|2007 Virginia On-Farm Corn Test Plots||May 1, 2009||424-038-07|
|2008 Virginia On-Farm Corn Test Plots||May 1, 2009||2812-1025|
|2009 Virginia On-Farm Corn Test Plots||
The research and demonstration plots discussed in this publication are a cooperative effort by thirteen Virginia Cooperative Extension Agents and Specialists, numerous producers, local soil and water conservation districts, and many members of the agribusiness community. The fieldwork and printing of this publication is mainly supported by the Virginia Corn Check-Off Fund through the Virginia Corn Board. Anyone who would like a copy should contact their local extension agent, who can request a copy from the Northumberland County Extension office.
|Jan 27, 2010||3001-1434|
|2010 Virginia On-Farm Corn Test Plots||Dec 21, 2010||3012-1521|
|2011 Virginia On-Farm Corn Test Plots (formerly VCE pub #3012-1521)||
Corn hybrid selection is becoming increasingly challenging. With more seed companies and more GMO options and seed treatment packages than ever before, it can be very difficult to decide which hybrids to plant. We evaluated early season hybrids (107 day RM or less) and mid season hybrids (108-112 day RM) at 5 locations and full season hybrids (113 day RM or more) at 3 locations. In a year where rainfall patterns in general favored later hybrids, across all locations the mid season and full season hybrids averaged 20 bushels per acre or more than the early season hybrids. Corn producers should continue to plant hybrids across all maturity ranges as a method for spreading out risk to adverse weather.
|Dec 9, 2011||ANR-2|
|2011 Virginia On-Farm Small Grain Test Plots||
The demonstration and research plot results discussed in this publication are a cooperative effort by six Virginia Cooperative Extension agents, extension specialists from Virginia Tech, and an assistant professor at the Virginia State University School of Agriculture. We are proud to present this year’s on-farm small grain plot work to you. The 2010-11 small grain season resulted in some excellent yields as timely planting, timely rainfall, and a cool, relatively dry grain fill period were all very positive for the wheat and barley crops. With July 2012 wheat futures prices currently trading over $7.00 per bushel, the outlook for the 2012 crop is good. We hope the information in this publication will help farmers produce a profitable crop.
|Aug 12, 2011||3108-1593|
|2012 Virginia On-Farm Corn Test Plots||Nov 29, 2012||ANR-31NP|
|2012 Virginia On-Farm Small Grain Test Plots||
The demonstration and research plot results discussed in this publication are a cooperative effort by four Virginia Cooperative Extension agents, extension specialists from Virginia Tech, and an assistant professor at the Virginia State University School of Agriculture. We are proud to present this year’s on-farm small grain plot work to you. The 2011-12 small grain season was challenging. Wet conditions in the fall hampered planting and caused stand losses in some fields. Precipitation was well below normal and temperatures were well above normal for January through mid April. Dry conditions decreased tillering and overall growth of the crop. Widespread rainfall on April 22nd basically saved the crop. Some late season diseases developed in some fields. With July 2013 wheat futures prices currently trading over $8.00 per bushel, the outlook for the 2013 crop is very good. We hope the information in this publication will help farmers produce a profitable crop.
|Jul 20, 2012||ANR-19NP|
|2013 Virginia On-Farm Corn Test Plots||Dec 4, 2013||ANR-96NP|
|2013 Virginia On-Farm Wheat Test Plots||Jul 31, 2013||ANR-78NP|
|2014 Virginia On-Farm Corn Test Plots||Dec 11, 2014||ANR-134NP|
|2014 Virginia On-Farm Small Grain Test Plots||
The demonstration and research plot results discussed in this publication are a cooperative effort by six Virginia Cooperative Extension agents, extension specialists from Virginia Tech, and an assistant professor at the Virginia State University School of Agriculture. We are proud to present this year’s onfarm small grain plot work to you. We hope the information in this publication will help farmers produce a profitable crop in 2015.
