|Addressing the Consequences of Predator Damage to Livestock and Poultry||May 1, 2009||410-030|
|Ammonia Emissions and Animal Agriculture||
Agricultural producers are under constant pressure to minimize the impact their management practices have on the environment. Although most environmental concerns related to animal agriculture have focused on water quality during the past two decades, air quality issues have become an increasing concern. Odors have been the main air quality concern related to agricultural animal production. However, ammonia emissions from livestock and poultry operations have recently received significant attention. New air quality standards that cover ammonia emissions in the United States were adopted in 1997. These regulations will have a significant impact on the future of animal production operations. The purpose of this publication is to provide an overview of ammonia production associated with animal agriculture and to explain why it is receiving greater attention from those concerned with environmental quality.
|May 1, 2009||442-110|
|Catastrophic Livestock and Poultry Carcass Disposal||Nov 19, 2013||ANR-76NP (ANR-90NP)|
|Club Lamb Fungus||May 1, 2009||410-018|
|Control of Internal Parasites in Sheep||May 1, 2009||410-027|
|Control, Treatment, and Elimination of Foot Rot from Sheep||May 1, 2009||410-028|
|Feeding Sheep||May 1, 2009||410-853|
|Fencing Materials For Livestock Systems||
Good fencing protects and confines valuable livestock by presenting barriers to restrict animal movement. Barriers may be physical, psychological, or a combination of both. Physical barriers consist of enough materials of sufficient strength to prevent or discourage animals from going over, under, or through the fence. Psychological barriers depend upon inflicting pain to discourage animals from challenging a physical barrier of inferior strength.
Traditional livestock fencing materials have included barbed, woven, mesh, and electrified wire, and combinations of these materials. Board fences have also been popular. These conventional materials are still widely used and make excellent fences if properly constructed. However, new materials such as high tensile wire should also be considered when selecting fencing types.
|May 1, 2009||442-131|
|Goat-Herd Health Calendar||
The goal of any goat-herd health program should be to increase efficiency and productivity. Herd health programs should include general husbandry, nutrition, and parasite and vaccination programs. Your emphasis should be on disease prevention rather than treatment. There are three major approaches for disease control:
|May 1, 2009||412-501|
|Manure Management and Environmental Stewardship||Apr 1, 2010||442-309|
|Newborn Lamb Management||May 1, 2009||410-026|
|Nutrient Management for Small Farms||Oct 8, 2010||442-305|
|On Farm Mortality Disposal Options for Livestock Producers||Jul 31, 2013||2909-1412 (ANR-77NP)|
|Poultry and Livestock Manure Storage: Management and Safety||Nov 19, 2009||442-308|
|Profitable Artificial Rearing of Lambs||May 1, 2009||410-023|
|Selection and Location of Poultry and Livestock Manure Storage||
If you raise dairy cows, broilers, layers, turkeys, horses, beef cattle, sheep, goats, alpacas, or swine for income or a hobby, you will have to deal with the manure they produce. The amount of manure produced by the birds or animals you keep depends on their type, age, size, and diet.
|Nov 19, 2009||442-307|
|Sheep Grazing Management||May 1, 2009||410-366|
|Sheep Management Schedule||May 1, 2009||410-365|
|Virginia 4-H Market Goat Project Junior Record Book||Aug 27, 2013||4H-144P|
|Virginia 4-H Market Goat Project Senior Record Book||Aug 27, 2013||4H-145P|
|Virginia 4-H Sheep Flock Project Junior Record Book||Sep 30, 2013||4H-150P|
|Virginia 4-H Sheep Flock Project Senior Record Book||Sep 27, 2013||4H-151P|
|Whole-Grain Diets For Finishing Lambs||May 1, 2009||410-024|