Resources for Vegetables & Specialty Crops

Title Available As Summary Date ID Author
Cabbage Webworm May 1, 2009 2811-1022
Wireworm Pest Management in Potatoes May 1, 2009 2812-1026
Potato Aphid on Tomatoes May 1, 2009 2901-1031
Green Peach Aphid on Vegetables May 1, 2009 2902-1081
Getting Started in Asparagus Production Part 4: Field Care Jul 16, 2009 2906-1295
Getting Started in Asparagus Production Part 1: Asparagus Varieties Jul 16, 2009 2906-1296
Getting Started in Asparagus Production Part 3: Harvest Jul 16, 2009 2906-1297
Managing Plant Diseases with Biofungicides Jul 17, 2009 2906-1298
Bt Sweet Corn: What Is It and Why Should We Use It? Jul 17, 2009 2906-1300
Crop Yields for Vegetables and Small Fruits Grown on Raised Beds with Plastic Mulch and Drip Irrigation Jul 17, 2009 2906-1302
Do Fall Crucifers Have A Place In Virginia? Jul 21, 2009 2906-1304
Getting Started in Asparagus Productions Jul 21, 2009 2906-1305
Taking Another Look At Globe Artichokes At Virginia Tech Jul 21, 2009 2906-1306
Tips for Handling Gourds this Fall Season Jul 21, 2009 2906-1307
Seed-Piece Treatments for Insect Control in Potatoes Jul 21, 2009 2906-1310
Keeping Produce Safe During the Harvest Season Jul 22, 2009 2906-1311
Specialty Crop Profile: Pawpaw (part 1) Jul 22, 2009 2906-1318
Specialty Crop Profile: Pawpaw (part 2) Jul 22, 2009 2906-1319
Consider Rhubarb as an Addition to Your Spring Roadside Market Mix Jul 23, 2009 2906-1322
Considering Specialty Crops? Jul 24, 2009 2906-1325
Tomato Spotted Wilt Virus Jul 24, 2009 2906-1326
Scouting for Wireworms before Planting Vegetables Jul 24, 2009 2906-1329
Controlling Bean Leaf Beetle on Snap Beans Jul 16, 2009 2906-1332
Consumer Campaign Targets Ethnic Produce at Arlington Markets Jul 27, 2009 2906-1335
Management of Aphids in Spinach Jul 27, 2009 2906-1338
New Pumpkin Guide Released By NRAES Jul 27, 2009 2906-1341
Organic Production of Watermelons Jul 27, 2009 2906-1342
Pumpkin and Winter Squash Harvest and Storage Jul 28, 2009 2906-1344
Specialty Crop Profile: Ginseng Jul 28, 2009 2906-1345
Time to Plant Garlic Jul 28, 2009
Asparagus Beetles on Asparagus Jul 29, 2009 2906-1352
Chemical Control of European Corn Borer in Bell Pepper Jul 29, 2009 2906-1355
Sampling for European Corn Borer in Bell Pepper Jul 30, 2009 2906-1356
Cruiser 5FS: Supplemental Label for Use on Edible Beans Jul 30, 2009 2906-1357
Evaluating Vegetable Transplants Apr 24, 2015 2906-1358 (AREC-140P)
Glorious Garlic, Herb of the Year 2004 Jul 31, 2009 2906-1360
Specialty Crop Profile: Popcorn Aug 4, 2009 2906-1364
Potential for Vegetables During the Strawberry Season Aug 4, 2009 2906-1365
Pumpkin Post Harvest Handling Aug 4, 2009 2906-1367
Consider Pumpkins and Gourds for Fall Harvest Crop Options Aug 4, 2009 2906-1368
Specialty Crop Profile: Blueberries for the Upper Piedmont and Mountain Regions - Part 2 Aug 11, 2009 2906-1380
Downy Mildew in Cucurbits: Occurence of QOI Resistance in the USA and Impact on Managing Disease Aug 12, 2009 2906-1385
New Regulation of Wild American Ginseng Harvest and Sale Aug 17, 2009 2906-1388
No-till Organic Culture of Garlic Utilizing Different Cover Crop Residues and Straw Mulch for Over-wintering Protection, Under Two Seasonal Levels of Organic Nitrogen Aug 17, 2009 2906-1389
Potato Seed Selection and Management
Selection of good quality seed is essential for Virginia growers. We often plant under less than ideal growing conditions in cold, wet soils. Seed need to be disease-free, physiologically young, handled gently and stored with care. Select disease-free seed lots. Commercial lots of seed must be inspected upon arrival by the Virginia Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services Inspection Service. Avoid planting seed pieces with scab lesions as seed-borne scab can contaminate fields without a prior history of scab.
