What do you need?

Use the search below to search the site or find your local unit office.

Return to Skip Menu

Main Content

Training and Pruning Apple Trees in Intensive Orchards


422-024 (HORT-99P)

Authors as Published

Richard P. Marini, Extension Tree Fruit Specialist, Virginia Tech; Gregory Peck, Assistant Professor of Horticulture and Extension Specialist, Alson H. Smith, Jr. Agricultural Research and Extension Center, Virginia Tech 

    Cover, Training and Pruning Apple Trees in Intensive Orchards

This publication is available in PDF format only.

Since the mid 1970s in the U.S., the number of apple trees per acre in new orchards has gradually been increasing. Orchard intensification is motivated by the desire to produce fruit early in the life of the orchard to rapidly recover establishment costs. Intensification is possible by using dwarfing rootstocks that control tree size, induce early cropping, and produce large quantities of fruit relative to the amount of wood produced.


Virginia Cooperative Extension materials are available for public use, reprint, or citation without further permission, provided the use includes credit to the author and to Virginia Cooperative Extension, Virginia Tech, and Virginia State University.


Issued in furtherance of Cooperative Extension work, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Virginia State University, and the U.S. Department of Agriculture cooperating. Edwin J. Jones, Director, Virginia Cooperative Extension, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg; M. Ray McKinnie, Interim Administrator, 1890 Extension Program, Virginia State University, Petersburg.


February 24, 2015

Available as:

Other resources in:

Other resources by:

Other resources from: