|Dealing with the High Cost of Energy for Greenhouse Operations||Jun 30, 2009||430-101|
|Getting Started in the Nursery Business -- Nursery Production Options||
The nursery industry in Virginia has enjoyed an extended period of growth and expansion. Consequently, there is considerable interest in and some potential for new business opportunities in the industry. Another consequence of this period of economic growth is an increase in competition within the industry to supply the growing demand for landscape plants. Those interested in getting into the nursery business are strongly encouraged to invest their time and energy into learning as much as they can about the modern nursery industry, and the many options now available in nursery production, before they invest any money in facilities and operations.
|May 1, 2009||430-050|
|Greenhouse Heater Checklist||
I received several calls, last fall and winter, about problems with greenhouse tomatoes related to heaters. Some symptoms described by growers were: "the plants are drooping but aren't wilted", "the flowers on a cluster are falling off", "the plants have a twisted appearance", and "the plants don't look like they did last year". These symptoms coupled with other factors such as: a new heater was installed, using a very old heater, and using an unvented heater could mean ethylene damage.
|Aug 17, 2009||2906-1387|
|Monitoring Nutrients in Large Nursery Containers||
Using suction-cup lysimeters is a good way to extract the substrate solution from large containers when electrical conductivity, pH, and nutrient analyses are needed. A lysimeter, a soil water sampler, consists of a tube connected to a porous ceramic tip that is inserted into the container so that the tip rests on the bottom of the container. Lysimeters should be installed for the whole course of a growing season in large containers.
|May 1, 2009||430-070|
|Pest Management Guide: Field Crops, 2014||Feb 3, 2014||456-016 (ENTO-37P)|
|Pest Management Guide: Horticultural and Forest Crops, 2014||Jan 28, 2014||456-017 (ENTO-38P)|
|Resources for Greenhouse and Nursery Operations and Operators||
The Virginia Small Business Development Center Network
|Jul 1, 2009||430-104|
|Selecting and Using Plant Growth Regulators on Floricultural Crops||
Plant growth regulators (PGRs) are chemicals that are designed to affect plant growth and/or development (figure 1). They are applied for specific purposes to elicit specific plant responses. Although there is much scientific information on using PGRs in the greenhouse, it is not an exact science. Achieving the best results with PGRs is a combination of art and science — science tempered with a lot of trial and error and a good understanding of plant growth and development.
|Nov 18, 2013||430-102 (HORT-43P)|
|Soil Sample Information Sheet for Commercial Greenhouse and Nursery Production||Oct 14, 2013||452-126 (CSES-68NP)|
|The Basics of Fertilizer Calculations for Greenhouse Crops||Jun 30, 2009||430-100|
|Using Plant Growth Regulators on Containerized Herbaceous Perennials||
There is a tremendous diversity of herbaceous perennial plant species being grown for both the retail and landscaping sectors of the industry. Because of the diversity in species grown, there is much more unknown about perennials production than is known. Growth regulation is of particular concern. In production settings, as well as in retail locations, herbaceous perennials grown in pots tend to stretch and become leggy or simply overgrow their pots before their scheduled market date. These plants are less marketable, and harder to maintain. Many growers resort to pruning, which is not only costly in terms of labor, but also delays plant production two to four weeks.
|Jun 8, 2012||430-103 (HORT-4P)|
|Virginia Cut Holly Production: Alternative Ground Cover||
Ground covers are low-growing plants that prevent weed establishment and act as a living mulch. Desirable ground covers compete minimally for nutrients, light, water or space. They require minimal maintenance and return organic matter and nutrients to the soil (Figure 1).
Three factors help determine whether changing an existing ground cover is justified. Ask yourself these questions:
|May 1, 2009||430-466|
|Virginia Cut Holly Production: Holly Pollination and Honey Bees||
Most hollies, whether deciduous or evergreen, require a male plant as a pollinator to insure fruit set. Though some hollies will set fruit in the absence of a male, the resulting berries will have sterile seeds.
English holly (Ilex aquifolium), American holly (I. opaca) and winterberry (I. verticillata) are holly species having male and female flowers borne on separate plants (dioecious). Female plants produce flowers without viable pollen, therefore, they are dependent upon male plants for pollination.
|May 1, 2009||430-468|
|Virginia Cut Holly Production: Orchard Layout and Planting||
If you decide to grow either evergreen or deciduous hollies and have selected a location, plan the physical layout of your orchard. After designing the layout and prior to purchasing plants, prepare your land by plowing/disking, incorporating recommended fertilizers, applying herbicides and/or establishing an alternative ground cover.
|May 1, 2009||430-467|
|Virginia Cut Holly Production: Pest Management||
Insects, diseases, animals and environmental conditions can all injure holly plants. Monitor your plants frequently, and when signs or symptoms appear, use a systematic approach to diagnosing plant disorders.
Chewing InsectsHolly leaf miners are chewing insects that feed on hollies, preferably American hollies. The larvae are small, yellow maggots that tunnel between upper and lower leaf surfaces. Their feeding creates light-colored, scribble-like patterns on affected leaves. Unsightly mines result in aesthetic damage
|May 1, 2009||430-469|
|Virginia Cut Holly Production: Planning and Site Selection||
There is no substitute for careful planning when dealing with a long-term crop such as cut holly. While evergreen hollies mature in ten to twelve years, deciduous hollies take only three to four years before producing berries. Initial plant size, plus cultural practices, will determine berry production time.
Consider many factors before deciding whether to grow cut holly. If you are willing to invest in land, equipment and labor for a crop that will take several years before harvest, ask yourself the following questions. Are you willing or able to:
|May 1, 2009||430-465|
|Virginia Cut Holly Production: Pruning, Harvesting and Marketing||
Brilliant red berries make evergreen and deciduous hollies desirable as Christmas greenery. Cut holly berries and evergreen leaves are cold tolerant and retain much of their shape and color even when partially dry.
Holly cultivars vary as to the age at which the first berried branches (sprays) will be ready to harvest. On average, evergreen hollies mature in ten to twelve years while deciduous hollies take only three to four years before producing berried sprays for harvest.
|May 1, 2009||430-470|
|Virginia Cut Holly Production: Vegetation Control||
Control of grass, weeds, and brush is an important cultural practice. Before planting a holly orchard, develop a weed control strategy that will ensure good plant growth at a minimal cost. Reasons for vegetation control include:
|May 1, 2009||430-471|