Apr 27, 2015 2906-1391 (HORT-172NP)
Use of In-furrow Fungicide Treatments and Seedpiece Dusts for Disease Control in White Potato Aug 18, 2009 2906-1394
Japanese Beetle Pest Management in Primocane-Bearing Raspberries Sep 15, 2009 2909-1411
Leaf‐ Footed Bugs Dec 21, 2010 3012-1522
Arthropod Pest Management Research on Vegetables in Virginia – 2010
This booklet contains arthropod pest management research conducted on vegetable crops in eastern Virginia in 2010.
Feb 22, 2011 3102-1532
Monitoring and Management of Beet Armyworm and Other Rind-feeding Larvae in Watermelon Apr 21, 2011 3104-1540
Growing American Ginseng (Panax quinquefolius) in Forestlands Jan 13, 2011 354-313
Tomato Variety Trial, 2006 May 1, 2009 423-401
Selected Vegetable Diseases Jul 2, 2015 426-363(HORT-179P)
String Trellising of Tomatoes to Improve Quality and Profits May 1, 2009 438-017
Specialty Crop Profile: Pumpkins May 1, 2009 438-100
Specialty Crop Profile: Ornamental Gourds May 1, 2009 438-101
Specialty Crop Profile: Asparagus
Asparagus, (Asparagus officinalis), is a hardy perennial vegetable belonging to the Lily Family. It is grown for its succulent early spring vegetative shoots that originate from an underground crown (Figure 1). Nutritionally, asparagus is almost 92 percent water, and it provides fairly high amounts of carbohydrates, vitamin A, riboflavin, niacin, thiamine, and phosphorus. A native of coastal Europe, asparagus has naturalized over much of the eastern United States. With the assistance of man and birds that have spread the seeds, asparagus can be found in gardens, old homesteads, fencerows, roadsides, and railroad right of ways across the state. It is well adapted to most of Virginia, preferring well-drained loam soils and easily tolerating winter cold and summer heat. Asparagus is long lived, and a well-managed planting can last 10 to 15 years. For those considering it as a potential crop, good planning and soil preparation are essential for long-term success.
Jan 28, 2015 438-102 (HORT-91P)
Specialty Crop Profile: Horseradish May 1, 2009 438-104
Specialty Crop Profile: Globe Artichoke
Globe artichoke (Cynara scolymus L.) is an herbaceous perennial that is grown for its tender, edible, immature flower buds. The globe artichoke should not be confused with Jerusalem artichoke, another member of the composite family native to North America, which is grown for its fleshy tubers. Globe artichoke plants can become large: four to five feet tall and wide, with long, heavily serrated silvery green leaves (Figure 1a).
Jan 28, 2015 438-108 (HORT-92P)
Specialty Crop Profile: Rhubarb May 1, 2009 438-110
Forced-Air Produce Cooler
Field heat removal from freshly harvested produce is critical for subsequent handling and storage. Heat removal should be done immediately after harvest to maximize storage potential of the produce. The longer heat removal is delayed, the shorter the shelf life. Force air cooling has been design to remove field heat to bring the produce temperature down to the storage temperature.
