|Powell River Project - Coal-resource Contracting Terms for Productive Postmining Forests||Feb 26, 2010||460-143|
|Powell River Project - Establishing Groundcover for Forested Postmining Land Uses||Feb 19, 2010||460-124|
|Powell River Project - Growing Christmas Trees on Reclaimed Surface-mined Land||Sep 2, 2009||460-116|
|Powell River Project - How to Restore Forests on Surface-mined Land||
Most coal-bearing lands in the Appalachian region were forested prior to mining. The region’s forests are predominantly upland oak-hickory and Appalachian mixed hardwoods. These forests provide many benefits to landowners and the public. Solid wood and paper products are perhaps the most tangible benefits, but a predictable flow of high-quality water from forested watersheds into regional streams is another vital benefit provided by the region’s forests. Forests also fix carbon from the atmosphere, provide wildlife food and cover, and provide recreational opportunities and an aesthetically pleasing environment.
|Mar 30, 2011||460-123|
|Powell River Project - Mine Permitting to Establish Productive Forests as Post-Mining Land Uses||Sep 29, 2009||460-141|
|Powell River Project - Recovery of Native Plant Communities After Mining||
This publication summarizes research on the impacts of reclamation practices on re-establishment of native Appalachian forest ecosystems and describes practices
|Feb 25, 2010||460-140|
|Powell River Project - Reforestation Guidelines for Unused Surface Mined Lands in the Eastern United States||
More than a million acres in the Appalachian region were surface mined for coal under the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act (SMCRA) (US OSM 2008). Much of this land was reclaimed using practices intended to stabilize the surface, prevent erosion, and establish herbaceous vegetation suitable for grazing livestock, but most is not used for grazing. Other areas were reclaimed to post-mining uses such as wildlife habitat or unmanaged forest using similar techniques, but with shrubs and trees able to survive heavy grass cover and compacted mine soils.
|Mar 24, 2011||460-144|
|Powell River Project - Restoring the Value of Forests on Reclaimed Mined Land||Dec 4, 2009||460-138|