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Sheep & Goats

Title Summary Date ID Author(s)
Addressing the Consequences of Predator Damage to Livestock and Poultry May 1, 2009 410-030
Ammonia Emissions and Animal Agriculture

Agricultural producers are under constant pressure to minimize the impact their management practices have on the environment. Although most environmental concerns related to animal agriculture have focused on water quality during the past two decades, air quality issues have become an increasing concern. Odors have been the main air quality concern related to agricultural animal production. However, ammonia emissions from livestock and poultry operations have recently received significant attention. New air quality standards that cover ammonia emissions in the United States were adopted in 1997. These regulations will have a significant impact on the future of animal production operations. The purpose of this publication is to provide an overview of ammonia production associated with animal agriculture and to explain why it is receiving greater attention from those concerned with environmental quality.

May 1, 2009 442-110
Catastrophic Livestock and Poultry Carcass Disposal Nov 19, 2013 ANR-76NP (ANR-90NP)
Club Lamb Fungus May 1, 2009 410-018
Control of Internal Parasites in Sheep May 1, 2009 410-027
Control, Treatment, and Elimination of Foot Rot from Sheep May 1, 2009 410-028
Feeding Sheep May 1, 2009 410-853
Fencing Materials For Livestock Systems

Good fencing protects and confines valuable livestock by presenting barriers to restrict animal movement. Barriers may be physical, psychological, or a combination of both. Physical barriers consist of enough materials of sufficient strength to prevent or discourage animals from going over, under, or through the fence. Psychological barriers depend upon inflicting pain to discourage animals from challenging a physical barrier of inferior strength.

Traditional livestock fencing materials have included barbed, woven, mesh, and electrified wire, and combinations of these materials. Board fences have also been popular. These conventional materials are still widely used and make excellent fences if properly constructed. However, new materials such as high tensile wire should also be considered when selecting fencing types.

May 1, 2009 442-131
Goat-Herd Health Calendar

The goal of any goat-herd health program should be to increase efficiency and productivity. Herd health programs should include general husbandry, nutrition, and parasite and vaccination programs. Your emphasis should be on disease prevention rather than treatment. There are three major approaches for disease control:

  1. Keep resistance high.
  2. Avoid exposure.
  3. Recognize and address diseases early.
May 1, 2009 412-501
Manure Management and Environmental Stewardship Apr 1, 2010 442-309
Newborn Lamb Management May 1, 2009 410-026
Nutrient Management for Small Farms Oct 8, 2010 442-305
On Farm Mortality Disposal Options for Livestock Producers Jul 31, 2013 2909-1412 (ANR-77NP)
Poultry and Livestock Manure Storage: Management and Safety Nov 19, 2009 442-308
Profitable Artificial Rearing of Lambs May 1, 2009 410-023
Selection and Location of Poultry and Livestock Manure Storage

If you raise dairy cows, broilers, layers, turkeys, horses, beef cattle, sheep, goats, alpacas, or swine for income or a hobby, you will have to deal with the manure they produce. The amount of manure produced by the birds or animals you keep depends on their type, age, size, and diet.

Nov 19, 2009 442-307
Sheep Grazing Management May 1, 2009 410-366
Sheep Management Schedule May 1, 2009 410-365
Virginia 4-H Market Goat Project Junior Record Book Aug 27, 2013 4H-144P
Virginia 4-H Market Goat Project Senior Record Book Aug 27, 2013 4H-145P
Virginia 4-H Sheep Flock Project Junior Record Book Sep 30, 2013 4H-150P
Virginia 4-H Sheep Flock Project Senior Record Book Sep 27, 2013 4H-151P
Whole-Grain Diets For Finishing Lambs May 1, 2009 410-024