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Virginia State University

Title Summary Date ID Author(s)
2008 Virginia On-Farm Corn Test Plots May 1, 2009 2812-1025
2009 Virginia On-Farm Corn Test Plots

The research and demonstration plots discussed in this publication are a cooperative effort by thirteen Virginia Cooperative Extension Agents and Specialists, numerous producers, local soil and water conservation districts, and many members of the agribusiness community. The fieldwork and printing of this publication is mainly supported by the Virginia Corn Check-Off Fund through the Virginia Corn Board. Anyone who would like a copy should contact their local extension agent, who can request a copy from the Northumberland County Extension office.

Jan 27, 2010 3001-1434
2010 Virginia On-Farm Corn Test Plots Dec 21, 2010 3012-1521
2010 Virginia On-Farm Soybean Test Plots Jan 24, 2011 3101-1524
2011 Virginia On-Farm Corn Test Plots (formerly VCE pub #3012-1521)

Corn hybrid selection is becoming increasingly challenging.  With more seed companies and more GMO options and seed treatment packages than ever before, it can be very difficult to decide which hybrids to plant.  We evaluated early season hybrids (107 day RM or less) and mid season hybrids (108-112 day RM) at 5 locations and full season hybrids (113 day RM or more) at 3 locations.  In a year where rainfall patterns in general favored later hybrids, across all locations the mid season and full season hybrids averaged 20 bushels per acre or more than the early season hybrids.  Corn producers should continue to plant hybrids across all maturity ranges as a method for spreading out risk to adverse weather.

Dec 9, 2011 ANR-2
2011 Virginia On-Farm Small Grain Test Plots

The demonstration and research plot results discussed in this publication are a cooperative effort by six Virginia Cooperative Extension agents, extension specialists from Virginia Tech, and an assistant professor at the Virginia State University School of Agriculture.  We are proud to present this year’s on-farm small grain plot work to you.  The 2010-11 small grain season resulted in some excellent yields as timely planting, timely rainfall, and a cool, relatively dry grain fill period were all very positive for the wheat and barley crops.  With July 2012 wheat futures prices currently trading over $7.00 per bushel, the outlook for the 2012 crop is good.  We hope the information in this publication will help farmers produce a profitable crop.

Aug 12, 2011 3108-1593
2011 Virginia On-Farm Soybean Test Plots Jan 17, 2012 ANR-8
2012 Virginia On-Farm Corn Test Plots Nov 29, 2012 ANR-31NP
2012 Virginia On-Farm Small Grain Test Plots

The demonstration and research plot results discussed in this publication are a cooperative effort by four Virginia Cooperative Extension agents, extension specialists from Virginia Tech, and an assistant professor at the Virginia State University School of Agriculture. We are proud to present this year’s on-farm small grain plot work to you. The 2011-12 small grain season was challenging. Wet conditions in the fall hampered planting and caused stand losses in some fields. Precipitation was well below normal and temperatures were well above normal for January through mid April. Dry conditions decreased tillering and overall growth of the crop. Widespread rainfall on April 22nd basically saved the crop. Some late season diseases developed in some fields. With July 2013 wheat futures prices currently trading over $8.00 per bushel, the outlook for the 2013 crop is very good. We hope the information in this publication will help farmers produce a profitable crop.

Jul 20, 2012 ANR-19NP
2012 Virginia On-Farm Soybean Test Plots Jan 11, 2013 ANR-37NP
2013 Virginia On-Farm Corn Test Plots Dec 4, 2013 ANR-96NP
2014 Virginia On-Farm Corn Test Plots Dec 11, 2014 ANR-134NP
2015 Virginia On-Farm Corn Test Plots

The research and demonstration plots discussed in this publication are a cooperative effort by eight Virginia Cooperative Extension employees, a faculty member at Virginia State University, numerous producers, and many members of the agribusiness community.  The field work and printing of this publication are mainly supported by the Virginia Corn Check-Off Fund through the Virginia Corn Board.  Anyone who would like a copy should contact their local extension agent, who can request a copy from the Essex County Extension office.

Dec 14, 2015 ANR-172NP
Adding Cut Flowers May Increase Profits

Vegetable growers who sell produce at farmers' markets, at roadside stands, to restaurants and to local supermarkets may find that they can bring in additional income by adding fresh cut flowers to the inventory of products they sell.

