|Corn Gluten Feed for Beef Cattle||Sep 30, 2009|
|15th Annual Hokie Harvest Sale||Sep 30, 2009|
|15th Annual Hokie Harvest Sale||Sep 1, 2009|
|16th Annual Hokie Harvest Sale||Sep 1, 2010|
|2009 Across-Breed EPD Table||Jun 1, 2009|
|2009 Field Day - August 5, 2009||Jul 10, 2009|
|2009 – 2010 BCIA Southwest Bull Test Season Begins||Nov 6, 2009|
|2009-2010 BCIA Bull Test Season Kicks Off||Aug 3, 2009|
|2010 Across-Breed EPD Table||Aug 11, 2010||
|2010 Culpeper Senior BCIA Bull Sale Results||Jan 1, 2011|
|2010 Virginia BCIA Southwest Bull Test & BCIA-Influenced Virginia Premium Assured Plus Bred Heifer Sale Report||Apr 30, 2010|
|2010 – 2011 BCIA Southwest Bull Test Season Begins||Dec 3, 2010|
|2010-11 BCIA Bull Test Season Initiated||Aug 1, 2011|
|2011 Across-Breed EPD Adjustments||
|Sep 9, 2011|
|2011 Southwest Bull Test: Sale, Open House, and Bred Heifer Sale||Jan 27, 2011|
|2011 State Fair of Virginia Youth Market Lamb, Commercial Ewe Lamb, Youth Market Goat and Market Beef Nomination Schedule||Jun 7, 2011|
|2011 State Fair of Virginia Youth Market Lamb, Commercial Ewe Lamb, Youth Market Goat and Market Beef Nomination Schedule||May 4, 2011|
|2011 Virginia BCIA Southwest Bull Test & BCIA-Influenced Virginia Premium Assured Plus Bred Heifer Sale Report||Apr 12, 2011|
|2011 Virginia BCIA Superior Service Award Presented to Pete Henderson||Apr 12, 2011|
|A Characterization of Direct-Market Beef Processing and Marketing in Virginia||May 11, 2009||448-123|
|A Characterization of Direct-Marketed Beef Production in Virginia||Jul 15, 2009||448-124|
|Addressing the Consequences of Predator Damage to Livestock and Poultry||May 1, 2009||410-030|
|Age and Source Verification - Capturing the Advantage||Nov 6, 2009|
|Alternative Feeds for Beef Cattle||
Feed represents the largest single production expense for cattle operations. There are many different feedstuffs that can be included in rations for cattle, and there is nothing special about particular ingredients. What matters is the nutrients they provide.
|May 1, 2009||400-230|
|Ammonia Emissions and Animal Agriculture||
Agricultural producers are under constant pressure to minimize the impact their management practices have on the environment. Although most environmental concerns related to animal agriculture have focused on water quality during the past two decades, air quality issues have become an increasing concern. Odors have been the main air quality concern related to agricultural animal production. However, ammonia emissions from livestock and poultry operations have recently received significant attention. New air quality standards that cover ammonia emissions in the United States were adopted in 1997. These regulations will have a significant impact on the future of animal production operations. The purpose of this publication is to provide an overview of ammonia production associated with animal agriculture and to explain why it is receiving greater attention from those concerned with environmental quality.
|May 1, 2009||442-110|
|An Inventory of Beef Slaughter & Processing Facilities for Virginia Direct Marketers of Beef||May 26, 2009||448-195|
|Anaplasmosis in Beef Cattle||
Anaplasmosis is an infectious disease of cattle caused by several species of the blood parasite Anaplasma. A. marginale is the most common pathogen of cattle.
|May 1, 2009||400-465|
|April Beef Management Calendar||Apr 12, 2011|
|April Beef Management Calendar||Mar 29, 2010|
|August Beef Management Calendar||Aug 1, 2011|
|August Beef Management Calendar||Aug 3, 2009|
|BCIA Culpeper Senior Bulls Sell December 10||Nov 10, 2011|
|BCIA Culpeper Senior Bulls Sell December 11||Nov 1, 2010|
|BCIA Culpeper Senior Bulls Sell December 12||Nov 6, 2009|
|Beef Cattle Breeds and Biological Types||
Worldwide there are more than 250 breeds of beef cattle. Over 60 of these breeds are present in the United States. However, a relatively small number of breeds (less than 20) constitute the majority of the genetics utilized in the U.S. for commercial beef production.