Jan 28, 2015 442-060 (AREC-118P)
Pepper Maggot in Sweet (Bell) Pepper May 1, 2009 444-005
European Corn Borer in Sweet (Bell) Pepper May 1, 2009 444-006
Diamondback Moth in Virginia May 1, 2009 444-007
Bean Leaf Beetle Biology and Management in Snap Beans May 1, 2009 444-009
Colorado Potato Beetle May 1, 2009 444-012
Fall Armyworm in Vegetable Crops May 1, 2009 444-015
Asparagus Beetles May 1, 2009 444-620
Stink Bugs May 1, 2009 444-621
Anthracnose on Snap Beans
Anthracnose is a major disease of the common snap bean (Phaseolus vulgaris) and can occur on other legumes. It is caused by the fungus Colletotrichum lindemuthianum. When environmental conditions are favorable, crop losses can be as high as 100 percent on susceptible cultivars of snap beans.
Jan 29, 2014 450-719 (PPWS-26NP)
Pest Management Guide: Field Crops, 2017 Feb 17, 2017 456-016 (ENTO-221P)
Pest Management Guide: Horticultural and Forest Crops, 2017 Feb 17, 2017 456-017 (ENTO-222P)
2017 Mid-Atlantic Commercial Vegetable Production Recommendations
New varieties and strains of vegetables are constantly being developed throughout the world and it is impossible to list and describe all of them, only those that are available and are adapted to the mid-Atlantic region are listed in this publication.
Mar 6, 2017 456-420 (AREC-203P)
The Basics of Hardwood-Log Shiitake Mushroom Production and Marketing
Shiitake mushroom production offers an income opportunity for Virginia’s small-farm operators and smallwoodlot owners while providing enjoyment for others. It is also a relatively simple food-production activity, like gardening, that can be a hobby or used for teaching. This publication describes a technique for shiitake production and marketing that can be used and adapted by Virginia farmers, hobbyists, or teachers. It describes common techniques based on the available research, as well as areas of disagreement and typical difficulties producers may face, such as pests. In addition to production methods, this publication describes some of the basics of the finances and marketing of shiitake mushrooms for those interested in using them for income production.
Apr 3, 2014 ANR-102P
IMPACT: Virginia Potato Disease Advisory Impact
Potatoes are a major food crop on the Eastern Shore of Virginia, with average annual cash receipts of $14 million (2011-13).
Nov 13, 2014 ANR-105P
2015 Virginia OnFarm Soybean Test Plots
These demonstration and research plot results are a collaborative effort of Virginia Cooperative Extension (VCE) Agents and Specialists, area producers, and agribusiness. The purpose of this publication is to provide researchbased information to aid in the decisionmaking process for soybean producers in Virginia.
Jan 25, 2016 ANR-177NP
Peanut Variety and Quality Evaluation Results, 2015 I. Agronomic and Grade Data
Due to suitability to the environmental conditions and existence of a strong peanut industry tailored to process primarily the large-seeded Virginia-type peanut, growers in Virginia, North Carolina, and South Carolina generally grow Virginia-type cultivars.
Jan 25, 2016 AREC-164NP
Southeastern U.S. 2016 Vegetable Crop Handbook
New varieties and strains of particular varieties of vegetables are constantly being developed throughout the world. Since it is impossible to list and describe all of them, only some of the better performing commercial types are listed in the specific crop section, either alphabetically or in order of relative maturity from early to late. These varieties are believed to be suitable for commercial production under most conditions.
Feb 22, 2017 AREC-66NP (AREC-169NP)
Soybean Growth and Development
Proper management of the soybean crop requires knowledge of how environmental conditions and pests affect growth during vegetative and reproductive stages. For example, too little or too much soil moisture at certain stages may hinder growth and lower yield, and insect pests may damage the crop at one stage but not another. The information below can help you determine the proper timing of various management practices.