Jul 15, 2009 2906-1331
Advice For Beginning Farmers - Porcello Farm - Spring 2015 Jul 12, 2016 AEE-136NP
Agri-Tourism May 1, 2009 310-003
Assessing Community Needs for Child Care

The need for child care has been documented nationally through state and national efforts, publications, and demographic studies by public, private, and federal agencies and organizations that serve the interests of children and families.

May 1, 2009 350-056
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Or Additional Difficulties Hampering Development

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is the most commonly diagnosed behavioral disorder of childhood, estimated to affect 3 to 5 percent of school age children.

May 1, 2009 350-051
Building Relationships & New Farmer Start-up Advice - Browntown Farms - Summer 2015 Jul 12, 2016 AEE-139NP
Children and Stress: Caring Strategies to Guide Children

As adults, we are usually busy as parents and workers and often feel stressed and experience burn-out at times, but would you ever think that children can experience stress too?

May 1, 2009 350-054
Communicating with Young Children

Communicating positively with young children helps them develop confidence, feelings of self‑worth, and good relationships with others. It also helps make life with young children more pleasant for children and parents.

May 1, 2009 350-022
Conducting 4-H Community Service Learning Projects Oct 2, 2009 384-160
Dealing With the Angry Child

Helping children learn to handle their angry feelings can be a frustrating problem for most parents and teachers.

May 1, 2009 350-021
Developing Responsibility And Self Management In Young Children: Goals Of Positive Behavior Management

Child care providers who are good facilitators of the social development of young children also understand the relationship between child care curriculum, care giver demeanor, and discipline in promoting responsibility and a sense of community among young children.

May 1, 2009 350-052
Discipline for Young Children - A Look At Discipline

Discipline is one of the biggest problems that every parent faces. You probably have wondered: “Was I too harsh?” “Did I do the right thing when I spanked Thomas?” “Am I being too easy on my children?” or “What on earth am I going to do now!”

May 1, 2009 350-110
Discipline for Young Children - Discipline and Punishment: What is the Difference?

Effective discipline helps children learn to control their behavior so that they act according to their ideas of what is right and wrong, not because they fear punishment. For example, they are honest because they think it is wrong to be dishonest, not because they are afraid of getting caught.

May 1, 2009 350-111
Discipline for Young Children - Responding to Misbehavior

Sometimes parents are forced to take action despite all their efforts to prevent misbehavior. They may have tried changing the setting, using more “do’s” than “don’t’s,” checked on the child’s health needs, and still be faced with quarreling, misbehaving children.

May 1, 2009 350-114
Discipline for Young Children - To Prevent Misbehavior

It is easier on the parent and the child to keep misbehavior from happening than to deal with it afterward.

May 1, 2009 350-113
Discipline for Young Children - Why Children Misbehave

Children misbehave for many reasons. Once you understand why they misbehave, it is easier to know what to do about it. Ask yourself, “Why are they acting this way? What are they trying to gain by misbehaving?”

May 1, 2009 350-112
Discipline: When Children Argue and Fight

Most brothers and sisters argue and fight and most parents feel it is their duty to find out who is guilty of starting the conflict and then punishing him or her.

May 1, 2009 350-023
Example Survey for Determining New Farmers Market Feasibility

Inspired by the success of established farmers markets in surrounding areas, community organizations and
planning departments may consider starting a new farmers market in their area. Before expending limited time,
money, and labor, conducting a consumer interest survey is an important step in assessing if a new farmers
market is desired and needed in a community. The following example survey was developed to assist in
determining consumer interest in a starting a farmers market and may be adapted and utilized by extension
professionals, community organizations, planning departments, or other interested individuals in determining new farmers market feasibility.

Jul 28, 2016 ANR-216NP
Farm Labor Practices & Considerations - Agriberry - Summer 2015 Jul 25, 2016 AEE-143NP
Farm Labor Practices & Considerations - Amy's Garden - Summer 2015 Jul 25, 2016 AEE-140NP
Farm Labor Practices & Considerations - Browntown Farms - Summer 2015 Jul 12, 2016 AEE-138NP
Food Deserts in Virginia Jan 22, 2014 VCE-294NP
Getting Started & Planning Advice For New Farmers - Agriberry - Summer 2015 Jul 25, 2016 AEE-145NP
Getting Started & Planning Advice For New Farmers - Amy's Garden - Summer 2015 Jul 25, 2016 AEE-141NP
Greenhouse Heater Checklist

I received several calls, last fall and winter, about problems with greenhouse tomatoes related to heaters. Some symptoms described by growers were: "the plants are drooping but aren't wilted", "the flowers on a cluster are falling off", "the plants have a twisted appearance", and "the plants don't look like they did last year". These symptoms coupled with other factors such as: a new heater was installed, using a very old heater, and using an unvented heater could mean ethylene damage.