|May 1, 2009||400-803|
|Beef Cow/Calf Herd Health Program and Calendar||
It is widely agreed that prevention rather than treatment is the most economical approach to keeping disease losses low. Treatment of a disease after its onset is not always
|May 1, 2009||400-007|
|Beef Quality Assurance: The Future of Beef Marketing!||Aug 3, 2009|
|Beef Webinar Focuses on Profitable Forage Management March 15th, 6:30pm||
Dr. Ben Tracy, Associate Professor, Dept. of Crop, Soil and Environmental Sciences at Virginia Tech, will be the featured speaker for the Beef Webinar sponsored by Virginia Cooperative Extension and scheduled for 6:30 p.m., Tuesday, March 15th.
|Feb 28, 2011|
|Beef Webinar Focuses on Sound Financial Management for Cattlemen February 15th, 6:30 p.m.||Jan 27, 2011|
|Bill McDonald and McDonald Farms Named Virginia BCIA 2011 Outstanding Seedstock Producer of the Year||
Virginia BCIA is proud to present the 2011 Virginia Outstanding Seedstock Producer Award to McDonald Farms, owned and operated by the McDonald family- Martha, Bill, along with his wife, Teresa, and son, Joseph, and Jim McDonald, Jr. of Blacksburg, Virginia. After graduating from Virginia Tech in Animal Science, Bill joined the family operation and has been a driving force in developing the genetics and marketing programs of the operation and currently serves as the manager.
|Feb 28, 2011|
|Body Condition Scoring Beef Cows||
Body condition scoring (BCS) is a useful management tool for distinguishing differences in nutritional needs of beef cows in the herd. This system uses a numeric score to estimate body energy reserves in the cow.
|May 1, 2009||400-795|
|Bull Management for a Successful Breeding Season||Jun 1, 2009|
|Bull Selection: Establishing Benchmarks||Jan 27, 2011|
|Calving Emergencies in Beef Cattle: Identification and Prevention||
Calving difficulty, technically called dystocia, is a major cause of death loss in cow-calf herds. CHAPA (Cow-calf Health and Productivity Audit) studies indicate that dystocia is responsible for 33 percent of all calf losses and 15.4 percent of beef cattle breeding losses.
|May 1, 2009||400-018|
|Cattle Identification: Freeze Branding||
Individual animal identification is essential if beef producers are to properly manage animals and their production records. Yet at present, less than 50 percent of the cattle in the United States have any form of individual identification (USDA-APHIS, 1997).
|May 1, 2009||400-301|
|Considering Retained Ownership as a Marketing Option||Sep 30, 2009|
|Cow Herd Performance and Profitability: Measuring How You Stack Up||Mar 29, 2010|
|Creep Feeding Beef Calves||
Creep feeding is the managerial practice of supplying supplemental feed (usually concentrates) to the nursing calf.
|May 1, 2009||400-003|
|Crossbreeding Beef Cattle||
The economic climate of today’s beef business is challenging. Commercial cow-calf producers are faced with optimizing a number of economically important traits, while simultaneously reducing costs of production in order to remain competitive. Traits such as reproduction, growth, maternal ability, and end product merit all influence productivity and profitability of the beef enterprise.
|May 1, 2009||400-805|
|Crossbreeding “Revisited”||Oct 1, 2010|
|Crossbreeding- Its Cool Again! Part 1||Dec 3, 2009|
|Current Strategies in Parasite Control in Virginia Beef Cattle||
Many advances have been made in the field of livestock parasite control over the past few years. Because parasites decrease production, usually through decreased weight gain, advances in the control of parasites can have a direct economic impact on beef cattle operations.
|May 1, 2009||400-802|
|DNA Selection - The Basics||Nov 6, 2009|
|Dates to Remember||Oct 12, 2011|
|Dates to Remember||Sep 9, 2011|
|Dates to Remember||Aug 1, 2011|
|Dates to Remember||Jun 7, 2011|
|Dates to Remember||Feb 28, 2011|
|Dates to Remember||Jan 27, 2011|
|Dates to Remember||Jan 1, 2011|
|Dates to Remember||Dec 3, 2010|
|Dates to Remember||Nov 1, 2010|
|Dates to Remember||Oct 1, 2010|
|Dates to Remember||Sep 1, 2010|
|Dates to Remember||Aug 9, 2010|
|Dates to Remember||Apr 29, 2010|
|Dates to Remember||Mar 29, 2010|
|Dates to Remember||Dec 3, 2009|
|Dates to Remember||Dec 3, 2009|
|Dates to Remember||Nov 5, 2009|
|Dates to Remember||Sep 30, 2009|
|December Beef Management Calendar||Dec 12, 2011|
|December Beef Management Calendar||Dec 3, 2010|
|December Beef Management Calendar||Dec 3, 2009|
|Details Announced for 2011-12 Virginia BCIA Central Bull Test Station Program||Jun 7, 2011|
|Dr. Dan Moser Featured Speaker for VT Beef Webinar January 11||Dec 3, 2010|
|Dr. Dan Moser Featured Speaker for VT Beef Webinar January 11||Dec 3, 2010|
|Edgewood Angus Receives Top Honors at 2010 Culpeper Senior Bull Test||Jan 1, 2011|
|Estrus Synchronization for Heifers||
Developing replacement heifers is the most expensive enterprise in the cow-calf operation. You can increase returns to heifer development if the heifers calve at 24 months of age and calve early in the calving season.
|May 1, 2009||400-302|
|Fall 2011 VQA Sire EPD Specifications||Sep 9, 2011|
|Fall Calf Options||Mar 29, 2010|
|February Beef Management Calendar||Jan 27, 2011|
|Feeder and Stocker Health and Management Practices||
Disease represents a major problem in most feeder and stocker settings. In some instances, outbreaks of disease can result in as much as a 30% death loss. In addition, treatment costs, feed efficiency losses, and the expenditures and labor necessary for treatment, as well as the necessity of culling animals which fail to respond to treatment, make disease loss substantial in many situations.
|May 1, 2009||400-006|
|Fencing Materials For Livestock Systems||
Good fencing protects and confines valuable livestock by presenting barriers to restrict animal movement. Barriers may be physical, psychological, or a combination of both. Physical barriers consist of enough materials of sufficient strength to prevent or discourage animals from going over, under, or through the fence. Psychological barriers depend upon inflicting pain to discourage animals from challenging a physical barrier of inferior strength.
Traditional livestock fencing materials have included barbed, woven, mesh, and electrified wire, and combinations of these materials. Board fences have also been popular. These conventional materials are still widely used and make excellent fences if properly constructed. However, new materials such as high tensile wire should also be considered when selecting fencing types.
|May 1, 2009||442-131|
|First Beef Webinar Will focus on Winter Nutrition||Dec 3, 2009|
|First and Second Steps in Taking Charge of Your Cow-Calf Operation||Jul 10, 2009|
|Foot Rot in Beef Cattle||
Foot rot is a common disease of cattle that can cause severe lameness and decreased weight gain. Other common names for the disease are sore foot and foul foot.
|May 1, 2009||400-310|
|Genetic Improvement Using Young Sires With Genomic Evaluations||Apr 21, 2010||404-090|
|Getting Started in the Cattle Business in Virginia||
The beef industry consists of various segments of production. The function of this diverse industry is to produce a live beef animal from which high quality beef is ultimately delivered to the consumer. Newcomers to the business should have some understanding of the structure of the beef industry.
|May 1, 2009||400-790|
|GnRH Based Estrus Synchronization Systems for Beef Cows||
New systems of synchronizing estrus (heat) in cows for artificial insemination (AI) have been developed using commercially available Gonadotropin Releasing Hormone (GnRH). These systems allow producers to artificially inseminate cows with little or no heat detection. For the first time, producers have a reliable system that results in acceptable pregnancy rates to timed AI.
