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James E. Johnson

Title Summary Date ID Author(s)
Coloring Christmas Trees Before Harvest Mar 19, 2015 420-638(AREC-116P)
Economics of Producing an Acre of White Pine Christmas Trees May 1, 2009 420-081
Forest Landowner’s Guide To The Measurement Of Timber And Logs

As a forest landowner interested in selling timber, you are naturally interested in the price you will receive
for your product and how that price is determined. The measurement of standing timber and logs may seem
strange and complicated to you, and it is possible that you may be quoted dramatically different prices based
upon differing estimates of the amount of timber you have and the units of measurement used. Methods of
measuring timber and the units of measurement often differ between buyers, and, as a seller, you should have
an understanding of these methods, the units of measurement, and an idea as to a reasonable price for your

Dec 15, 2014 420-085 (ANR-120P)
Measuring Standing Trees and Logs

Timber may be sold as stumpage (trees before they are cut) or as harvested products (sawlogs, veneer logs, or pulpwood). If trees are sold as harvested products, the sale is customarily based upon measured volume. Trees marketed as stumpage may be sold by boundary, a measured estimate of stand volume, or individual tree measurements.

Standing-tree and log volumes can be measured using a scale stick designed to fit Virginia timber conditions. With it you can measure the diameter of a tree, the number of 16-foot logs or the length of pulpwood in a tree, and the diameter and length of sawlogs. Tables printed on the stick provide for varying board-foot volumes for standing trees and for sawlogs of varying lengths.

Jul 14, 2009 420-560
Moving Toward Sustainable Forestry: Strategies for Forest Landowners Dec 15, 2014 420-144 (AREC-108NP)
Principles of Regeneration Silviculture in Virginia Aug 25, 2009 420-405
Selection and Care of Christmas Trees May 1, 2009 420-641
Shortleaf Pine: An Option for Virginia Landowners May 1, 2009 420-165
Species for Christmas Tree Planting in Virginia May 1, 2009 420-082
Tree Crops For Marginal Farmland -- Christmas Trees

This publication describes the most effective practices used to grow Christmas trees in the southern United States and the cost of those practices. It includes a financial analysis with typical costs and expected returns.

Only eastern white pine and Virginia pines are discussed in this guide. But other species, such as Scotch pine and Fraser fir, also can be grown profitably in some locations in the South. To use this publication to best advantage, read it straight through. Take special note of the cultural practices described and their estimated costs. Think about potential markets for the harvest. Read how to evaluate your potential investment, and think about the other benefits of tree crops. Read the case studies to get a better idea of how these investments can be evaluated. To conduct a financial analysis of your own situation, carefully estimate all the production costs, then take your estimates to the local Extension agent or farm management agent for assistance.

May 1, 2009 446-605
Tree Crops for Marginal Farmland: Loblolly Pine

The Tree Crops for Marginal Farmland Project seeks to provide farmers with basic information about grow­ing and marketing tree crops. Tree crops have many advantages for farmers with marginal or unused land. The cost of inputs is relatively low, economic returns may be quite competitive with alternatives, and there are important environmental benefits.

There are five introductory guides in this series, and each has an accompanying videotape. They provide information on a specific tree crop which can be grown on small or medium-sized tracts of marginal or unused farmland. All these crops are common to areas of the southeastern United States, but their economic poten­tial should be investigated by farmers.

Jun 23, 2009 446-609
Understanding the Science Behind Riparian Forest Buffers: An Overview May 1, 2009 420-150
Understanding the Science Behind Riparian Forest Buffers: Benefits to Communities and Landowners May 1, 2009 420-153
Understanding the Science Behind Riparian Forest Buffers: Effects on Plant and Animal Communities May 1, 2009 420-152
Understanding the Science Behind Riparian Forest Buffers: Effects on Water Quality May 1, 2009 420-151
Understanding the Science Behind Riparian Forest Buffers: Factors Influencing Adoption May 1, 2009 420-154
Understanding the Science Behind Riparian Forest Buffers: Planning, Establishment, and Maintenance May 1, 2009 420-155
Understanding the Science Behind Riparian Forest Buffers: Resources for Virginia Landowners May 1, 2009 420-156