Aug 17, 2009 2906-1387
Growing Berries & Setting Goals - Agriberry - Summer 2015 Jul 25, 2016 AEE-144NP
Guiding the Behavior of Young Children

Guiding the behavior of young children involves establishing mutual respect and expecting cooperation. Effective
discipline is positive and child focused. It encourages self-control and appropriate behavior. Through effective
discipline, children can learn to make positive choices, learn problem-solving skills, and learn values of respect
and responsibility.

May 1, 2009 350-020
Here's To Your Family's Health

Your family’s health is very important. Lifestyle choices greatly affect your family’s health. It is up to you to
make wise nutrition and health choices for yourself and your family.

May 1, 2009 348-025
Hiring an Arborist to Care for Your Landscape Trees

Landscape trees are valuable assets to your property and for your community. Keeping your trees attractive, healthy, and safe requires careful attention to their planting and care throughout their lives. While many people have a green thumb, there are situations that arise where the expertise of an arborist is needed to address complex or potentially hazardous tree care needs. The purpose of this publication is to inform home owners, property managers, municipal planners, and others about the tree care services provided by an arborist and the steps that should be taken to hire a qualified arborist.

Dec 18, 2014 ANR-131NP
Human Growth and Development - A Matter of Principles

There is a set of principles that characterizes the pattern and process of growth and development. These principles or characteristics describe typical development as a predictable and orderly process; that is, we can predict how most children will develop and that they will develop at the same rate and at about the same time as other children. Although there are individual differences in children’s personalities, activity levels, and timing of developmental milestones, such as ages and stages, the principles and characteristics of development are universal patterns.

Jan 27, 2014 350-053 (FCS-66P)
Introduction to Labor Issues for Beginning Farmers Feb 25, 2015 AEE-106NP
Labor Situation On Porcello Farm - Spring 2015 Jul 12, 2016 AEE-135NP
Lisianthus (Eustoma Grandiflorum), A New Species for the Cut Flower Market

A wildflower known in certain western states as Prairie Gentian has fallen into the hands of plant breeders to become a really hot new cut flower species - lisianthus. This flower is beautiful. The blooms are graceful and refined. They resemble rose buds on long sturdy stems. I

Jul 22, 2009 2906-1312
Making Goodbyes Easier for Children and Parents May 1, 2009 350-025
Markets, Goals & Expansion - Browntown Farms - Summer 2015 Jul 12, 2016 AEE-137NP
Markets, Planning & Operations - Amy's Garden - Summer 2015 Jul 25, 2016 AEE-142NP
Mid-Atlantic Grain Sorghum Performance Tests 2014 Mar 6, 2015 AREC-133NP
New Regulation of Wild American Ginseng Harvest and Sale

In August of 2005, the Fish and Wildlife Service of the United States Department of the Interior enacted a new regulation that affects persons who dig wild ginseng roots and for persons who buy wild ginseng roots in Virginia. The new law requires wild roots of American ginseng, Panax quinquefolius, to be 10 years of age or older to be exported from Virginia.

Aug 17, 2009 2906-1388
New market idea: Selling woody materials from landscaping projects to craft industry

With recent fashion and home décor trends focusing on natural found elements, a potential market opportunity for the landscaping industry is emerging (HGTV.com, 2016). Media promotion of fashion and home décor termed as: forest chic, gypsy or “Boho” (also known as Bohemian) forest, rustic luxe, and vintage farmhouse inspire event planners and cottage crafters to create nature inspired events and natural crafted items.

Jul 28, 2016 ANR-215NP
One-Year Health, Mortality, and Growth in Southeast Virginia of Shortleaf Pine From Three Sources Apr 22, 2013 ANR-28P
Operations & Markets - Porcello Farm - Spring 2015 Jul 11, 2016 AEE-134NP
Organic Production of Watermelons

Seedless and seeded watermelons can be grown without the use of agricultural chemicals, for organic markets. Compared to many other fruit and vegetable crops, watermelons are not heavily attacked by either insects or diseases.