|May 1, 2009||400-013|
|Grass Tetany Season Is Around the Corner||
Early spring is usually the peak period for the occurrence of grass tetany in lactating beef cows in Virginia. Grass tetany is caused by low blood levels of magnesium and is worsened by high levels of nitrogen and potassium and low levels of calcium and magnesium intake. The lush new growth of cool season perennials and annuals consumed by spring calving cows is a recipe for trouble. Heavy nitrogen and potassium fertilization intensify the problem. This makes it more of an issue in the poultry production areas where litter is used routinely as a pasture fertilizer. Similar risks can be observed on pastures fertilized with other animal manures or bio-solids.
|Feb 28, 2011|
|Hay as Part of a Cowherd Production System||
Hay is a necessary part of cow-calf production systems in Virginia. Hay is forage which is harvested and stored in a dry form when an excess of forage is available, and fed at times when forage is limited or unavailable.
|May 1, 2009||400-002|
|Health Guarantees for Feeder Cattle||Apr 30, 2010|
|Herbage Quality, Biomass, and Animal Performance of Cattle Grazing. Part I: Forage Biomass, Botanical Composition, and Nutritive Values||Nov 19, 2009||418-151|
|Herbage Quality, Biomass, and Animal Performance of Cattle Grazing. Part II: Animal Performance||Nov 19, 2009||418-152|
|Highlights of the 2010 Hokie Harvest Sale||Dec 3, 2010|
|Hokie Harvest Sale||Oct 1, 2010|
|How Am I Going to Feed My Cows This Winter? Trying to Make Lemonade from Lemons||Oct 1, 2010|
|Implant Calves This Year?||May 4, 2011|
|January Beef Management Calendar||Jan 1, 2011|
|Johne'sDisease-Beef||Dec 12, 2011|
|July Beef Management Calendar||Jul 10, 2009|
|June Beef Management Calendar||Jun 1, 2010|
|June Beef Management Calendar||Jun 1, 2009|
|June-July Beef Management Calendar||Jun 7, 2011|
|Make Plans to Stockpile Fescue to Reduce Winter Hay Needs||Jul 10, 2009|
|Managing Pastures for the Stocker Operation||Sep 1, 2010|
|Managing Your Pastures When It Rains||Jun 1, 2009|
|Manure Management and Environmental Stewardship||Apr 1, 2010||442-309|
|March Beef Management Calendar||Feb 28, 2011|
|March Beef Management Calendar||Mar 3, 2010|
|Marketing Cull Cows in Virginia||
Cull cows and bulls represent a significant portion of the net income of Virginia beef farmers. According to the National Cattlemen’s Beef Association (NCBA) 2007 Market Cow and Bull Beef Quality Audit, the sale of cull beef and dairy cows and bulls accounts for as much as 20 percent of the income generated on these farms in the United States (NCBA 2007). Management and marketing strategies that enhance the value of these animals are worth considering. Research has also demonstrated that consumers are concerned about the well-being of the animals that produce the meat they consume (Bowling et al. 2008). Producers cannot ignore this trend.
|Oct 20, 2009||400-761|
|May Beef Management Calendar||Apr 30, 2010|
|Mullins Angus Farm Named Virginia BCIA 2011 Premier Angus Breeder and Bartenslager Award Winner||Feb 28, 2011|
|Mycoplasma in Beef Cattle||
Mycoplasma is a tiny bacterium that has a long history of causing disease in the cattle industry. Beginning in the early 2000s, it has emerged as an important entity in Virginia.
|May 1, 2009||400-304|
|November Beef Management Calendar||Nov 10, 2011|
|November Beef Management Calendar||Nov 1, 2010|
|November Beef Management Calendar||Nov 5, 2009|
|Nueropathic Hydrocephaly – Information for Cow-Calf Producers||Jul 10, 2009|
|Nutrient Management for Small Farms||Oct 8, 2010||442-305|
|Nutrition and Feeding of the Cow-Calf Herd: Digestive System of the Cow||May 1, 2009||400-010|
|Nutrition and Feeding of the Cow-Calf Herd: Essential Nutrients, Feed Classification and Nutrient Content of Feeds||
Essential nutrients are nutrients that are needed by all living things. These nutrients must either be fed or made by the animals from building blocks obtained through eating, drinking, or breathing.
