Tools to More Efficiently Manage In-Season Corn Nitrogen Needs||Sep 2, 2009||2909-1410|
|Tree Fruit in the Home Garden||
It is desirable to locate the fruit planting as close to your home as possible. Where space is limited, fruit trees may be set in almost any location suitable for ornamental plants. Consider the mature size of the tree when designing the planting.
|Feb 11, 2015||426-841 (HORT-101P)|
|Vegetables Recommended for Virginia||
Table of vegetable recommendations for Virginia.
|May 1, 2009||426-480|