|Aug 11, 2014||ANR-113NP|
|2015 VIRGINIA ON-FARM WHEAT TEST PLOTS||
The demonstration and research plot results discussed in this publication are a cooperative effort by seven Virginia Cooperative Extension agents, extension specialists from Virginia Tech, and an associate professor at the Virginia State University School of Agriculture. We are proud to present this year’s onfarm small grain plot work to you. We hope the information in this publication will help farmers produce a profitable crop in 2016.
|Aug 12, 2015||ANR-159NP|
|2015 Virginia Grain Sorghum Performance Tests||
The 2015 grain sorghum OVT tests contained 21 hybrids planted as a full season crop and 22 as double crop. Full season tests were conducted at three locations, the Tidewater Agricultural Research and Extension Center (TAREC) in Suffolk, VA, the Eastern Virginia Agricultural Research and Extension Center (EVAREC) in Warsaw, VA, and in a farmer field near Windsor, VA, in Isle of Wight County. The double crop sorghum trials were conducted at three locations, the TAREC, in a farmer field near Windsor, VA, in Isle of Wight County, and in a farmer field near Locust Grove, VA, in Orange County.
|Feb 12, 2016||PPWS-72NP|
|2015 Virginia On-Farm Corn Test Plots||
The research and demonstration plots discussed in this publication are a cooperative effort by eight Virginia Cooperative Extension employees, a faculty member at Virginia State University, numerous producers, and many members of the agribusiness community. The field work and printing of this publication are mainly supported by the Virginia Corn Check-Off Fund through the Virginia Corn Board. Anyone who would like a copy should contact their local extension agent, who can request a copy from the Essex County Extension office.
|Dec 14, 2015||ANR-172NP|
|2016 Virginia On-Farm Wheat Test Plots||
2015-16 was a tough year for wheat. Above normal temperatures in March resulted in wheat that was approaching the boot stage when a freeze hit on April 6th. Almost all fields were affected to some degree with some fields experiencing very significant tiller death. See figure 1. Some varieties were affected more than others. The freeze was followed by dry conditions and then very wet conditions in May. The result was a poor crop overall.
|Aug 10, 2016||ANR-217NP|
|Corn Emergence Evaluation||
There is much emphasis placed on the importance of stand uniformity and emergence in producing high yielding corn. Stand uniformity refers to spacing while uniformity of emergence refers to how even emergence is within the field. In 2015, in work supported by check-off funds provided by the Virginia Corn Board, we flagged off two forty foot sections of row in two corn fields that were planted on April 11th.
|Feb 25, 2016||CSES-157NP|
|Corn Fertility Update – Spring 2010||Jun 11, 2010||3006-1448|
|Deep Tillage Prior to No-Till Corn: Research and Recommendations||May 1, 2009||424-053|
|Growing Bread Wheat in the Mid-Atlantic Region||
The more than 55 million people who live in the mid-Atlantic region of the United States want to purchase processed grain foods such as bread and other dough products made from hard, or bread, wheat.
|May 1, 2009||424-024|
|Growing Hulless Barley in the Mid-Atlantic||May 1, 2009||424-022|
|Growing Small Grains for Forage in Virginia||
Cereal crops are used throughout the world for livestock feed. When they are managed properly they provide excellent grazing and high-quality silage or hay.
|May 1, 2009||424-006|
|Managing Fusarium Head Blight in Virginia Small Grains||
Fusarium head blight (FHB), or scab, continues to impact small grain crops grown in Virginia. Caused primarily by the fungus Fusarium graminearum (also known as Gibberella zeae), this disease can negatively impact yield and grain quality. Grain may also contain toxins (mycotoxins) produced by the fungus and reduce the price received for grain at local mills and elevators. Corn and small grain residues remaining in the field prior to small grain planting are known to provide a place for the fungus
|Mar 4, 2011||3102-1535|
|Nitrogen and Sulfur Leaching Potential in Virginia||Jun 19, 2015||CSES-125NP|
|No-Tillage Small Grain Production in Virginia||May 1, 2009||424-005|
|Pop-up and/or Starter Fertilizers for Corn||Mar 8, 2010||3002-1438|
|Precision Farming Tools: Soil Electrical Conductivity||
Soil electrical conductivity (EC) is a measurement that correlates with soil properties that affect crop productivity, including soil texture, cation exchange capacity (CEC), drainage conditions, organic matter level, salinity, and subsoil characteristics. This publication discusses: 1) How, with field verification, soil EC can be related to specific soil properties that affect crop yield, such as topsoil depth, pH, salt concentrations, and available water-holding capacity; 2) Soil EC maps often visually correspond to patterns on yield maps and can help explain yield variation; and 3) Other uses of soil EC maps (Table 1), including developing management zones, guiding directed soil sampling, assigning variable rates of crop inputs, fine tuning NRCS soil maps, improving the placement and interpretation of on-farm tests, salinity diagnosis, and planning drainage remediation.