|May 1, 2009||400-011|
|Nutrition and Feeding of the Cow-Calf Herd: Production Cycle Nutrition and Nutrient Requirements of Cows, Pregnant Heifers and Bulls||
Developing diets and feeding strategies for the cowherd is facilitated by a basic understanding of the production cycle of the cow and her changing nutrient requirements. By knowing and anticipating the changing nutritional needs of the cow, producers can plan their feeding programs and lower feed costs.
|May 1, 2009||400-012|
|October Beef Management Calendar||Oct 12, 2011|
|October Beef Management Calendar||Oct 1, 2010|
|October Beef Management Calendar||Sep 30, 2009|
|On Farm Mortality Disposal Options for Livestock Producers||Sep 16, 2009||2909-1412|
|Phosphorus Supplementation of Beef Cows||Jun 7, 2011|
|Pinkeye in Beef Cattle||
Pinkeye, also known as infectious bovine keratoconjunctivitis (IBK), is one of the most common diseases of beef cattle in Virginia. It is a highly contagious disease, causing inflammation of the cornea (the clear outer layer) and conjunctiva (the pink membrane lining the eyelids) of the eye.
|May 1, 2009||400-750|
|Planning the Feeding of Your Beef Herd This Winter||Nov 5, 2009|
|Planning the Feeding of Your Beef Herd This Winter - Part II||Dec 3, 2009|
|Playing the Cards You’re Dealt||Jan 27, 2011|
|Polioencephalomalacia (PEM or Polio) Associated With Feeding Corn Gluten||Mar 29, 2010|
|Poultry and Livestock Manure Storage: Management and Safety||Nov 19, 2009||442-308|
|Powell River Project - Management of Cow-Calf Production on Reclaimed Surface-Mined Land||Feb 12, 2010||460-128|
|Predicting Bull Fertility||
Reproductive efficiency is a major determinant of cow-calf profitability. The bull’s contribution to pregnancy rates is often overlooked.
|May 1, 2009||400-009|
|Preventing Scours in the Upcoming Calving Season||Jan 27, 2011|
|Procedure for Entering a Youth Livestock Competition at the 2009 State Fair of Virginia||Aug 3, 2009|
|R. L. Blanton Named Virginia BCIA 2011 Outstanding Commercial Producer of the Year||
R. L. Blanton and Son is a fourth generation farm in Amelia County with 1500 acres that includes over 600 acres of improved pasture in a well managed rotational grazing system, 500 acres of crops in corn, soybeans and small grains, 100 acres of small grain hay, as well a managed timber stand with a combination of hardwoods and planted loblolly pines.
|Feb 28, 2011|
|Recognition and Treatment of Bovine Respiratory Disease Complex||
The recognition and treatment of Bovine Respiratory Disease Complex (BRDC) is vital to the economic well-being of the stocker cattle producer. This disease is also known as shipping fever, or simply pneumonia.
|May 1, 2009||400-008|
|Remember What Drives Profitability in the Cow-Calf Business||Nov 1, 2010|
|Replacement Heifer Development Steps||Aug 3, 2009|
|Results of the 2009 Hokie Harvest Sale||Dec 3, 2009|
|Selecting a Treatment Technology for Manure Management||May 11, 2009||442-306|
|Selection and Location of Poultry and Livestock Manure Storage||
If you raise dairy cows, broilers, layers, turkeys, horses, beef cattle, sheep, goats, alpacas, or swine for income or a hobby, you will have to deal with the manure they produce. The amount of manure produced by the birds or animals you keep depends on their type, age, size, and diet.
|Nov 19, 2009||442-307|
|September Beef Management Calendar||Sep 9, 2011|
|September Beef Management Calendar||Sep 1, 2010|
|September Beef Management Calendar||Sep 1, 2009|
|Sheep Update||Jul 10, 2009|
|Sick Calves and Kids||Oct 1, 2010|
|Sire EPD Specifications for VQA- Spring 2010||Mar 3, 2010|
|Strategic Use of Antibiotics in Stocker Cattle||
Bovine respiratory disease complex (BRDC), or shipping fever, remains the most important health issue facing stocker-cattle producers. Despite many advances in our understanding of BRDC, vaccine technology, and new antibiotics in the last 40 years, the percentage of cattle that develop BRDC and the number that die from it have remained relatively unchanged.
