this publication is available in a PDF file format only.
To fast is to “abstain from all or some kinds of food or drink, especially as a religious observance” (Oxford Dictionaries Online 2016). It has been practiced worldwide in some form or other since the time of ancient civilizations and has been used for religious, cultural, and political purposes.
Virginia Cooperative Extension materials are available for public use, reprint, or citation without further permission, provided the use includes credit to the author and to Virginia Cooperative Extension, Virginia Tech, and Virginia State University.
Issued in furtherance of Cooperative Extension work, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Virginia State University, and the U.S. Department of Agriculture cooperating. Edwin J. Jones, Director, Virginia Cooperative Extension, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg; M. Ray McKinnie, Administrator, 1890 Extension Program, Virginia State University, Petersburg.
September 26, 2016