|May 1, 2009||442-508|
|Precision Farming Tools: Variable-Rate Application||
There are a number of questions that must be answered before establishing a site-specific crop management (SSCM) program. Many of these questions are economic, some are agronomic and environmental, and others are technology-related. This publication is intended to discuss variable-rate devices that are available, while providing an understanding of which technologies might best fit a cropping system and production management strategy.
|Aug 1, 2011||442-505|
|Sensor-Based, Variable-Rate Nitrogen Applications in Virginia||
Variable-rate applications (VRA) of nitrogen (N) fertilizers are a new option to assist producers with real-time fertilizer rate decisions. Two commercially available systems that allow variable-rate nitrogen applications are GreenSeeker (Trimble Navigation Limited; www. ntechindustries.com/greenseeker-home.html) and the OptRx Crop Sensor (Ag Leader Technology; www. agleader.com/products/directcommand/optrx/). A discussion of the science behind these systems, potential economic benefits, and other methodologies to make VRA is discussed in Virginia Cooperative Extension publication 442-505, “Precision Farming Tools: Variable-Rate Application” (Grisso et al. 2011).
|Aug 8, 2014||CSES-90P|
|Small Grain Forage Variety Testing, 2015||Jun 24, 2015||CSES-127NP|
|Small Grain Forage Variety Testing, 2016||Jun 27, 2016||CSES-165NP|
|Small Grains In 2011||
The following tables present results from barley and wheat varietal tests conducted in Virginia in
|Jul 21, 2011||3007-1456|
|Small Grains in 2012||Jul 27, 2012||CSES-18NP|
|Small Grains in 2013||Aug 7, 2013||CSES-62NP|
|Small Grains in 2014||Aug 1, 2014||CSES-97NP|
|Small Grains in 2015||Jul 29, 2015||CSES-129NP|
|Small Grains in 2016||Jul 27, 2016||CSES-167NP|
|Soil Test Note #2 - Field Crops||
Most Virginia soils are acidic and require lime applications at three- to five-year intervals. Maintaining the correct soil pH has several benefits, such as encouraging healthy root development and making sure nutrients in the soil are available to the plant. For example, low pH can cause aluminum toxicity and can decrease phosphorus availability.
|Sep 25, 2014||452-702 (CSES-100P)|
|Successful No-Tillage Corn Production||Jul 29, 2009||424-030|
|The Nutrient Value of Straw||Jun 19, 2015||CSES-126NP|
|The Virginia Perennial Cool-Season Grass Forage Variety Report: A 3-Year Summary (2002-2004)||
Perennial cool-season forage grasses are the foundation of ruminant livestock production systems in Virginia. Sound management of these grasses begins with proper species and variety selection. This report is a summary of forage variety trials performed with perennial cool-season grasses at Virginia Tech Agricultural Research and Extension Centers (ARECs) from 2002 through 2004. It includes trials seeded at the Southern Piedmont AREC (SPAREC) at Blackstone and at the Tidewater AREC, Suffolk, September 2001 and harvested for three years (2002 through 2004)
|May 1, 2009||418-200|
|Tips for Profitable Variety Selection: How to Use Data From Different Types of Variety Trials||
Selecting an appropriate, high-yielding variety is one of the most important management decisions that producers make. Yield potential is clearly important, but the decision is complicated by such factors as the cropping system, the need for disease resistance, end-use quality goals, year-to-year climatic variation, and the need to select multiple varieties in order to reduce risk by spreading out flowering and maturity dates.