|May 1, 2009||400-307|
|Strong Support at the 2011 Hokie Harvest Sale||Nov 10, 2011|
|Summer Fly Control on Cattle||Jul 10, 2009|
|Summer Management of Replacement Ewe Lambs||Jul 10, 2009|
|Summer Slump to Summer Shortage||Aug 9, 2010|
|Ten Steps to Buying the Right Bull||Nov 10, 2011|
|The Value of Crossbreeding in the Beef Business||Sep 1, 2010|
|Time for Fall Nutrition Tune-up||Sep 30, 2009|
|Tips for a Successful Breeding Season||Aug 3, 2009|
|Tips to Becoming More Efficient in Cow-Calf Business||Aug 3, 2009|
|Tri State Cow/Calf Conference||Jun 7, 2011|
|Tri-State Beef Conference To Be Hosted August 15-16||Jun 7, 2011|
|Tri-State Cow-Calf Conference||Aug 3, 2009|
|Tri-State Cow-Calf Conference||Sep 1, 2009|
|Understanding Expected Progeny Differences (EPDs)||
Expected progeny differences (EPDs) provide estimates of the genetic value of an animal as a parent. Specifically, differences in EPDs between two individuals of the same breed predict differences in performance between their future offspring when each is mated to animals of the same average genetic merit.
|May 1, 2009||400-804|
|Understanding and Coping with Summer Slump||Jun 1, 2010|
|Understanding and Utilizing Across Breed EPDs||Jan 1, 2011|
|VQA Sire EPD Specifications Fall 2009||Sep 30, 2009|
|VQA Sire EPD Specifications Fall 2010||Oct 1, 2010|
|VT Beef - Winter Webinar Series to Kick-Off December 6th||Nov 10, 2011|
|VT Beef - Winter Webinar Series to Kick-Off December 7||Nov 1, 2010|
|VT Beef - Winter Webinar Series – Market Outlook – January 10th||Dec 12, 2011|
|Value of Forages is Rising||Sep 9, 2011|
|Video Clips of Culpeper Senior Bulls Available||Dec 3, 2010|
|Virginia BCIA Central Bull Test Program Summary 2010-11||May 4, 2011|
|Virginia Cow Herd Performance Check-Up||
Profitability of the cow/calf enterprise within any particular year is impacted by several factors. A cursory analysis of the most basic farm records can quantify important issues affecting herd success such as reproductive performance, calf growth and weaning weight, calf health performance, market price, and herd turnover.
|May 1, 2009||400-791|
|Virginia Hereford Association Makes A Big Comeback!||Sep 1, 2009|
|Virginia Livestock Hall of Fame||Aug 1, 2011|
|Virginia Retained Ownership Program Summary||Sep 1, 2010|
|Virginia Simmental Field Day Scheduled for October 7||Sep 1, 2009|
|Weaning Nutrition and Management||Sep 1, 2009|
|Will Cows Get Pregnant in the Coming Breeding Season?||Mar 29, 2010|
|Winter Feeding Tips||Jan 1, 2011|
|Winter Hangover||Mar 3, 2010|
|Winter Memories and Forage Plans||Apr 30, 2010|
|Yearling Bull Management||Feb 28, 2011|
|Yearling Bull Management||Mar 3, 2010|
|Zoonotic Diseases of Cattle||
Zoonotic diseases are diseases that can be transmitted from animals to humans and from humans to animals. Zoonotic diseases may be acquired or spread in a variety of ways: through the air (aerosol), by direct contact, by contact with an inanimate object that harbors the disease (fomite transmission), by oral ingestion, and by insect transmission.
|May 1, 2009||400-460|
|“Time to Judge the Book by its Cover” or Time to Body Condition Score Your Cows||Nov 5, 2009|