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Gordon Groover

Title Summary Date ID Author(s)
2007 Virginia Farm Business Management Crop Budget

The budgets in this publication have been developed by the Virginia Cooperative Extension Farm Business Management Agents* for the major crops and livestock enterprises in Virginia. These budgets show the projected costs and returns for the production of these enterprises in a given situation.

Input data for the budgets are based on information from a number of sources such as farm records, personal contact with individual farmers, farm supply businesses, Virginia Tech research, Extension agents and plain old practical experience.

While every attempt is made to make the budgets realistic, the users should realize that they are "typical" or "average" in nature rather than fitting any given farm situation. Thus, users of these budgets would be expected to modify them to better fit their particular operation.

May 1, 2009 446-047
2011 Virginia Farm Business Management Livestock Budgets May 1, 2011 446-048
2014 NASS Cropland and Pastureland Rental Rates May 4, 2015 AAEC-91NP
2016 NASS Cropland and Pastureland Rental Rates

This fall USDA National Agricultural Statistical Service (NASS) released cash rental rates for irrigated and non-irrigated cropland and pastureland for Virginia counties and cities.

Oct 14, 2016 AAEC-125NP
A Characterization of Direct-Market Beef Processing and Marketing in Virginia May 11, 2009 448-123
A Characterization of Direct-Marketed Beef Production in Virginia Jul 15, 2009 448-124
A Citizens' Guide to The Use Value Taxation Program in Virginia May 1, 2009 448-037
A Geographic Analysis of Agritourism in Virginia May 2, 2014 AAEC-62P
An Overview of Virginia Agritourism: Results From the 2013 Profitability Survey Mar 11, 2015 AAEC-77P
Assessing the Economic Feasibility of Growing Specialized Apple Cultivars for Sale to Commercial Hard Cider Producers Sep 30, 2013 AREC-46P
Direct Marketers and the Virginia Sales Tax May 26, 2009 448-073
Farm Business Management Update Jun 13, 2013 AAEC-47NP
Farm Record Book Apr 8, 2015 446-017(AAEC-88NP)
Frequently Asked Questions About Virginia's Use Value Assessment Program Sep 24, 2015 AAEC-39P (AAEC-102P)
Grain and Soybean Production and Storage in Virginia: A Summary and Spatial Examination Mar 25, 2014 AAEC-60P
Investing in GPS Guidance Systems?

The price of GPS (Global Positioning Satellite) guidance system technology continues to decline as its capabilities increase. Many farmers question if or when they should invest in this technology. The major advantage of using GPS is input savings from more precise field application of seed, fertilizers, chemicals, fuel, and labor, as well as increased benefits to the farm production process (extended working time, reduced fatigue, etc.).

May 26, 2009 448-076
Methods and Procedures: Determining the Use Value of Agricultural and Horticultural Land in Virginia

Virginia law allows for localities adopting a program of special assessments for agriculture, horticulture, forestry and/or open space lands for their land to be taxed based on the value of the land in one of these four uses (use value) instead of its market value. This document describes methods and procedures used to calculate use values for agriculture and horticulture land based on an income and rental rate approach.

Aug 3, 2016 446-011 (AAEC-118NP)
NASS to Release Final Census of Agriculture Data

WASHINGTON, June 1, 2004 - The U. S. Department of Agriculture's National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) will release final data from the 2002 Census of Agriculture for every county and state in the Nation.

Aug 4, 2009 2906-1363
Organic Feed-grain Markets: Considerations for Potential Virginia Producers May 1, 2009 448-520
Planning Fencing Systems For Controlled Grazing

Controlled grazing can be an economical way to provide forage to grazing animals. Utilizing pasture as a major portion of the forage plan can significantly reduce feed costs during the grazing season. Virginia's soils and climate are especially favorable for the growth of a wide range of productive, high-quality grasses and legumes suitable for grazing. However, optimizing a controlled grazing system requires careful planning and good management of a fencing system.

May 1, 2009 442-130
Precision Farming Tools: GPS Navigation

For a review of the principles of GPS to locate specific field points, refer to this GPS Tutorial (Trimble Navigation Limited, 2008). GPS and associated navigation systems are used in many types of agricultural operations. These systems are useful particularly in applying pesticides, lime, and fertilizers and in tracking wide planters/drills or large grain-harvesting platforms. GPS navigation tools can replace foam for sprayers and planter/drill-disk markers for making parallel swaths across a field. Navigation systems help operators reduce skips and overlaps, especially when using methods that rely on visual estimation of swath distance and/or counting rows. This technology reduces the chance of misapplication of agrochemicals and has the potential to safeguard water quality. Also, GPS navigation can be used to keep implements in the same traffic pattern year-to-year (controlled traffic), thus minimizing adverse effects of implement traffic.

May 1, 2009 442-501
The Income Side of Seasonal vs. Year-Round Pasture-based Milk Production

One issue in the debate on dairy production is seasonal versus year-round milk production. The frame of reference in this debate is seasonal price trends. Farmers historically receive the lowest milk price for milk sold during the six months following spring pasture flush. Conversely, the season's highest price is received during the period of October to January. The driving force behind the current interest in grass-based dairy production is lowering total costs per hundredweight of milk sold by using pasture as the primary source of forage. 

May 1, 2009 404-113
Using Market Maker to Connect Virginia Meat Producers and Processors Jun 6, 2014 AAEC-86NP
Virginia Whole Farm Planning: An Educational Program for Farm Startup and Development (Land Acquisition and Tenure)

The Land Acquisitions and Tenure module is designed to help beginning farmers and ranchers develop and implement their farmland tenure and transfer goals as part of the whole farm plan. Established farmers who are planning for the transfer of their farm may also find this module useful.

The module includes concepts, worksheets, and examples to help you assess your resources and preferences for successful start-up planning.

Jun 11, 2015 AEE-51P
Why Use-value Estimates Can Differ Between Counties

During September of each year, annual use-value estimates for the upcoming tax-year are voted on for acceptance by the State Land Evaluation Advisory Council (SLEAC)1 the governing body of the use-value estimate program. The Council’s voting members include Virginia’s: Tax Commissioner, Commissioner of Agriculture, State Forester, Director of the Department of Conservation and Recreation, and the Dean of the College of Agriculture and Life Sciences at Virginia Tech. One month prior to the September meeting, use-value estimates are presented for public review. The September meeting allows for discussion, explanation, and comments regarding the estimates before a final vote. All the meetings are open to interested individuals to ask questions on values and methods.

May 1, 2009 446-013