Nov 13, 2015 CSES-134NP
Diagnosing stink bug injury to vegetables
In the mid-Atlantic U.S. vegetable crops are attacked by several different stink bug species (1). The primary pest species include: the invasive brown marmorated stink bug (BMSB), Halyomorpha halys, which has become the dominant species in most landscapes (2), brown stink bug, Euschistus servus Say, which is the most common species attacking tomatoes; green stink bug, Chinavia hilaris Say (3); and harlequin bug, Murgantia histrionica, which is primarilly a pest of brassica vegetables only (4). All stink bugs are piercing sucking feeders that insert their stylets into the fruit, pods, buds, leaves, and stems of plants.
Nov 13, 2015 ENTO-173NP
Performance of Insecticides on Brown Marmorated Stink Bug on Vegetables Dec 14, 2012 ENTO-28NP
Hops in Virginia – 2014 Grower Survey
Hops (Humulus lupulus) are an essential component of beer production. Though hops have been grown in Virginia since the 1700s, Virginia hop production has been relatively insignificant until the past decade. Most major hop production in the U.S. takes place in Washington, Oregon, and Idaho. However, in recent years, the number of craft breweries in Virginia has increased, and interest in local hop production has grown. The number of requests from current and potential growers seeking information and resources from Virginia Cooperative Extension has also increased steadily. Unfortunately, prior to 2014, no means were available to formally assess the scope of the industry, and national hop acreage reports did not provide data for Virginia.
Mar 6, 2015 HORT-167P
Hops in Virginia: Need-to-Know Information about Extension Resources May 7, 2015 HORT-182NP
Hops in Virginia: Need-to-Know Information about the Industry
Background: Hops were grown in Virginia even in the days of Thomas Jefferson, but production eventually shifted away from the east coast in favor of the Pacific Northwest. For the past few decades, hops have not been grown commercially on a substantial level in Virginia. However, beginning several years ago when the craft brewing industry surged, renewed interest in hops production led to a rapid increase in the number of hobby and commercial hops growers. A fall 2014 survey showed approximately 50 growers in the state, but as of 2015 many new growers have been added to the ranks. Much of the production is clustered in Northern Virginia and the I-81 and I-64 corridors, but growers can be found in all regions of the state stretching from Southeast to Southwest Virginia.
Mar 6, 2017 HORT-183NP (ANR-254NP)
Vertical Gardening Using Trellises, Stakes, and Cages
Vertical gardening is the practice of “gardening up,” in which a variety of structures are used to elevate plant growth to take advantage of vertical space. Vertical gardening is well-suited to urban areas where space is limited and gardeners are interested in using space most efficiently. Balconies, decks, patios, windowsills, fence lines, and backyard gardens are excellent places to practice vertical gardening. This publication will describe the use of vertical gardening techniques to get the most out of growing vegetables and other plants in these small spaces.
May 7, 2015 HORT-189NP
Wine Making for the Home Gardener
Wine making has increased in popularity as a hobby for home gardeners who have taken the science and craft beyond the grape vineyard to the bramble patch, vegetable garden, and flower garden. The American Homebrewers Association estimates that more than one million Americans brew beer or make wine at home at least once a year.
Feb 4, 2016 HORT-213NP
What in the World? International Produce Takes a Stand at Virginia Farmers Markets May 25, 2016 HORT-225NP
Evaluation of Blackberry Varieties in Virginia
Blackberries (Rubus spp.) are of interest among strawberry and vegetable growers in Virginia looking to diversify their crops. Including blackberries in farm plans could allow these growers to keep their farms and pick-your-own activities open to customers for a longer duration, increasing agritourism and sales; however, Virginia growers lack information on blackberry varieties that perform well in the state.
Oct 7, 2016 HORT-226P
GAPs and FSMA – an Overview for Hop Growers in Virginia
Food safety is a hot topic for hop growers and brewers. With multiple acronyms for various practices, standards, and regulations: GAPs, FSMA, PSR, PCR, and more; the confusion is understandable. Let’s examine where the small-acreage hop grower fits in. This fact sheet serves as an orientation to these standards,regulations, and practices as they may apply to hops; it is in no way a complete set of guidelines or substitute for training.
Dec 20, 2016 HORT-237NP