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A Guide to Successful Pruning, Decidous Tree Pruning Calendar

ID

430-460

Authors as Published

Bonnie Lee Appleton, Extension Nursery Specialist, Virginia Tech; Susan C. French, Research Specialist, Virginia Tech

Legend:
* = Best time to prune
x = Do not prune except to correct damage, hazards, or structural defects
- = Timing is not critical

Note

1. Avoid pruning in late winter/early spring due to sap flow (more cosmetic than detrimental)

2. Avoid pruning from spring through summer due to insect or disease problems

3. Avoid pruning from October - December due to reduced cold hardiness

4. Avoid pruning after July because flower buds have set

 JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecNote
Ailanthus------------ 
Alder**--------** 
Ash------------ 
Bald Cypress------------ 
Beech------***--- 
Birch*xxxxxx---**1,2
Buckeyexxxx***xxxxx4
Catalpa------------ 
Cherry, Floweringxxxxx**xxxxx4
Chestnut, Chinese------------ 
Crabapplexxxx***xxxxx4
Crape Myrtle***xxx---xxx3
Dogwoodxxxxx**xxxxx4
Elmxxxxxx---***1,2
Fringe Treexxxxx**xxxxx4
Ginko------------ 
Goldenraintree---xxxxx-*** 
Hackberry-------xx---2
Hawthornxxxxx**xxxxx4
Hickory------------ 
Honeylocust--------**-- 
Horsechestnutxxxx***xxxxx4
Katsura------------ 
Linden---xxxx***-- 
Magnoliaxxxx***xxxxx4
Maplexxxx***xx-**1,2
Mimosa------------ 
Mountain Ash------------ 
Mulberry------------ 
Nyssa, Black Gum------------ 
Oak--xxxxxx--**2
Peach, Floweringxxxxx**xxxxx4
Pear, Floweringxxxxx**xxxxx4
Plum, Flowering
and Purple
xxxxx**xxxxx4
Poplar-xxx-----***1
Redbudxxxx***xxxxx2,4
Serviceberryxxxx***xxxxx4
Sophora---xxxx--*** 
Sourwood--xxxxx--*** 
Stewartia*----xxx---* 
Sweetgum------------ 
Sycamore, Plane------------ 
Tuliptree------------ 
Willow-xxx--------1
Zelkova------------ 

Exception: Timing varies across USDA climate zones - zones within Virginia range from 8a in the Virginia Beach area to 5b along the West Virginia border.

Rights


Virginia Cooperative Extension materials are available for public use, re-print, or citation without further permission, provided the use includes credit to the author and to Virginia Cooperative Extension, Virginia Tech, and Virginia State University.

Publisher

Issued in furtherance of Cooperative Extension work, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Virginia State University, and the U.S. Department of Agriculture cooperating. Edwin J. Jones, Director, Virginia Cooperative Extension, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg; Jewel E. Hairston, Administrator, 1890 Extension Program, Virginia State, Petersburg.

Date

May 1, 2009