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Joe Hunnings

Title Summary Date ID Author(s)
4-H Charters: Frequently Asked Questions Jun 25, 2012 388-070
Soil Sampling for the Home Gardener May 1, 2009 452-129
Virginia 4-H Club Annual Goals and Program Plan Jul 25, 2012 388-210
Virginia 4-H Club Constitution and Bylaws Jul 25, 2012 388-211
Virginia 4-H Club Member's Business Meeting Guide Jul 25, 2012 388-212
Virginia Farmstead Assessment System: Household Wastewater Treatment and Septic Systems

Household wastewater contains some contaminants that degrade water quality for such uses as drinking, stock watering, food preparation and cleaning. Potential contaminants in household wastewater include disease-causing bacteria, infectious viruses, household chemicals, and nutrients, such as nitrate. Viruses can infect the liver, causing hepatitis or infect the lining of the intestine, causing gastroenteritis (vomiting and diarrhea). If coliform organisms (a group of indicator bacteria) are found in well water, they show that the water is potentially dangerous for drinking and food preparation. Virtually all farmsteads use a septic system or similar on-site wastewater treatment system.

May 1, 2009 442-903
Worksheet for Planning a 4-H Club Meeting Jul 26, 2012 388-542