|Jul 29, 2011||424-040|
|Understanding Pre-harvest Sprouting of Wheat||May 11, 2009||424-060|
|Using the Virginia Cooperative Extension Climate Analysis Web Tool to Better Manage and Predict Wheat Development||
Wheat development is affected by nutrients, water, light, and other factors; but temperature consistently determines how quickly or slowly plants move ahead in forming leaves, roots, tillers, and grain heads. The plant's development stage at any point during the season is affected very predictably by how warm or cool the season has been up to that point. This knowledge, combined with educated guesses about how the rest of the growing season will progress, can be extremely valuable information to the grower, who can then make more informed management decisions to include predicting the maturity/harvest schedule.
|May 1, 2009||424-004|
|Using the Virginia Cooperative Extension Climate Analysis Web Tool to Develop a Corn Planting Strategy||
With adequate soil moisture, early-planted corn generally out yields late-planted corn due to its better use of sunlight during June and July. The goal for most producers is to plant as early as possible and still achieve rapid emergence and a good crop stand.
|May 1, 2009||424-003|
|Using the Virginia Cooperative Extension Climate Analysis Web Tool to Monitor, Predict, and Manage Corn Development||
How a corn crop develops is affected by many factors: fertilization, rainfall, sunny or cloudy weather, hybrid or maturity group, etc. But these factors generally play second fiddle to temperature in determining when a corn crop tassels or is ready to harvest. Many years of observation have shown that plant development at any point during the season is affected very predictably by how warm or cool the season has been to that point. This knowledge, combined with projections about the remainder of the growing season, can sometimes be used to make mid-season adjustments in management and to predict harvest schedules.
|May 1, 2009||424-055|
|Virginia Corn Hybrid and Management Trials in 2015||Nov 12, 2015||CSES-149NP|
|Virginia Cover Crops Fact Sheet Series No. 1: Beneficial Uses of Cover Crops||May 5, 2015||CSES-120NP|
|Virginia Cover Crops Fact Sheet Series No. 2: Cover Crop Performance Evaluation in Field and Controlled Studies||May 5, 2015||CSES-121NP|
|Virginia No-Till Fact Sheet Series Number Five - Understanding Ammonia Volatilization from Fertilizers||Sep 25, 2015||2908-1404(CSES-130NP)|
|Virginia No-Till Fact Sheet Series Number Six - Nitrogen Fertilizer Sources and Properties||Aug 27, 2009||2908-1405|
|Virginia No-Till Fact Sheet Series Number Two: Nitrogen Fertilizer Injection in No-Till Systems||Sep 25, 2015||3011-1516(CSES-131NP)|
|Virginia On-Farm Corn Test Plots 2006||May 1, 2009||424-038-06|
|Virginia On-Farm Small Grain Test Plots, 2005||May 1, 2009||424-050|
|Virginia On-Farm Small Grain Test Plots, 2006||May 1, 2009||424-050-06|
|Virginia On-Farm Wheat Test Plots, 2007||May 1, 2009||424-050-07|
|Virginia Tech Corn Silage Testing 2015||
Annual corn silage hybrid testing in Virginia. This report contains the results for performance trials from commercial corn hybrids produced for silage at four locations in Virginia in 2015 as well as two and three year average performance, when available.
|Nov 6, 2015||CSES-148NP|
|Virginia Tech On-Farm Small Grain Test Plots - Eastern Virginia, August 2009||
The demonstration and research plot results discussed in this publication are a cooperative effort by seven Virginia Cooperative Extension agents, several extension specialists from Virginia Tech, area
|Aug 28, 2009||2908-1409|
|Virginia Tech On-Farm Small Grain Test Plots, Eastern Virginia, August 2010||Aug 19, 2010||3008-1457|