Jul 27, 2009 2906-1342
Physical Activity... A healthy habit for Life!

Years ago staying active was not an issue. But today, in our world of technology and new conveniences, most of the physical activity has been taken out of our lives. Most Americans (about 60%) no longer break a sweat on a daily basis. This lack of physical activity is having a profoundly negative effect on the health of children and adults.

May 1, 2009 348-250
Production of Dahlias as Cut Flowers

Beginning cut flower growers, dazzled by brilliant photographs, often order dahlia tubers from bulb company catalogs for Spring planting. The hopeful grower normally pays five or six dollars per plant and either receives one single tuber or a small clump of tubers that resemble little brown yams. The grower carefully plants the tubers six inches deep in early May in full sun and hopes for the best.

Aug 11, 2009 2906-1384
Results from 2016 research survey on consumption of local produce in Virginia

There appears to be a lack of published research study data on consumer motivations for purchasing local produce in Virginia. Additionally, the level of consumer awareness of labels such as “local,” “pesticide-free,” “certified organic,” “grown in Virginia,” or “superfood,” and the influence such labels have on purchasing decisions in Virginia has not been previously researched.

Sep 12, 2016 ANR-222NP
Sell Cut Flowers from Perennial Summer-flowering Bulbs

Commercial producers of field-grown flower cut flowers generally have a wide selection of crops to sell in April, May and June. Many species of annual and especially perennial cut flowers bloom during these three months. A group of plants that may offer new opportunities for sales of cut flowers during mid-summer are summer-flowering bulbs.

Aug 5, 2009 2906-1370
Specialty Muskmelons

Cantaloupe or muskmelon (Cucumis melo) production is an important vegetable crop in Virginia. In 2001, Virginia producers grew 800 acres of cantaloupes valued at $1.4 million.

Aug 7, 2009 2906-1372
The Basics of Hardwood-Log Shiitake Mushroom Production and Marketing Apr 3, 2014 ANR-102P
The Child's Self Concept: OK or NOT OK

A child who feels good about himself is satisfied with life and thinks the world is a pretty good place to live in.

May 1, 2009 350-661
Tips for Profitable Variety Selection: How to Use Data From Different Types of Variety Trials

Selecting an appropriate, high-yielding variety is one of the most important management decisions that producers make. Yield potential is clearly important, but the decision is complicated by such factors as the cropping system, the need for disease resistance, end-use quality goals, year-to-year climatic variation, and the need to select multiple varieties in order to reduce risk by spreading out flowering and maturity dates.

Jul 29, 2011 424-040
Tips on Toys

Injury prevention and your kids-The biggest threat to the health of children over age one is not some dread disease. It is accidental injury. More children are seriously hurt or killed by accidental injuries than by anything else. And many childhood injuries can be prevented by parents who know how.

May 1, 2009 350-063
Understanding Growth and Development Patterns of Infants

The first five years of life are a time of incredible growth and learning. An understanding of the rapid changes in a child’s developmental status prepares parents and caregivers to give active and purposeful attention to the preschool years and to guide and promote early learning that will serve as the foundation for later learning.

May 1, 2009 350-055
Virginia On-Farm Soybean Test Plots 2009

The purpose of the publication is to provide research-based information to aid in the decision-making process for grain producers in Virginia. It provides an unbiased evaluation of certain varieties, management practices, and new technology through on-farm replicated research using producer equipment and time. The plot work and analyzed results enable those producers to make management decisions based on research and provides them a greater opportunity to improve yields and profits, which can improve the quality of life for them and their families. The success of these on-farm plots is very dependant on the cooperative effort of the producer and the assisting agribusiness.

Mar 24, 2010 3003-1441
Virginia On-Farm Soybean Test Plots 2013 Jan 22, 2014 ANR-101NP
Virginia On-Farm Soybean Test Plots 2014 Feb 25, 2015 ANR-143NP
Virginia Tech On-Farm Small Grain Test Plots, Eastern Virginia, August 2010 Aug 19, 2010 3008-1457
Winning Ways to Talk with Young Children

Talking with children involves the exchange of words, ideas, and feelings between two people. Communication is what we say and how we say it. We communicate with looks (scowls and smiles), with actions (slaps and hugs), with silence (warm or cold), as well as with words (kind and unkind).

May 1, 2009 350-721